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Mercedes-Benz C-Class

Mercedes-Benz C-Class
Mercedes-Benz C 200 Avantgarde (W205)
Overview
Manufacturer Daimler AG
Production 1993–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car (D)
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz 190 E (W201)

The Mercedes-Benz C-Class is a line of compact executive cars produced by Daimler AG. Introduced in 1993 as a replacement for the 190 (W201) range, the C-Class was the smallest model in the marque's lineup until the A-Class arrived in 1997. The C-Class is built at Mercedes-Benz factories in Sindelfingen and Bremen, Germany as well as numerous satellite factories in other countries. The first C-Class (W202) sedan was produced on 1 June 1993, and the first of the second generation (W203) rolled off the assembly line on 18 July 2000. The C-Class is available with 4Matic (i.e. four-wheel drive) since 2002. The third generation (W204) was launched in 2007. The latest generation C-Class (W205) came out in 2014.

Although originally sold as sedan and station wagon, the W203 series in 2000 debuted a fastback coupé (SportCoupé) version that, when facelifted, became the Mercedes-Benz CLC-Class. The CLC-Class remained in production until 2011 when it was replaced by a new W204 C-Class Coupé for the 2012 model year.

Contents

  • W202 (1993–2000) 1
  • W203 (2000–2007) 2
  • W204 (2007–2014) 3
  • W205 (2014–) 4
  • Production and sales 5
  • Concepts 6
  • References 7
    • Notes 7.1
    • Bibliography 7.2
      • General 7.2.1
      • Workshop manuals 7.2.2
  • External links 8

W202 (1993–2000)

W202
1997–2000 Mercedes-Benz C 200 (W202) Classic sedan
Overview
Production May 1993–2000
Model years 1994–2000
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door wagon
Mercedes-Benz C 180 Classic sedan (Australia)

In October 1986, 3 years into Mercedes-Benz W201 (190)'s production run, work began on a successor. Design work began in 1987, with the final design by Murat Gunak being selected in 1989 and the production design by Olivier Boulay frozen in January 1990, being later patented on 19 December 1990.[1][2][3][4] Rough prototypes went into testing in 1989, with first production design prototypes commencing testing in 1990. In May 1993, the first generation W202 C-Class was introduced as a replacement for the 190. The C-Class sedan was the company's entry-level model up until 1997, when Mercedes launched the A-Class. Styling themes were carried over from the previous W201 series, but the new series had a smoother and rounder design than the previous generation of compact Mercedes, with styling cues from the W124 E-Class (short, high trunk and taller tail lights), W140 S-Class (front end), and R129 SL-Class (headlights).

During the 1996 and 1997 Formula 1 seasons, the C36 AMG served as the sport's Safety Car.[5]

W203 (2000–2007)

W203
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz C 180 Kompressor (W203) Elegance sedan
Overview
Production July 2000 – December 2006
Model years 2001–2007
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz C 180 Kompressor (Australia)

In 1994, development began on the W203 C-Class. Design work commenced in mid-1994, with the final design being approved in December 1995 by the executive board.[6] Design patents were filed on 20 April 1998 and 4 March 1999.[7][8] Testing began in 1997, with development concluding in 2000. The second generation C-Class was introduced in March 2000. The sedan debuted with a range of inline-four and V6 petrol engines and inline-four and -five diesels. Most of the engines were carried over from the W202, but the C 320 was exclusive, offering 160 kW (218 PS). The diesels now featured common rail direct fuel injection and variable geometry turbochargers. Six-speed manual gearboxes were now standard for the entire range, except the C 320. Notably, for the first time, the number designations were no longer equivalent to the engine displacement, more specifically in the C 200 (1.8-litre), C 240 (2.6-litre) and C 200 CDI (2.2-litre).

W204 (2007–2014)

W204
Overview
Production 2007–2014
Model years 2008–2014
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door coupe
2010 Mercedes-Benz C 200 CGI Classic sedan (Australia)

DaimlerChrysler introduced the W204 C-Class on 18 January 2007[9] and displayed it in the 2007 Geneva Auto Show. Sales started on 31 March 2007 in almost all European countries. The new family had an extended wheelbase and tracks, a stiffer bodyshell and a design inspired by the W221 S-Class with some influences from the C219 CLS-Class. The C-Class received a facelift in 2011 for the 2012 model year including new LED taillights, a revised dashboard and instrument cluster layout, and a revised front fascia and headlights.

W205 (2014–)

W205
Overview
Production February 4, 2014–present
Model years 2015–present
Assembly Bremen, Germany
Pune, India
East London, South Africa
Beijing, China (Beijing Benz)
Tuscaloosa Alabama USA (MBUSI)
Pekan, Malaysia (DRB-HICOM)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Mercedes-Benz C 220 BlueTEC Avantgarde (Germany)

The current generation W205 C-class was launched at the 2014 Detroit Auto Show. It is the first car to use the all-new Modular Rear Architecture (MRA) platform. The new structure is significantly lighter using aluminium extensively throughout the body, resulting in a 220-pound weight decrease.[10] According to Mercedes-Benz, the structure will be much more rigid than other vehicles in its class.[11]

The car was officially unveiled on 16 December 2013.[12] W205 production commenced on 4 February 2014 at the Bremen plant.[13] European sales began in March 2014, while the vehicle went on sale in North America in September 2014.

Production and sales

On 10 December 2009, Daimler announced the production of the C-Class will be concentrated at the Bremen plant with additional production in the United States for the local market.[24]

Concepts

Siemens, employing prototype hybrid technology, showed off a modified Mercedes C-Class Sport Coupe that boasts faster acceleration, more torque—and better fuel economy—than its gasoline-powered equivalent. However, the company admitted that the car was "far from ready for production", and too expensive to manufacture or sell.

Karmann also showed a concept of the W203 Sportcoupe (prefacelift), which was turned into a convertible car with softtop. This prototype never reached production status.

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Patent USD346570 – Automobile". google.com. 
  2. ^ "DPMAregister – Designs – Registerauskunft zum Design". dpma.de. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Adrian-Liviu Dorofte. "Mercedes-Benz-Blog TRIVIA: Meeting point Mercedes – 25 years of the C-Class". mercedes-benz-blog.blogspot.com. 
  4. ^ europe.autonews.com/article/19970303/ANE/703030836/a-class-sets-new-record-for-mercedes
  5. ^ "Mercedes-AMG GT S: Bernd Mayländers neues Safety-Car". 9 March 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "W203 C-Class Design Studies". oocities.org. 
  7. ^ "Patent USD433653 – Exterior surface configuration of a motor vehicle". google.com. 
  8. ^ "DPMAregister – Designs – Registerauskunft zum Design". dpma.de. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  9. ^ http://www.daimlerchrysler.com/dccom/0-5-693758-1-693744-1-0-0-0-0-0-13-7163-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html
  10. ^ Wayne Cunningham (24 November 2014). "2015 Mercedes-Benz C-class review – CNET". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  11. ^ "Mercedes-Benz shows 2014 C-Class interior cabin". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  12. ^ http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-1642522-1-1658166-1-0-0-0-0-1-0-1549054-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html?TS=1419958031572 The new Mercedes-Benz C-Class: C-Class at its best
  13. ^ Four continents. One passion.' – Production of the New C-Class Starts at the Mercedes-Benz Bremen Plant – Daimler > Company > News"'". daimler.com. 7 February 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  14. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA Records Highest Sales in Its History". Thefreelibrary.com. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  15. ^ "2004 Highest Year on Record for Mercedes-Benz USA". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Rings in the New Year with Record 2006 Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  17. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA's Sales Drop 32.1 Percent In December 2008". Emercedesbenz.com. 5 January 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  18. ^ "Highest Sales Month for the Year at 21,469 Brings Mercedes-Benz to an 18 Percent Increase for 2010". Prnewswire.com. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage – 2010 News – A Record-Breaking Year: Mercedes-Benz Concludes 2009 with Unprecedented Sales". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. 11 January 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  20. ^ "Successful Year for Mercedes-Benz: Sales Up 15 Percent Worldwide in 2010". Daimler. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  21. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage – 2011 News – 115% Growth – Mercedes-Benz Remains China's Fastest Growing Premium brand in 2010". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  22. ^ Mercedes-Benz USA (3 January 2013). "Mercedes-Benz USA Hits Its Highest-Ever U.S. Volume With Sales Of 305,072". prnewswire.com. 
  23. ^ "Mercedes-Benz – Home of C, E, S, CLS, CL, SLK, SL, R, GLK, M, GL, G Class". Mercedes-Benz USA. 
  24. ^ Decision on production of next-generation C-Class will improve competitiveness

Bibliography

General

  • Barrett, Frank (1998). Illustrated Buyer's Guide Mercedes-Benz. Motorbooks International Illustrated Buyer's Guide series (2nd ed.). Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing.  
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Gold Portfolio 1983-1999. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books.  
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Ultimate Portfolio 2000-2006. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books.  
  • Engelen, Günter (2002). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 3 Seit 1986 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 3 Since 1986]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. (German)  
  • Engelen, Günter (2003). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 4 Seit 1996 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 4 Since 1996]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. (German)  
  • Hofner, Heribert; Schrader, Halwart (2005). Mercedes-Benz Automobile Band 2: von 1964 bis heute [Mercedes-Benz Automobiles Volume 2: from 1964 to today]. Königswinter, Germany: Heel. (German)  
  • Kittler, Eberhard (2002). Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Band 2. Personenwagen seit 1976 [Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Volume 2. Passenger Cars since 1976]. Typenkompass series. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. (German)  
  • Krämer, Michael (2007). Die neue C-Klasse von Mercedes-Benz: Entwicklung und Technik [The New C-Class from Mercedes-Benz: Development and Technology]. ATZ/MTZ-Typenbuch series (in Deutsch). Wiesbaden, Germany: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag.  
  • Niemann, Harry (2006). Personenwagen von Mercedes-Benz: Automobillegenden und Geschichten seit 1886 [Passenger Cars from Mercedes-Benz: Automobile Legends and Stories since 1886]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. (German)  
  • Pitt, Colin, ed. (2008). Mercedes-Benz C-Class and C63 AMG W202 W203 W204 1993 2008. Hockley, Essex, UK: CP Press.  
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.; Lehbrink, Hartmut; von Osterroth, Jochen (2013). Mercedes (revised ed.). Königswinter, Germany: Ullmann Publishing.  
  • Taylor, James (2009). Mercedes-Benz: Cars of the 1990s. Crowood AutoClassic Series. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. pp. 8–27, 73–90.  
  • Vieweg, Christof; Weyer, Peter (1997). Alles über die Mercedes-Benz-C-Klasse: eine Publikation der DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service [Everything about the Mercedes-Benz C-Class: a publication of DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service] (in Deutsch). Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service.  
  • Vieweg, Christof (2000). Alles über die Mercedes-Benz-C-Klasse: Modellreihe W 203: eine Publikation der DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service [Everything about the Mercedes-Benz C-Class: Model Series W 203: a publication of DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service] (in Deutsch). Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service.  
  • Vieweg, Christof (2001). Alles über die Mercedes-Benz-C-Klasse: Limousine, T-Modell und Sportcoupé: eine Publikation der DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service [Everything about the Mercedes-Benz C-Class: Sedan, Wagon and Sport Coupé: a publication of DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service] (in Deutsch). Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service.  
  • Vieweg, Christof (2007). C-Klasse: Vom Baby-Benz zum Bestseller – 25 Jahre Mercedes-Benz C-Klasse [C-Class: from Baby-Benz to Bestseller – 25 years of the Mercedes-Benz C-Class] (in Deutsch). Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing.  
  • Mercedes C-Klasse: Technik, Fahrtberichte, Tests, Vergleichstests (Limousine, Kombi, Sportcoupé, Cabrio, Coupé: alle Modelle seit 2000) [Mercedes C-Class: Technology, Drive Reports, Tests, Comparison Tests (Sedan, Wagon, Sport Coupé, Cabriolet, Coupé: all models since 2000).]. Auto, Motor und Sport spezial series (in Deutsch). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. 2003.  

Workshop manuals

  • Ahlstrand, Alan (2008). Chilton Mercedes C-class 2001–07 Repair Manual. Chilton Total Car Care Series. Somerset, UK: Haynes.  
  • Ahlstrand, Alan; Haynes, John H. (2008). Mercedes-Benz C-Class 2001 thru 2007. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Newbury Park, CA, USA: Haynes.  
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (1997). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 202 Diesel von 6/93 bis 5/00. So wird's gemacht, Band 89 (in Deutsch) (2nd ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing.  
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (2007). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 203 von 6/00 bis 3/07. So wird's gemacht, Band 126 (in Deutsch) (4th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing.  
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (2009). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 204 ab 3/07. So wird's gemacht, Band 146 (in Deutsch) (1st ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing.  
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (2011). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 202 von 6/93 bis 5/00. So wird's gemacht, Band 88 (in Deutsch) (10th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing.  
  • Korp, Dieter (1995). Mercedes-Benz: C 200/220/250 Diesel ab Juni 1993. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 173 (in Deutsch) (1st ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag.  
  • Korp, Dieter (2003). Mercedes-Benz: C 180/200/220/280 Benziner ab Juni 1993. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 167 (in Deutsch) (4th ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag.  
  • Korp, Dieter (2006). Mercedes-Benz: C-Klasse (W203). Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 245 (in Deutsch) (4th ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag.  
  • Korp, Dieter (2013). Mercedes-Benz: C-Klasse (W204). Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series (in Deutsch) (1st ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag.  
  • Gill, Peter T. (2009). Mercedes-Benz C-Class 4- & 5-cyl Sept 2000 to May 2007 Petrol & Diesel Owners Workshop Manual. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Sparkford, UK: Haynes.  
  • Legg, A.K.; Jex, R.M. (2003). Mercedes-Benz C180 C200 C220 C230 & C250 1993 to August 2000 Service and Repair Manual. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Sparkford, UK: Haynes.  
  • Russek, Peter (2006). Mercedes-Benz C-Class Series 202 – 1993 to 1999 C180, C200, C220, C230, C240, C280. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications.  
  • Russek, Peter (2006). Mercedes-Benz C-Class Series 202 – 1993 to 1999 C200D, C220D, C250D, C250TD, C200 CDI, C220 CDI. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications.  
  • Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W202) Service Manual: C220, C230, C230 Kompressor, C280 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2011.  
  • Mercedes C-Klasse ab April 1993. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1189. (in Deutsch). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 1995.  
  • Mercedes C-Klasse ab 2000. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1283. (in Deutsch). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2006.  
  • Mercedes-Benz Technical Companion. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2005.  

External links

Press Kit:

  • TecDay: testing of the new C-Class
  • TecDay: Comfort development for the new C-Class

Press Kit (2011–):

  • The new-generation C-Class: Dynamic appearance – inside and out
  • Mercedes-Benz C 63 AMG Coupé
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