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Metropolitan Borough of Westminster

Westminster

Westminster within the County of London
Area
 • 1911 2,503 acres (10.13 km2)[1]
 • 1961 2,505 acres (10.14 km2)[1]
Population
 • 1911 160,261[1]
 • 1961 85,735[1]
Density
 • 1911 64/acre
 • 1961 34/acre
History
 • Origin Liberty of Westminster
 • Created 1900
 • Abolished 1965
 • Succeeded by London Borough of Westminster
Status Metropolitan borough
City (1900–1965)
Civil parish (1922–1965)
Government Westminster City Council
 • HQ Westminster City Hall, St Martin's Place WC2
 • Motto Custodi Civitatem Domine (O Lord, watch over the City)
The Arms of The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster
Coat of arms of Westminster City Council

The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was a metropolitan borough in the County of London, England, from 1900 to 1965.

Contents

  • City status 1
  • Arms and motto 2
  • Formation and boundaries 3
  • Population and area 4
  • Politics 5
    • Borough council 5.1
    • Parliament constituency 5.2
  • Poor law 6
  • Replacement 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

City status

By royal charter dated 29 October 1900 the borough was granted the title City of Westminster. Westminster had originally been created a city and seat of the short-lived Diocese of Westminster in 1541. The diocese was suppressed in 1550, but the area was still known as a "city", although without official sanction.

Arms and motto

The arms of Westminster represent two monarchs, closely associated with the City. Edward the Confessor, who rebuilt the church of St Peter (Westminster Abbey), and Henry VII, who added a chapel, within the Abbey. The portcullis and rose emblems are derived from the Tudor dynasty – from whom Westminster first achieved its status; and they appear throughout many public and religious buildings in Westminster, and the portcullis was adopted by the House of Commons. The supporting lions are adopted from the Cecil family, who have had a long association with the borough. The arms were first granted in 1601.

The motto Custodi Civitatem Domine, is translated as O Lord, watch over the City.[2]

The arms can still be seen on the Portland stone parapet of the former Westminster City Hall in St Martin's Place (built in 1890–91 by Robert Walker, replacing an earlier vestry hall).

Formation and boundaries

It consisted of the area that is now part of the City of Westminster and south of Oxford Street and Bayswater Road. It included Soho, Mayfair, St. James's, The Strand, Westminster, Pimlico, Belgravia, and Hyde Park.

The borough was formed from eleven St James Piccadilly, St Martin in the Fields, St Mary-le-Strand, St Paul Covent Garden and Westminster St Margaret and St John. In 1922 these eleven were combined into a single civil parish called City of Westminster, which was conterminous with the metropolitan borough.[3]

Previous to the borough's formation it had been administered by five separate local bodies: the Vestry of St George Hanover Square, the Vestry of St Martin in the Fields, Strand District Board of Works, Westminster District Board of Works and the Vestry of Westminster St James. The Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter had not been under the control of any local authority prior to 1900.[4]

Population and area

The borough covered 2,503 acres (10.1 km2). The population recorded in the Census was:

Constituent parishes 1801–1899
Year[5] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 160,759 168,657 189,543 209,229 229,473 244,531 257,232 248,714 229,784 198,871
Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961
Year[6] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 183,011 160,261 141,578 129,579 [7] 99,048 85,735

Politics

A map showing the wards of Westminster Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The borough was divided into fourteen

In 1918 the borough's representation was reduced to two seats:

For elections to Parliament, the borough was divided into three constituencies:

Parliament constituency

Borough council

[9][8]

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