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Metropolitan regions in Germany

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Title: Metropolitan regions in Germany  
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Metropolitan regions in Germany

The metropolitan regions in Germany are eleven[1] densely populated areas in the Federal Republic of Germany. They comprise the major German cities and their surrounding catchment areas and form the political, commercial and cultural centres of the country. The eleven metropolitan regions in Germany were organised into political units for planning purposes.

Using a narrower definition of metropolises, only four cities surpass the threshold of at least one million inhabitants within its administrative borders, namely: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne.

For urban centres outside metropolitan areas, that generate a similar attraction at smaller scale for their region, the concept of the Regiopolis and respectively regiopolitan area or regio was introduced by German professors in 2006.[2]

Metropolitan regions

Sorted alphabetically:

  1. Berlin Metropolitan Region
  2. Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region
  3. Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region
  4. Hamburg Metropolitan Region
  5. Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region
  6. Munich Metropolitan Region
  7. Nuremberg Metropolitan Region
  8. Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region
  9. Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region (also covers the Cologne/Bonn Region)
  10. Central German Metropolitan Region
  11. Stuttgart Metropolitan Region

Big five

The five most important regions, collectively often called the "Big Give",[3][4] are frequently compared with other European metropolitan areas for investments and market development.[5] They are (from north to south): Hamburg, Berlin, Düsseldorf/Cologne (and/or collectively Rhine-Ruhr), Frankfurt/Rhine-Main and Munich. Globalization and World Cities Study Group (GaWC) considers Frankfurt and Munich "α" (Alpha) Global Cities, while the others are considered "β" (Beta) global cities.[6]


Each of them forms types of clusters and achieves varying levels of performance in areas such as business activity, human capital, information and technology exchange, cultural experience, and political engagement.[7]


metropolitan region (EMR)
core cities
population as by EMR[8] (2006) population as by ESPON[9] (2007) GDP per capita in €[10] (2006) GMP in Billion €[11] (2006) HQs of MNC (FG500[12]) annual passenger traffic (2008)
1 Rhine-Ruhr EMR K, DO, D, E NW 11.47 million 12.19 million 29,486 338.21 13 30.80 million
Ruhr DO, E, BO 5.26 million 5.38 million 25,266 132.90 4 2.30 million (DTM)
Düsseldorf D, DU, W, MG 3.12 million 3.07 million 34,658 108.13 5 18.15 million (DUS)
Cologne/Bonn K, BN 3.09 million 3.07 million 31,448 97.18 4 10.35 million (CGN)
2 Berlin/Brandenburg EMR B, P BE, BR 5.95 million 4.02 million 21,981 130.78 1 21.40 million (TXL, SXF)
3 Frankfurt/Rhine-Main EMR F, WI, MZ, DA, OF, HU HE, RP, BY 5.52 million 4.15 million 35,000 193.20 4 57.44 million (FRA, HHN)
4 Stuttgart EMR S, RT, ES, HN BW 5.29 million N/A 31,909 168.80 3 9.93 million
Stuttgart S, ES 2.67 million 2.67 million 35,492 94.76 3 9.93 million[13] (STR)
5 Munich EMR M, A, (IN) BY 5.20 million 3.27 million 39,155 203.61 7 34.73 million
Munich[14] M, FS 2.59 million[15] 2.67 million 47,943 124.35[16] 7 34.73 million (MUC)
6 Central German EMR L, DD, C, HAL, EF SN, ST, TH 4.36 million N/A 21,482 93.66 0 4.88 million
Leipzig/Halle L, HAL 1.50 million 1.21 million no data no data 0 2.46 million (LEJ)
Dresden DD 0.70 million[17] 0.88 million no data no data 0 1.86 million (DRS)
7 Hamburg EMR HH HH, SH, NI 4.27 million 2.98 million 33,210 141.81 2 12.84 million (HAM)
8 Hannover-Braunschweig-
Göttingen-Wolfsburg EMR
H, BS, , WOB, SZ, HI NI 3.91 million N/A 27,251 106.55 3 5.74 million
Braunschweig/Wolfsburg BS, WOB, SZ 1.00 million[18] 1.00 million no data no data 1 0.10 million (BWE)
Hannover H 1.12 million* 1.00 million no data no data 2 5.64 million[19] (HAJ)
9 Nuremberg EMR N, , , ER, BT, BA BY 3.51 million 1.58 million 29,955 105.14 0 4.27 million[20] (NUE)
10 Bremen/Oldenburg EMR HB, OL, HBx, DEL, WHV HB, NI 2.37 million 1.08 million 27,046 64.10 0 2.49 million (BRE)
11 Rhine-Neckar EMR MA, LU, HD, WO BW, RP, HE 2.36 million 2.93 million 29,891 70.54 1 0
metropolitan regions in Germany 57.74 million 29,412 1,698.23 34 168.75 million
Germany 80.22 million 28,212 2,322.20 37 191.02 million[21]

     highest score of all metropolitan regions
     highest score of all metropolitan areas

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Prof. Dr. Iris Reuther (FG Stadt- und Regionalplanung, Universität Kassel): Presentation "Regiopole Rostock". 11 December 2008, retrieved 13 June 2009 (pdf).
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ C&W European Cities Monitor 2008: London, Paris and Frankfurt the best business locations in Europe
  6. ^ The World According to GaWC 2010
  7. ^ Positionierung Europäischer Metropolregionen in Deutschland, Metropolfunktionen in Metropolregionen, page 3, Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung, 2009
  8. ^ Regionales Monitoring 2008 - Daten und Karten zu den Europäischen Metropolregionen (EMR) in Deutschland
  9. ^ ESPON project 1.4.3: Study on Urban Functions: Final Report
  10. ^ Regionales Monitoring 2008 - Daten und Karten zu den Europäischen Metropolregionen (EMR) in Deutschland
  11. ^ Regionales Monitoring 2008 - Daten und Karten zu den Europäischen Metropolregionen (EMR) in Deutschland
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ Region München 2006 Regionaler Planungsverband München
  16. ^ Region München 2006 Regionaler Planungsverband München
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^

External links

  • Initiativkreises Europäischer Metropolregionen in Deutschland

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