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Michigan's 2nd congressional district

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Title: Michigan's 2nd congressional district  
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Subject: Bill Huizenga, Marvin L. Esch, Weston E. Vivian, Michigan's 6th congressional district, Michigan's 9th congressional district
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Michigan's 2nd congressional district

Michigan's 2nd congressional district
Michigan's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Michigan's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Bill Huizenga (RZeeland)
Population (2010) 705,975
Ethnicity 81.1% White, 6.1% Black, 2.0% Asian, 8.4% Hispanic, 0.5% Native American
Cook PVI R+7

Michigan's 2nd congressional district is a United States Congressional district in Western Michigan. From 2003 to 2013 It consisted of the counties of Benzie, Manistee, Wexford, Mason, Lake, Oceana, Newaygo, Muskegon, Ottawa, and the northern portion of Allegan and the northwest portion of Kent. The borders were altered slightly for redistricting in 2012.

The 2nd district has the largest concentration of Dutch-Americans of any congressional district in the country.[1] The district has a Cook PVI of R+7, making it the most Republican district in the state of Michigan. John McCain won the district in 2008 with 51% of the vote, his best performance in any of Michigan's 15 congressional districts.[2] Rep. Hoekstra announced he would not seek re-election to Congress in 2010. Republican Bill Huizenga replaced Hoekstra after winning the 2010 General Election.

Major cities


Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2012 President Romney 56 - 43%
2008 President McCain 51 - 48%
2004 President Bush 60 - 39%
2000 President Bush 59 - 38%
1996 President Dole 50 - 41%
1992 President Bush 45 - 34%


The 2nd congressional district today is largely the same as it was created in 1992. There have been some changes, but it still covers in general the same area.

Prior to the 1992 redistricting the 2nd congressional district was not at all overlapping with the current 2nd congressional district. It covered the northern half to two thirds of Livonia, Northville Township, the Wayne County portion of the city of Northville, Plymouth and Plymouth Township all in Wayne County. It also covered most of Washtenaw County, Michigan but not Ypsilanti, Michigan. The only county entirely in the district was Hillsdale County. Most of Jackson county was in the district, but the some of that county's northern tier townships were in Michigan's 6th congressional district. About half of Lenawee County was in the district, and the far north-east portion of Branch county was also in the district.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1843
Lucius Lyon Democrat March 4, 1843 - March 4, 1845 28th
John Smith Chipman Democrat March 4, 1845 - March 4, 1847 29th
Edward Bradley[3] Democrat March 4, 1847 - August 5, 1847 30th Died
Vacant August 5, 1847 –
December 6, 1847
Charles E. Stuart[3] Democrat December 6, 1847 - March 4, 1849 30th
William Sprague Whig [4] March 4, 1849 - March 4, 1851 31st
Charles E. Stuart Democrat March 4, 1851 - March 4, 1853 32nd
David A. Noble Democrat March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1855 33rd
Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1855 - March 4, 1861 34th-36th
Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1861 - March 4, 1863 37th Redistricted to the 1st district
Charles Upson Republican March 4, 1863 - March 4, 1869 38th-40th
William L. Stoughton Republican March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1873 41st-42nd
Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1873 - March 4, 1877 43rd-44th Redistricted from the 1st district
Edwin Willits Republican March 4, 1877 - March 4, 1883 45th-47th
Nathaniel B. Eldredge Democrat [5] March 4, 1883 - March 4, 1887 48th-49th
Edward P. Allen Republican March 4, 1887 - March 4, 1891 40th-51st
James S. Gorman Democrat March 4, 1891 - March 4, 1895 52nd-53rd
George Spalding Republican March 4, 1895 - March 4, 1899 54th-55th
Henry C. Smith Republican March 4, 1899 - March 4, 1903 56th-57th
Charles E. Townsend Republican March 4, 1903 - March 4, 1911 58th-61st
William Wedemeyer Republican March 4, 1911 - January 2, 1913 62nd Died
Vacant January 2, 1913 –
March 4, 1913
Samuel Beakes Democrat March 4, 1913 - March 4, 1917 63rd-64th
Mark R. Bacon[6] Republican March 4, 1917 - December 13, 1917 65th Lost contested election
Samuel Beakes Democrat December 13, 1917 - March 4, 1919 65th Won contested election
Earl C. Michener Republican March 4, 1919 - March 4, 1933 66th-72nd
John C. Lehr Democrat March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd
Earl C. Michener Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951 74th-81st
George Meader Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1965 82nd-88th
Weston E. Vivian Democrat January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1967 89th
Marvin L. Esch Republican January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1977 90th-94th
Carl D. Pursell Republican January 3, 1977 - January 3, 1993 95th-102nd
Peter Hoekstra Republican January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2011 103rd-111th
Bill Huizenga Republican January 3, 2011 – Present 112th- Incumbent

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Edward Bradley was elected November 3, 1846, but died August 5, 1847 in New York City, while en route to Washington, D.C. to take office; Charles E. Stuart was elected November 2, 1847, to fill the vacancy.
  4. ^ William Sprague was elected on a Free Soil Party ticket and was seated with the Whigs in Congress.
  5. ^ Nathaniel B. Eldredge was elected on a Democratic and Union ticket in 1884 to the 49th Congress.
  6. ^ : In the election of November 7, 1916, official returns showed Mark R. Bacon had won by 49 votes. Although there was no provision in state law at that time for recounting ballots in the election of federal officials, a separate examination of votes in Jackson County revealed that Samuel W. Beakes was entitled to 87 more votes. However, the board of state canvassers and the Michigan Supreme Court refused to allow a recount. Finally, the U.S. House Committee on Elections decided to conduct a recount, which gave Beakes the victory by 132 votes. The committee unanimously reported resolutions to the full House stating that Bacon had not been elected to the seat and was not entitled to it, and that, in fact, Beakes was the elected representative of the district. The House seated Beakes on December 13, 1917.


  • for the 2nd District - Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
  • The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807-2003
  • U.S. Representatives 1837-2003, Michigan Manual 2003-2004
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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