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Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı

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Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı

National Intelligence Organization
Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı
Agency overview
Formed 1965
Preceding Agency Milli Emniyet Hizmeti (MAH)
Jurisdiction Government of Turkey
Employees 5,000 (full-time)[1]
Annual budget Template:Turkish lira 996 million (2013)[2]
Agency executive Hakan Fidan, Undersecretary
Website

The National Intelligence Organization (Turkish: Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı, MİT) is the governmental intelligence organization of Turkey. It was established in 1965 to replace the National Security Service.[3]

According to the former director of Foreign Operations, Yavuz Ataç, the military presence in the organization is negligible.[4] This is a recent development, as the agency has a military heritage. In 1990, the fraction of military personnel was 35%. Today it has dropped to 4.5% in the lower echelons.[1]

A former deputy undersecretary Cevat Öneş said that the MİT suffered with each coup, as the military junta that took over the organization had its own set of priorities.[5]

In order to ensure reliability, the agency has historically recruited from relatives of existing employees.[6] The former undersecretary, Emre Taner, says that this is no longer the case.[7] He is credited with reducing the turf war between the MİT and the police intelligence, as well as infighting inside the MİT itself.[8] Taner announced a restructuring of the MIT at the start of 2009.[9]

The MİT co-operates with American intelligence agencies.[10]

Directorates

Directorate of Psychological Intelligence

This directorate is in charge of psychological intelligence within and outside the country.

Directorate of Electronic and Technical Intelligence

The main duties of this directorate are ELINT (Electronic intelligence) and SIGINT (Signals intelligence) activities. Within the framework of the duties and responsibilities as defined under the law, the MIT is successfully conducting its primary mission of counteracting all electronic and technical attacks against Turkey.

Directorate of Intelligence

The directorate is responsible for determining the information needed on the internal and external elements threatening the national and territorial integrity, the existence, the freedom, the security, the Constitutional order and the institutions of the Republic of Turkey; for passing this need to the operational units; and for disseminating the intelligence produced after assessing the gathered information to the relevant institutions at the right time.

The Directorate of Operations

After the intelligence requirements are determined by the Directorate of Intelligence, the Directorate of Operations will take over. This unit collects information from covert sources in Turkey and abroad for the MIT. The directorate also collects intelligence about organized crimes such as drugs trafficking, money laundering and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, either for terrorist or ideological purposes. In accordance with Law 2937, the MIT's interests include external organizations, financial resources, acts and movements of subversive or separatist elements working against the Constitutional order of the Republic of Turkey. Another duty of the directorate is to prevent the activities of foreign intelligence organizations in Turkey, such as collecting information or manipulating some individuals or groups.[11]

Museum

The Organization owns a non-public Museum of Espionage consisting of a variety of spy equipment, which was revealed once in October 2013.

List of Undersecretaries

Name Took office Left office
1 Avni Kantan July 14, 1965 March 2, 1966
2 Mehmet Fuat Doğu March 2, 1966 March 27, 1971
3 Nurettin Ersin August 2, 1971 July 25, 1973
4 Bülent Türker July 26, 1973 February 27, 1974
5 Bahattin Özülker February 28, 1974 September 26, 1974
6 Bülent Türker September 26, 1974 November 24, 1974
7 Hamza Gürgüç November 25, 1974 July 13, 1978
8 Adnan Ersöz July 13, 1978 November 19, 1979
9 Bülent Türker November 19, 1979 September 7, 1981
10 Burhanettin Bigalı September 7, 1981 August 14, 1986
11 Hayri Ündül September 5, 1986 August 29, 1988
12 Teoman Koman August 29, 1988 August 27, 1992
13 Sönmez Köksal November 9, 1992 February 11, 1998
14 Şenkal Atasagun February 11, 1998 June 11, 2005
15 Emre Taner June 15, 2005 May 26, 2010
16 Hakan Fidan May 26, 2010

References

NMTD TIM (www.nmtd.org) & MIT (www.mit.gov.tr) Web Sites Hakan Fidan Administrator

Further reading

  • (Turkish)

External links

  • Frequently Asked Questions about the MIT
  • Official Web Site about the MIT
  • Team Official Web Site about the MIT & NMTD TIM

Template:National Intelligence Agencies

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