Minerve-class submarine

Class overview
Name: Minerve-class submarines
Builders:
Operators:  French Navy
 Free French Naval Forces
Preceded by:
Succeeded by:
Built: 1931–1938
In commission: 1936–1954
Completed: 6
Lost: 1
Retired: 2
Scrapped: 3 (scuttled)
General characteristics [1][2]
Type: Submarine
Displacement: 662 long tons (673 t) surfaced
856 long tons (870 t) submerged
Length: 68.1 m (223 ft 5 in)
Beam: 5.6 m (18 ft 4 in)
Draught: 4 m (13 ft 1 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Vickers-Normand diesel engines, 1,800 bhp (1,342 kW)
2 × Electric motors, 1,230 shp (917 kW)
Speed: 14.2 knots (26.3 km/h; 16.3 mph) surfaced
9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) submerged
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km; 2,300 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
85 nmi (157 km; 98 mi) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
Test depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Complement: 42
Armament:

Minerve class submarines were a class of submarines built for the French Navy prior to World War II.

The class were based on the French Admiralty 630 series design, but with more power and better armament. The class had six internal 550 mm torpedo tubes (four in the bow and two in the stern) and three 400 mm tubes mounted externally on a moveable triple mount.

Minerve and Junon were seized by the British in July 1940, following the battle of France, and handed over to the Free French Forces in September the same year, and served throughout the war. Minerve was wrecked off Chesil Beach in September 1945, while Junon returned to France and served until 1954.

The other four boats remained under Vichy control until November 1942 when, following the German occupation, Pallas and Céres were scuttled at Oran, and Vénus scuttled at Toulon, while Iris sailed for the neutral port of Cartagena, Spain, and was interned there until after the end of the war. She was returned to France in November 1945, and remained in service until 1950.

Submarines of the class

Built : Arsenal de Cherbourg, Cherbourg
Laid down : 17 August 1931
Launched : 23 October 1934
Commissioned : 15 September 1936
Fate : Wrecked, 19 September 1945
Built : Chantiers et Ateliers Normand, Le Havre
Laid down : 9 June 1932
Launched : 15 September 1935
Commissioned : 20 September 1937
Decommissioned : 6 December 1954
Fate : Scrapped, 1960[5]
Built : Chantiers Worms, Rouen
Laid down : 27 June 1932
Launched : 6 April 1935
Commissioned : 15 November 1936
Fate : Scuttled at Toulon, 27 November 1942
Built : Ateliers et Chantiers Dubigeon, Nantes
Laid down : 1 July 1932
Launched : 23 September 1934
Commissioned : 15 September 1936
Fate : Struck, 1 February 1950
Built : Chantiers et Ateliers Normand, Le Havre
Laid down : 19 October 1936
Launched : 25 August 1938
Commissioned : 12 June 1939
Fate : Scuttled at Oran, 9 November 1942
  • Céres (Q190)[9]
Built : Chantiers Worms, Rouen
Laid down : 8 August 1936
Launched : 9 December 1938
Commissioned : 15 July 1939
Fate : Scuttled at Oran, 9 November 1942

See also

References


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.