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Minister of Finance (Canada)

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Minister of Finance (Canada)

Minister of Finance of Canada
Incumbent
Joe Oliver

since March 19, 2014
Department of Finance
Style The Honourable
Member of
Appointer Governor General of Canada
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder Alexander Galt
Formation 1 July 1867
Website www.fin.gc.ca


The Minister of Finance (French: Ministre des Finances) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible each year for presenting the federal government's budget. It is one of the most important positions in the Cabinet.

Because of the prominence and responsibility on this cabinet position, it is not uncommon for former Finance Ministers to be elected Prime Minister. Paul Martin (Prime Minister of Canada prior to Stephen Harper) was the fifth Prime Minister who was previously a finance minister; the others were Sir Charles Tupper, R.B. Bennett, John Turner, and Jean Chrétien.

The current Minister of Finance is Joe Oliver.

Responsibilities

In addition to being the head of the Department of Finance, the Minister is also the government’s lead in overseeing the:

List of Ministers

Key:



No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1 Alexander Galt July 1, 1867 November 7, 1867 Liberal-Conservative 1 (Macdonald)
2 Sir John Rose November 18, 1867 September 30, 1869 Liberal-Conservative
3 Sir Francis Hincks October 9, 1869 February 21, 1873 Liberal-Conservative
4 Samuel Leonard Tilley
(1st time)
February 22, 1873 November 5, 1873 Liberal-Conservative
5 Richard John Cartwright November 7, 1873 October 16, 1878 Liberal 2 (Mackenzie)
(4) Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley
(2nd time)
October 17, 1878 November 11, 1885 Liberal-Conservative 3 (Macdonald)
VACANT November 11, 1885 December 10, 1885
6 Archibald McLelan December 10, 1885 January 27, 1887 Conservative (historical)
7 Sir Charles Tupper January 27, 1887 May 22, 1888 Conservative (historical)
8 George Foster
(1st time)
May 29, 1888 June 6, 1891 Conservative (historical)
June 16, 1891 November 24, 1892 4 (Abbott)
December 5, 1892 December 12, 1894 5 (Thompson)
December 21, 1894 January 6, 1896 6 (Bowell)
Sir Mackenzie Bowell
(Acting)
January 6, 1896 January 15, 1896 Conservative (historical)
(8) George Foster
(2nd time)
January 15, 1896 April 27, 1896 Conservative (historical)
May 1, 1896 July 8, 1896 7 (Tupper)
VACANT July 8, 1896 July 20, 1896 8 (Laurier)
9 William Stevens Fielding
(1st time)
July 20, 1896 October 6, 1911 Liberal
10 Sir Thomas White October 10, 1911 August 2, 1919 Conservative (historical) 910 (Borden)
11 Sir Henry Drayton
(1st time)
August 2, 1919 July 10, 1920 Conservative (historical)
July 10, 1920 December 29, 1921 11 (Meighen)
(9) William Stevens Fielding
(2nd time)
December 29, 1921 September 5, 1925 Liberal 12 (King)
12 James Robb
(1st time)
September 5, 1925 June 29, 1926 Liberal
Sir Henry Drayton
(2nd time; Acting)
June 29, 1926 July 13, 1926 Conservative (historical) 13 (Meighen)
13 Richard Bedford Bennett
(1st time)
July 13, 1926 September 25, 1926 Conservative (historical)
(12) James Robb
(2nd time)
September 25, 1926 November 11, 1929 Liberal 14 (King)
14 Charles Avery Dunning November 26, 1929 August 7, 1930 Liberal
(13) Richard Bedford Bennett
(2nd time)
August 7, 1930 February 2, 1932 Conservative (historical) 15 (Bennett)
15 Edgar Nelson Rhodes February 3, 1932 October 24, 1935 Conservative (historical)
(14) Charles Avery Dunning
(2nd time)
October 24, 1935 September 6, 1939 Liberal 16 (King)
16 James Ralston September 6, 1939 July 4, 1940 Liberal
17 James Lorimer Ilsley July 8, 1940 December 10, 1946 Liberal
18 Douglas Abbott December 10, 1946 November 15, 1948 Liberal
November 15, 1948 June 30, 1954 17 (St. Laurent)
19 Walter Harris July 1, 1954 June 21, 1957 Liberal
20 Donald Fleming June 21, 1957 August 9, 1962 Progressive Conservative 18 (Diefenbaker)
21 George Nowlan August 9, 1962 April 22, 1963 Progressive Conservative
22 Walter L. Gordon April 22, 1963 November 11, 1965 Liberal 19 (Pearson)
23 Mitchell Sharp November 11, 1965
(Acting until Dec.18)
April 20, 1968 Liberal
24 Edgar Benson April 20, 1968 January 28, 1972 Liberal 20 (P. Trudeau)
25 John Turner January 28, 1972 September 10, 1975 Liberal
Bud Drury
(Acting)
September 10, 1975 September 26, 1975 Liberal
26 Donald Stovel Macdonald September 26, 1975 September 16, 1977 Liberal
27 Jean Chrétien September 16, 1977 June 4, 1979 Liberal
28 John Crosbie June 4, 1979 March 3, 1980 Progressive Conservative 21 (Clark)
29 Allan MacEachen March 3, 1980 September 10, 1982 Liberal 22 (P. Trudeau)
30 Marc Lalonde September 10, 1982 June 30, 1984 Liberal
June 30, 1984 September 17, 1984 23 (Turner)
31 Michael Wilson September 17, 1984 April 21, 1991 Progressive Conservative 24 (Mulroney)
32 Don Mazankowski April 21, 1991 June 25, 1993 Progressive Conservative
33 Gilles Loiselle June 25, 1993 November 4, 1993 Progressive Conservative 25 (Campbell)
34 Paul Martin November 4, 1993 June 2, 2002 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)
35 John Manley June 2, 2002 December 12, 2003 Liberal
36 Ralph Goodale December 12, 2003 February 6, 2006 Liberal 27 (Martin)
37 Jim Flaherty February 6, 2006 March 18, 2014 Conservative 28 (Harper)
38 Joe Oliver March 19, 2014 November 4, 2015 Conservative
39 TBD TBD November 4, 2015 present Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)

See also

External links

  • Department of Finance Canada
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