World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mo Brooks


Mo Brooks

Mo Brooks
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded by Parker Griffith
Madison County District 5 Commissioner
In office
Preceded by Rob Colson
Succeeded by Phil Riddick
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 10th District
In office
Preceded by James C. Haney[1]
Succeeded by Tom Drake[2]
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 18th District[3]
In office
Preceded by Charlie Britnell
Succeeded by Frank Riddick
Personal details
Born Morris Jackson Brooks, Jr.
(1954-04-29) April 29, 1954
Charleston, South Carolina
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Martha Jenkins Brooks (1976-present)
Children Four children
Residence Huntsville, Alabama
Alma mater Duke University,
University of Alabama School of Law
Occupation Politician
Religion Non-denominational Christian
(attends Mormon services, baptised Mormon)

Morris Jackson "Mo" Brooks, Jr.[4] (born April 29, 1954) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Alabama's 5th congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party.


  • Early life, education, and legal career 1
  • Early political career 2
  • U.S. House of Representatives 3
    • Elections 3.1
    • Tenure 3.2
      • Abortion and stem cell research 3.2.1
      • Economy 3.2.2
      • Foreign policy 3.2.3
      • Health care 3.2.4
      • Illegal immigration 3.2.5
      • "War on Whites" 3.2.6
      • NSA 3.2.7
      • Regulatory reform 3.2.8
      • Sanctuary city 3.2.9
      • Statements on Socialism 3.2.10
      • Technology 3.2.11
    • Committee assignments 3.3
  • Electoral history 4
  • Personal life 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life, education, and legal career

Brooks was born in 1954 in Charleston, South Carolina,[5] and moved to Huntsville, Alabama, in 1963. His mother, Betty J. (Noland) Brooks, taught economics and government for over twenty years at Lee High School, while he attended Grissom High School. His father, Morris Jackson "Jack" Brooks, was raised in Chattanooga, Tennessee,[6] and worked as an electrical engineer before retiring from Redstone Arsenal's Meteorology Center.[7] They still live in Madison County, Alabama.[8]

Brooks graduated from Grissom High School in 1972. He graduated from Duke University in three years with a double major in political science and economics, with honors in economics.[9] Brooks later graduated from the University of Alabama School of Law in 1978.[10]

Brooks started his legal career with the Tuscaloosa District Attorney’s office. Brooks left the Tuscaloosa District Attorney’s office in 1980 to return to Huntsville as a

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Parker Griffith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district

January 3, 2011 – present
Succeeded by
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Diane Black
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Larry Bucshon

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Guide to the New Congress".  
  6. ^ Khan, Naureen (October 13, 2010). "Mo Brooks (R)".  
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b Brooks, Morris (November 2, 2010). "Morris J. "Mo" Brooks, Jr. Biography". Madison County Commission. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Mo Brooks Biography". Mo Brooks Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ Martindale-Hubbell law directory and Karl W. Leo
  12. ^ 
  13. ^ Cillizza, Chris (June 2, 2010). "Party switcher Parker Griffith, Rep. Artur Davis lose in Alabama primaries".  
  14. ^ Stephens, Challen (2010-06-01). "Parker Griffith concedes: It's Mo Brooks vs. Steve Raby".  
  15. ^ Blandin, Venton (June 2, 2010). "Mo Brooks Wins Alabama's 5th District Congressional Primary Race".  
  16. ^ Stephens, Challen (August 25, 2010). "Times Watchdog Report: National Republicans back Mo Brooks, Democrats undeclared on Steve Raby".  
  17. ^ Sabato, Larry; Issac Wood (2010-08-28). "Alabama (05) House 2010".  
  18. ^ Cook, Charlie (November 2, 2010). "House".  
  19. ^ "Alabama 5th District – Brooks vs. Raby".  
  20. ^ "Alabama – 5th District".  
  21. ^ Rothenberg, Stuart (November 1, 2010). "House Ratings".  
  22. ^ "Alabama 5th District Profile".  
  23. ^ Silver, Nate (October 20, 2010). "FiveThirtyEight Forecasts Alabama 5th District".  
  24. ^ a b Chapman, Beth (June 11, 2010). "2010 Election Information, Primary Election – June 1, 2010, Election Results – Republican Primary (Excel file; 6/11//2010)".  
  25. ^
  26. ^ "Candidates endorsed by Eagle Forum PAC, October 31, 2012". Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  27. ^
  28. ^ "2012 Vote Rankings".  
  29. ^ Gattis, Paul (October 16, 2013). "'"Rep. Mo Brooks says he will vote against Senate deal, calls it 'financially irresponsible.  
  30. ^ Galloway, Drew (October 16, 2013). "Shelby, Sessions, Brooks, Aderholt, Roby Vote Against Bill to Lift Shutdown, Raise Debt Ceiling".  
  31. ^ Lowrey, Annie (November 8, 2013). "White House Puts Price on Government Shutdown".  
  32. ^ a b "Mo Brooks on Abortion". On the Issues. Retrieved July 3, 2011. 
  33. ^ a b c Delinski, Bernie (June 30, 2011). "Brooks: Economy biggest issue".  
  34. ^ a b c "Seniors' Issues". Mo Brooks for Congress. Retrieved July 3, 2011. 
  35. ^ a b c Lawson, Brian (June 12, 2011). "U.S. Rep. Mo Brooks warns government has dire financial problems". The Huntsville Times. Retrieved July 1, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Public Notes on 10-CC-q6". On the Issues. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  37. ^ "Mo Brooks on Social Security". On the Issues. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  38. ^ a b c d e f "Mo Brooks on Health Care". On the Issues. On the Issues. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  39. ^ "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved November 30, 2011. 
  40. ^ a b c d Kesner, Keith (September 17, 2011). "Mo Brooks warns of threat to nation from deficits, says Obama employment plan a 'kill jobs' bill". The Huntsville TImes. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Leading Employers Huntsville/Madison County". Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  42. ^
  43. ^ a b Brooks, Mo. "6/24/2011, Congressman Brooks' Statement on Libya". Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  44. ^ "H.R. 2548 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  45. ^ a b Gattis, Paul (27 February 2014). "U.S.Rep Brooks: Keep American tax dollars in America, not Africa". Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  46. ^ "Endorsements". - Pledge to DeFund Obamacare!. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  47. ^ a b c "Mo Brooks on Immigration". On the Issues. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  48. ^ "8 million undocumented workers, 500,000 young immigrants should be deported, Rep. Mo Brooks tells MSNBC host". Retrieved August 3, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Freshman Rep. Mo Brooks Co-Sponsors 14 Immigration-Reduction Bills". Congress Watch. NumbersUSA. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  50. ^ a b Blandin, Venton (June 29, 2011). "Congressman Mo Brooks Makes Strong Comments on Illegal Immigration Law". Retrieved July 1, 2011. 
  51. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (5 August 2014). "GOP lawmaker: Don’t allow people who came to US illegally in the military". The Hill. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  52. ^ Weigel, David. """Why Is This Republican Congressman Worried About a "War on Whites. Slate. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  53. ^ Capehart, Jonathan. "Rep. Mo Brooks talks ‘war on whites’ as the GOP loses the battle for votes". The Washington Post. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  54. ^ Chalit, Joanathan. "Republican Denounces ‘War on Whites’". The New Yorker. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  55. ^ Gattis, Paul. "'"Rep. Mo Brooks: Democrats 'dividing America by race' in 'waging a war on whites. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  56. ^ Durando, Jessica. "'"Rep. Brooks: GOP is part of 'a war on whites. USA Today. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  57. ^ Jackson, Dale (August 1, 2013). "Congressman Mo Brooks’ response to constituents questions on NSA vote and programs…". Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  58. ^ Sonmez, Felicia (December 7, 2011). "REINS bill to expand congressional power over executive regulations passed by House".  
  59. ^ "FreedomWatch Scorecard". 
  60. ^ a b c Orndorff, May (April 16, 2011). "US Rep. Mo Brooks retracts 'socialist' remark". The Birmingham News. Retrieved July 1, 2011. 
  61. ^ "Mo Brooks on Technology". On the Issues. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  62. ^ "Vote number 11-HV192 terminating funding for National Public Radio on Mar 17, 2011 regarding bill H.1076 Prohibit Federal Funds for NPR Results: Passed 228-192". On the Issues. On the Issues. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  63. ^ "H.R.1076". Bill Summary & Status 112th Congress (2011 - 2012). The Library of Congress. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  64. ^ a b Chapman, Beth. "AL Secretary of State". Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  65. ^ "Mo Brooks' Biography". Project Vote Samrth. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  66. ^ Brooks, Mo. Parker Griffith Attacks Mo Brooks With False “Push Polling”.


Brooks met Martha Jenkins of Toledo, Ohio, at Duke University. They were married in 1976. Martha graduated from the University of Alabama with a degree in accounting. In 2004, Martha attended the University of Alabama in Huntsville for a degree in teaching and currently teaches math at Whitesburg Middle School in Huntsville.[65] They have four children, three granddaughters, and two grandsons.[8] Brooks joined the LDS Church in 1978, and though he still attends Mormon services with his wife, he considers himself a non-denominational Christian.[66]

Personal life

Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 115,212 75%
Independent Mark Bray 38,830 25%
Alabama Republican Primary, 5th Congressional District, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 49,117 80.3%
Republican Jerry Hill 12,038 19.7%
Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2012[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks (I) 188,924 65.04%
Democratic Charlie Holley 101,536 34.96%
Alabama Republican Primary, 5th Congressional District, 2012[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks (I) 65,123 70.94%
Republican Parker Griffith 26,680 29.06%
Alabama 5th Congressional District Election, 2010[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 130,927 57.9%
Democratic Steve Raby 95,078 42.1%
Alabama Republican Primary, 5th Congressional District, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 35,746 50.81%
Republican Parker Griffith(I) 23,525 33.44%
Republican Les Phillip 11,085 15.76%

Electoral history

Committee assignments

Brooks voted yes on terminating funding for NPR.[61][62][63]


Afterwards, Brooks stated that he did not regret his initial remark and that he thought those who objected to his comment, particularly those within the Democratic Party, were "thin-skinned."[60] He stated, "People could quite clearly infer that socialism is what the other guys are promoting."[60]

In April 2011, Brooks stated, during a congressional speech, "Folks, we are here today forcing this issue because America is at risk. We are at risk of insolvency and bankruptcy because the socialist members of this body choose to spend money that we do not have." After Brooks made this remark, Democratic Congressman Keith Ellison asked that Brooks' comments be "taken down." This request forced Brooks to either have the comment stricken from the record or defend the remark and wait until later in the day for a formal ruling over whether or not the comment was inappropriate. Brooks chose to have the remark withdrawn before he continued with his speech. Ellison accepted the withdrawal.[60]

Statements on Socialism

Brooks said Birmingham, a city where Alabama's strict immigration law has been criticized, needed to prepare to spend more money if it wants to be a sanctuary city for illegal immigrants. He told Blandin, "They need to start picking up the tab that American citizens are having to pick up. If Birmingham wants to be a sanctuary city, or wants to head in that direction, that is their decision. They are absolutely wrong."[50]

Sanctuary city

According to a survey by the Christian Coalition, Brooks is also opposed to the idea of government-run health care.[38] He voted yes on repealing the Prevention and Public Health Fund in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[38]

In December 2011, Brooks voted in support of H.R. 10, the "Regulations from the Executive In Need of Scrutiny Act," which would have required Congressional approval for any "major regulations" issued by the executive branch but, unlike the 1996 Congressional Review Act, would not require the president's signature or override of a probable presidential veto.[58][59]

Regulatory reform

Brooks supports the right for the NSA to collect telephone data on Americans, saying its potential to thwart terrorist attacks outweighs potential infringements on privacy.[57]


Two days after the original comment, Brooks expanded also stated that the Republican Party was involved in a war on whites.[56]

On August 4, 2014 Brooks went on The Laura Ingraham Show and Ingraham played Brooks a clip of Ron Fournier warning that the Republican Party could not survive as the "party of white people." Brooks responded: "Well, this is a part of the war on whites that’s being launched by the Democratic Party... And the way in which they’re launching this war is by claiming that whites hate everybody else. It's part of the strategy that Barack Obama implemented in 2008, continued in 2012, where he divides us all on race, on sex, creed, envy, class warfare, all those kinds of things." The comment drew considerable comments and controversy.[52][53] For example, The New Yorker stated: "White reactionaries in the 19th century imagined that abolishing slavery would turn white people themselves into slaves, and the concept of white subjugation was transferred into such things as black suffrage, civil rights, and so on. The war on whites has raged continuously in the right-wing mind for more than two centuries."[54] When asked about the comment later that day, Brooks repeated the claim of a war on whites, stating: "In effect, what the Democrats are doing with their dividing America by race is they are waging a war on whites and I find that repugnant"[55]

"War on Whites"

In a radio interview with the Will Anderson Radio Show, Brooks stated his opposition to undocumented immigrants serving in the military, saying, “These individuals have to be absolutely 100 percent loyal and trustworthy, as best as we can make them, ‘cause they’re gonna have access to all sorts of military weaponry — even to the point of having access to weapons of mass destruction like our nuclear arsenal. And I’m gonna have much greater faith in the loyalty of an American citizen than a person who is a citizen of a foreign nation.”[51]

On June 29, 2011, in an interview with reporter Venton Blandin of WHNT-TV, Brooks was asked by Blandin to repeat what he had previously stated at a town hall meeting about illegal immigrants. Brooks repeated his previous statement, saying, "As your congressman on the House floor, I will do anything short of shooting them. Anything that is lawful, it needs to be done because illegal aliens need to quit taking jobs from American citizens." [50]

Brooks has co-sponsored 14 immigration-reducing bills since taking office in January 2011.[49] Brooks also has stated that he feels Congress will probably do nothing about illegal immigration in the coming years.[35]

Brooks has been endorsed by Americans for Legal Immigration (ALI),[47] a political action committee (or PAC).

Brooks is opposed to allowing illegal immigrants to remain in the United States. As part of his 2010 campaign, he advocated getting the federal government "out of the way so state and local governments can help solve the problem."[34][47] He also advocated making it "unprofitable" for employers to hire illegal immigrants over American citizens.[47] In an interview in 2014, he stated that "8 million undocumented workers, 500,000 young immigrants should be deported".[48]

Illegal immigration

[38] Brooks co-sponsored H.R. 127, which would have removed all funding from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, and any amendments made by either act.[46] Brooks is opposed to the

Health care

Brooks opposed the Electrify Africa Act of 2013 (H.R. 2548; 113th Congress), a bill that would direct the President to establish a multiyear strategy to assist countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop an appropriate mix of power solutions to provide sufficient electricity access to people living in rural and urban areas in order to alleviate poverty and drive economic growth.[44][45] At a meeting of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Brooks said "American taxpayers spend more than $40 billion per year on foreign aid... Given America's out-of-control deficits and accumulated debt that threaten our economic future, I cannot justify American taxpayers building power plants and transmission lines in Africa with money we do not have, will have to borrow to get, and cannot afford to pay back."[45]
He also has expressed his disapproval over NATO military actions in Libya that the United States has been involved in. He has stated, "I reject the president’s position that the way to prevent Libyans from killing Libyans is by Americans killing Libyans."[43] He voted against H.R. 2278 and, after voting, released this statement: "We should be out of Libya altogether, and not voting piecemeal on parts of the operation. While this bill excludes some operations in Libya, it approves many others. The lesson from Vietnam is that the one sure way to lose a war is by fighting it half-way."[43]

Brooks believes that "we cannot continue to be the world police."[33] He has expressed disappointment that the U.S. military didn't leave Afghanistan immediately after the death of Osama bin Laden on May 1, 2011.[33]

Foreign policy

In 2010 Brooks signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity to not vote for any Global Warming legislation that would raise taxes.[42]

The federal government is the largest employer in Brooks' district.[41]

While at a monthly breakfast meeting of the Madison County Republican Men's Club, Brooks referred to the jobs bill proposed by President Obama as the "Obama 'kill jobs' bill."[40] He told the crowd that it adds to the debt, promotes "frivolous lawsuits," and creates new government agencies.[40] He challenged the president's promotion of the bill saying, "If Barack Obama is serious about jobs, how about repealing Obamacare, dealing with illegal immigration and urging the Democrat-controlled Senate to pass pro-jobs bills that have already cleared in the House."[40] At the same meeting, Brooks compared the recession of 2008 (and its after effects) with the Great Depression, saying that the problems associated with the Great Depression are "a cakewalk compared to what can happen to our country if we don't start acting responsibly in Washington, D.C., to try to get this deficit under control."[40] Brooks believes that if the national debt of the United States continues to grow, the damage done to the nation will be catastrophic.

Brooks is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform’s Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[39] Brooks supports the Fair Tax proposal.[35]

Brooks supports reforming Social Security,[34][35] including allowing individuals to invest some of their Social Security money in private retirement accounts.[36][37] Brooks stated that he does not support the full privatization of Social Security, "because the stock market and many other investments are simply too volatile."[34] Brooks also supports the plan proposed by Paul Ryan to shift Medicare from a publicly run program to one that is managed by private insurers.[38]

Brooks believes that the economy is the sole issue for Congress. He stated: "Financial issues overshadow everything else going on in Washington. That one set of issues is sucking everything else out of the room.”[33]


Representative Brooks opposes abortion and any stem cell research that uses human embryos.[32] Brooks co-sponsored the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act, which would have ended federal funding for Planned Parenthood.[32]

Abortion and stem cell research

Brooks is one of the most conservative members of congress. In 2012, the National Journal ranked him as the 75th most conservative member of the U.S. House of Representatives.[28] His district is home to Redstone Arsenal and Marshall Space Flight Center and relies on Federal funding for many of the jobs in the area. Brooks supported the government shutdown of 2013[29] which left many of his constituents without pay for 12 workdays, but who were paid for the time off 15 days later. Brooks voted against the House majority leader and the successful deal to end the shutdown,[30] which, by the time it was resolved, had cost 6.6 million work days, $2 billion in back pay, and 120,000 private sector jobs, according to a White House report.[31]


In January 2012, Griffith filed for a rematch against Brooks in the Republican primary. He said of the incumbent "We'll contrast my time in Congress with my opponent's time in Congress. The distinction is clear, he has wandered away from many of the issues people want us to address."[25] Brooks carries the support of Phyllis Schlafly's Eagle Forum political action committee.[26] Brooks defeated Griffith in the rematch 71%-29%, a landslide margin of 42 points. Brooks won all five of the counties.[27] Griffith ran four points worse than he had in the 2010 primary.


In the general election, Brooks defeated Democratic nominee Steve Raby 58%-42%.[24] He became the first freshman Republican to represent this district since Reconstruction.

Brooks was named a "Young Gun" by the Republican National Committee in 2010.[16] Larry Sabato, Charlie Cook, and Real Clear Politics rated this race "Likely Republican".[17][18][19] CQPolitics, Stuart Rothenberg, and the New York Times rated the race "Safe Republican".[20][21][22] Nate Silver in the New York Times blog predicted that there was a 94.1% chance that Brooks would defeat Raby.[23]

Brooks won the Republican primary, receiving 51% of the vote, defeating incumbent Parker Griffith (33%) and conservative activist Les Phillip (16%).[13][14][15]



U.S. House of Representatives

In 1996, Brooks ran for the Madison County Commission and unseated an 8-year incumbent Republican. He was reelected to the Commission in 2000, 2004, and 2008. [12]

In 1995–1996, Brooks was appointed special assistant attorney general for Attorney General Jeff Sessions. From 1996 to 2002, he was special assistant attorney general for Attorney General Bill Pryor.

In 1991, Brooks was appointed Madison County District Attorney. In 1992, he ran for the office, but lost to Democrat Tim Morgan; a Republican had not been elected to the office since the Reconstruction era.

In 1982, Brooks was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives and was subsequently re-elected in 1983, 1986, and 1990. While in the legislature, Brooks was elected Republican House Caucus Chairman three times.

Early political career


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.