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Mokoliʻi

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Title: Mokoliʻi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, North Koolaupoko, Hawaii, Kualoa Ranch, Kualoa Airfield
Collection: Geography of Honolulu County, Hawaii, Islands of Hawaii, Stacks (Geology)
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Mokoliʻi

Mokoliʻi
Nickname: Chinaman's Hat
Geography
Location Oahu, Hawaii
Coordinates
Area 12.5 acres (5.1 ha)
Highest elevation 206 ft (62.8 m)
Country
USA

Mokoliʻi, also known as Chinaman's Hat, is a basalt islet in Kāne'ohe Bay, Hawaii. Mokoliʻi is part of Kualoa Regional Park and located 13 mile (0.54 km) offshore of Kualoa Point, Oahu. The 12.5-acre (5.1 ha) islet was at one time part of a basaltic ridge on Oahu before marine erosion separated it.[1]

Mokolii as seen from the shore of Kualoa Beach Park

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Flora and Fauna 2
  • Access 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Etymology

Mokoliʻi translates from Hawaiian as "little lizard." According to Hawaiian mythology, the island is the remains of a Giant Lizard's or Dragon's tail that was chopped off and tossed into the ocean by the goddess Hiʻiaka.[2] (Note there are no lizards native to Hawaii.) The common name of Chinaman's Hat derives from its likeness to the conical Asian hat.[2]

Flora and Fauna

Both wildlife and plants of Mokolii have been effected by the presence of non-native species, in particular the black rat and yellow crazy ant. Although other species of birds previously nested there, the Wedge-tailed Shearwater is the only species of bird that nests on Mokolii. 72 species of plants have been identified, the majority of which are invasive non-native species. Native plants thrive in the coastal margins and include ahu awa (Cyperus javanicus), naupaka (Scaevola taccada), and ilima (Sida fallax).[3] Invasive plants which dominate the slopes are Lantana camara, Spanish needles (Bidens alba var. radiata), and Christmasberry.[3] The island was designated as a critical habitat for Carter’s panicgrass (Panicum fauriei var. carteri) by the U.S. Department of Fish and Wildlife Service (DOFAW) in 1983.[1] In 2002, the DOFAW initiated a program to eradicate rats from Mokolii.[3]

Access

Mokoliʻi is owned by the City and County of Honolulu and is protected by state and federal park regulations. It is open to the public from dawn to dusk. It can be accessed by kayak, boat, surfboard, or by swimming, or wading at low tide.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "Mokolii". Offshore Islet Restoration Committee. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Pacific Islands Office. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Clark, John A. (November 1, 2004). Beaches of Oahu. A Latitude 20 Book (Revised ed.). University of Hawaii Press. pp. 79–80.  
  3. ^ a b c Starr, Forest; Kim Starr (2006). "Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey". Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources. pp. 49–50. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Chinaman's Hat - Kaaawa, Hawaii - Secluded Beach and Great Views on Mokolii Island". citydata.com. 

External links

  • Mokolii Island on Google Maps As of 15 July 2011
  • Mokolii Island on Yahoo! Maps As of 27 May 2007
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