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Monarchy in Prince Edward Island

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Title: Monarchy in Prince Edward Island  
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Subject: Monarchy in the Canadian provinces, Government House (Prince Edward Island), Queen's Bench, Monarchy in Manitoba, Monarchy in New Brunswick
Collection: Monarchy in Canada, Politics of Prince Edward Island
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Monarchy in Prince Edward Island

Queen in Right of Prince Edward Island


Style Her Majesty
First monarch Victoria
Formation 1 July 1873
Residence Government House, Charlottetown

By the arrangements of the Canadian federation, the Canadian monarchy operates in Prince Edward Island as the core of the province's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.[1] As such, the Crown within Prince Edward Island's jurisdiction is referred to as the Crown in Right of Prince Edward Island,[2] Her Majesty in Right of Prince Edward Island,[3] or the Queen in Right of Prince Edward Island.[4] The Constitution Act, 1867, however, leaves many royal duties in Prince Edward Island specifically assigned to the sovereign's viceroy, the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island,[1] whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy.[5]

Contents

  • Constitutional monarchy in Prince Edward Island 1
    • Royal associations 1.1
  • History 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Constitutional monarchy in Prince Edward Island

The role of the Crown is both legal and practical; it functions in Prince Edward Island in the same way it does in all of Canada's other provinces, being the centre of a constitutional construct in which the institutions of government acting under the sovereign's authority share the power of the whole.[6] It is thus the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the province's government.[7] The Canadian monarch—since 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II—is represented and her duties carried out by the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island, whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy, with most related powers entrusted for exercise by the elected parliamentarians, the ministers of the Crown generally drawn from amongst them, and the judges and justices of the peace.[5] The Crown today primarily functions as a guarantor of continuous and stable governance and a nonpartisan safeguard against the abuse of power.[5][8][9] This arrangement began with an 1873 Order in Council by Queen Victoria and continued an unbroken line of monarchical government extending back to the early 16th century.[10] However, though Prince Edward Island has a separate government headed by the Queen, as a province, Prince Edward Island is not itself a kingdom.[11]

Government House in Charlottetown is owned by the sovereign in her capacity as Queen in Right of Prince Edward Island, and is used as an official residence oth by the lieutenant governor and the sovereign and other members of the Canadian Royal Family will reside there when in Prince Edward Island.

Royal associations

Those in the Royal Family the patronage of a member of the Royal Family. Examples include the Central Agricultural Society, which was under the patronage of Albert, Prince Consort after 1843.[14]

The main symbol of the monarchy is the sovereign herself, her image (in portrait or effigy) thus being used to signify government authority.[15] A royal cypher or crown may also illustrate the monarchy as the locus of authority, without referring to any specific monarch. Further, though the monarch does not form a part of the constitutions of Prince Edward Island's honours, they do stem from the Crown as the fount of honour, and so bear on the insignia symbols of the sovereign.

History

Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, in 1864, four years after he visited Prince Edward Island, making him the first royal to do so

What is today Prince Edward Island was discovered and claimed by

  • "Prince Edward visits his island". The Guardian. 12 October 2007. 
  • "Royal couple wraps up trip to Prince Edward Island". CBC. 10 November 2000. 

External links

  1. ^ a b  
  2. ^  
  3. ^  
  4. ^  
  5. ^ a b c  
  6. ^ Cox, Noel (September 2002). "Black v Chrétien: Suing a Minister of the Crown for Abuse of Power, Misfeasance in Public Office and Negligence". Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law (Perth: Murdoch University) 9 (3): 12. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  7. ^  
  8. ^  
  9. ^ MacLeod 2008, p. 20
  10. ^  
  11. ^  
  12. ^ Palmer, Sean;  
  13. ^ Palmer, Sean;  
  14. ^ Campbell, Duncan (1875). History of Prince Edward Island. Charlottetown: Bremner Brothers. p. 98. Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  15. ^ MacKinnon, Frank (1976), The Crown in Canada, Calgary: Glenbow-Alberta Institute, p. 69,  
  16. ^ Campbell 1875, p. 2
  17. ^ Campbell 1875, pp. 10–11
  18. ^ Campbell 1875, p. 19
  19. ^ Campbell 1875, p. 54
  20. ^ Campbell 1875, p. 56
  21. ^ Campbell 1875, p. 97
  22. ^ Campbell 1875, p. 101

References

See also

Queen Elizabeth II attended the 100th anniversary of Prince Edward Island's entry into Confederation.

Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1794 and, while he never visited Saint John Island, he, as Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in North America, ordered that new barracks be built in Charlottetown and defences constructed to protect the harbour.[19] Recognising the Prince's interest in the island, its legislature passed a bill on 1 February 1799 that changed the colony's name in honour of Edward.[20] By 1843 construction of Province House was begun, and the laying of the cornerstone was followed by a Royal Salute and three cheers for Queen Victoria.[21] Not four years later, the Legislative Assembly adopted an address to the Queen, asking for the establishment of responsible government in the colony, and the request was soon thereafter granted.[22]

[18] but, after Edgemont again presented his petition in 1767, the King this time approved. On 19 July 1769, Saint John Island was separated from the jurisdiction of Nova Scotia and became its own colony of the British Crown.[17]

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