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Muhammad Mansur Ali

Muhammad Mansur Ali
মোঃ মনসুর আলী
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
In office
25 January 1975 – 15 August 1975
President Mujibur Rahman
Preceded by Mujibur Rahman
Succeeded by Mashiur Rahman (Acting)
Personal details
Born 16 January 1917
Kuripara, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now Sirajganj, Bangladesh)
Died 3 November 1975 (aged 55–56)
Political party Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League (1975)
Other political
affiliations
All-India Muslim League (Before 1949)
Awami League (1949–1975)
Alma mater Maulana Azad College
Aligarh Muslim University
Religion Islam

Muhammad Mansur Ali (Bengali: মোঃ মনসুর আলী; 1919 – November 3, 1975) was a Bangladeshi politician who was a close confidante of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding leader of Bangladesh. A senior leader of the Awami League, Mansur also served as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh in 1975.[1]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Political career 2
  • Bangladeshi leader 3
  • Death 4
  • References 5

Early life

M. Monsur Ali was born on 16 January 1917 at a remote village name kuripara of Sirajgonj district.[2]

Muhammad Mansur Ali was born in the village of Kuripara, in the Sirajgonj Thana of Sirajganj District in the province of Bengal (now in Bangladesh). Mansur pursued his education in Kolkata (then Calcutta), graduating from the Islamia College (now Maulana Azad College). He would pursue a M.A. degree in economics and law from the Aligarh Muslim University, the premier Islamic institution in India. During this period Mansur became an active member of the Muslim League, which under Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. A student leader, Mansur worked actively for the League throughout Bengal. He served as the vice-president of the Pabna District Muslim League from 1946 to 1950. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Mansur settled in what became East Pakistan. He would join the Pakistan Army, receive training at Jessore Cantonment and attain the rank of army captain. Deciding to practise law, he enrolled in the Pabna District Court in 1951. He married Begum Amina the daughter of a District Judge from the area of Rangpur. They had five sons and one daughter. His eldest son Dr Mohammad Selim became an advocate from Bangladesh and studied for the BAR at Lincolns Inn, he is a prominent political figure and became Presidium member for Awami League and held the position of Chairman of Bangladesh Foreign affairs committee as well as being an MP representing his fathers constituency Kazipur in Sirajgunj. His second son Mohammad Nasim also became a leader of prominence and was MP and held ministerial posts of Telecoms and Home for Awami league government between 1996 - 2001.

Political career

Rising to public prominence, Mansur was widely known as "Capt. Mansur." He left the Muslim League to join the newly formed Urdu as the sole official language, in what became known as the Language Movement. Mansur and his party demanded that Bengali also receive recognition and the provinces be granted autonomy. After his release, Mansur was elected a member of the East Pakistan Legislative Assembly in 1954 as a candidate of the United Front alliance of various political parties. In the cabinet headed by Ataur Rahman Khan, Mansur served in different periods as the province's minister of law, parliamentary affairs, food, agriculture, commerce and industry. Mansur was re-arrested in the aftermath of the coup d'etat led by Ayub Khan, who became President of Pakistan and imposed martial law. He would remain incarcerated from 1958 to 1959.

Bangladeshi leader

Mansur Ali played an important role in the Mukti Bahini and provide political leadership in the absence of Mujib, who had been arrested by Pakistani forces.

After the independence of Bangladesh, Mujib became the prime minister and appointed Mansur as the minister of communications and later home affairs. Mansur became a key political ally of Mujib and rose in importance as criticism and opposition to Mujib's regime increased. After the introduction of a one-party, presidential system in 1975, Mujib became the Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League, the only legalised political party in the nation and served as its secretary-general.

Death

On August 15, 1975, Mujib was assassinated along with his family by a group of military officers. It is believed that the plot was masterminded by Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad, a disgruntled member of Mujib's regime who would become president. Mansur went into hiding immediately after the killing. When Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad invited Awami League leaders such as Mansur Ali, Syed Nazrul Islam, A. H. M. Qamaruzzaman and Tajuddin Ahmad to join his government, they refused. They were arrested by the army on August 23, 1975. Refusing to support Khondaker's regime, they were murdered while incarcerated in the Dhaka Central Jail on November 3. At the time, Bangladesh was in political chaos as Khondaker's regime was overthrown by Mujib loyalist Brigadier Khaled Mosharraf, who in turn was overthrown by Lieutenant Colonel Abu Taher on November 7. Under the Indemnity Act' issued by earlier President Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad which was later included in constitution by President Ziaur Rahman, the assassins were given immunity from prosecution. The murder case was finally opened in 1996 by the government of Sheikh Hasina Wajed, the daughter of Mujib. Three fugitive former army personnel were sentenced to death and 12 former army personnel were awarded life term imprisonment and five persons including four senior politicians were acquitted in the judgement of much talked about jail killing case.

References

  1. ^ "Ali, (Captain) M Mansur". Banglapedia. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  2. ^ http://www.smamedicalcollege-bd.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=105&Itemid=131
  • Hariharan, R. (November 5, 2004). "Getting Away With Murder: Politicisation of Crime in Bangladesh". South Asia Analysis Group. Archived from the original on December 4, 2004. 
  • Rahman, Syedur (2010). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh (4th ed.). Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 88.  
Political offices
Preceded by
Mujibur Rahman
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
1975
Succeeded by
Mashiur Rahman
Acting
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