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Municipality of Tijuana

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Municipality of Tijuana

Tijuana Municipality
Municipality
Municipio de Tijuana
Municipality of Tijuana

Coat of arms
Motto: The Homeland Starts Here
Baja California.

Coordinates: 32°32′N 117°3′W / 32.533°N 117.050°W / 32.533; -117.050Coordinates: 32°32′N 117°3′W / 32.533°N 117.050°W / 32.533; -117.050

Country Mexico
State Baja California
Municipal seat Tijuana
Largest city Tijuana
Municipality established December 29, 1953[1]
Government
 • Municipal president Carlos Bustamante Anchondo (PRI)
Area
 • Total 879.2 km2 (339.5 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,559,683
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
  Data source: Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
INEGI code 004
Website (Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Tijuana
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Tijuana Municipality is a municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California. Its municipal seat is located in the city of Tijuana. According to the 2010 census, the municipality had a population of 1,559,683 inhabitants, of whom 1,300,983, or 83.4%, lived in the city of Tijuana. Carlos Bustamante Anchondo of the PRI is the current municipal president. Most notably, residents from Tijuana city, which barely budged in population, moved to the municipality in the 5 years preceding the 2010 Census, indeed the non-city portion has gained over 140,000 residents. Much of this historic movement could be explained by the drug violence, as residents seek isolated suburban communities outside city limits to escape it. The municipality comprises the largest part of the Tijuana metropolitan area.

Tijuana is bordered to the south by the municipalities of Rosarito Beach and Ensenada; to the east, by the municipality of Tecate; to the west, by the Pacific Ocean; and to the north, by the international border with the United States, specifically the County of San Diego, California. The area of the municipality of Tijuana is 879.2 km² (339.46 sq mi); the municipality includes part of the Coronado Islands, located off the coast of the municipality in the Pacific Ocean.

The city of Tijuana's precise location is 32°32′05″N 117°02′37″W / 32.53472°N 117.04361°W / 32.53472; -117.04361. It lies just south of San Diego, California. The adjacent city and former borough of Tijuana is Rosarito Beach.

Boroughs

The municipality of Tijuana is divided into nine administrative boroughs, or Delegaciones. The Tijuana metropolitan area occupies all of borough seats. The boroughs are in turn divided into colonias or ejidos. These boroughs offer administrative services such as urban planning, civil registry, inspection, verification, public works and community development and are served by a delegado.

  • Centenario — This is the borough with the largest number of factories and maquiladoras. Its largest colony is Ciudad Industrial ("Industrial City"). Three of the city's most important streets, Boulevard Bellas Artes, Boulevard Industrial and Mexican Federal Highway 2, are located here. This delegacion contains the Otay Mesa entry to the United States and the Friendship Park (Parque de la amistad).
  • Centro — "Delegación Centro" includes the old downtown (Zona Centro), new business district (Plaza Río Tijuana, until recently the largest mall in the state, within the Zona Rio.
  • Cerro Colorado — The Cerro Colorado ("Red Hill") is located here and it is surrounded by houses. Because of its height many of the area's antennae for radio and television stations are located on its peak.
  • La Mesa — This is the where the Morelos Park, the largest public park in the city, is located, as well as the Plaza Mundo Divertido, the new Macroplaza and the CETYS University.
  • Mesa de Otay — In this borough sits the Tijuana International Airport. The Tijuana campus of the Autonomous University of Baja California and the Technologico are also located here as well as many maquiladoras.
  • Playas de Tijuana[3] — This is the westernmost borough of the city bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west and the United States border on the north. This is where the beaches of Tijuana are located (hence the name) and it is also one of the two exits to the south towards Rosarito and Ensenada.
  • La Presa — This is the largest borough in size and the Abelardo L. Rodríguez Dam is located within its limits, hence its name ("Presa" translates as "Dam" in English). The new Corredor Tijuana 2000 s and the Tijuana-Tecate free road run through it.
  • San Antonio de los Buenos — This is mostly a residential area although it also has two industrial parks.
  • Sanchez Taboada — Like the previous borough this is mostly a residential area, but within its borders are located many "maquiladoras" specially at Pacific Industrial Park.

Major cities

The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:[4]

Name 2010 Census Population
Tijuana 1,300,983
El Refugio 36,400
Pórticos de San Antonio 34,232
La Joya 26,860
Terrazas del Valle 20,421
Villa del Prado Segunda Sección 18,226
Las Delicias 15,486
Villa del Campo 13,906
Villa del Prado 12,303
El Niño 8,999
San Luis 8,571
Maclovio Rojas 7,279
Quinta del Cedro 5,704
Parajes del Valle 3,595
Lomas del Valle 3,352
Los Valles 3,135
Total Municipality 1,559,683

References

  • (Spanish) Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI).
  • (Spanish) SEGOB. Accessed on line November 15, 2007.

External links

San Diego–Tijuana portal
  • (Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Tijuana Official government website.
  • (Spanish) Para mi Tijuana Dedicated to a safe and secure Tijuana, A Tijuana la quiero Segura
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