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Title: Nashik  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Nashik district, Godavari River, List of districts of Maharashtra, List of waterfalls of India, Pimapalas
Collection: Locations in Hindu Mythology, Nashik, Places in the Ramayana
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Metro City
Nashik city view from Pandavleni
Nashik city view from Pandavleni
Nasik is located in Maharashtra
Location of Nashik in Maharashtra
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nashik
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Ashok Murtadak (MNS)
 • Municipal Commissioner Dr. Praveen Gedam
 • Deputy Mayor Gurmeet Bagga (Independent)
 • Metro City 482 km2 (186 sq mi)
Elevation 660 m (2,170 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Metro City 1,862,769
 • Density 3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 4,862,769
 • Metro rank 29th
Demonym(s) Nashikkar
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 422 0xx
Telephone code 91(253)
Vehicle registration MH 15 (Nasik city), MH 41 (Malegaon), MH 51 (Nasik North),MH 52(Sinnar)
Website .in.nic.nashikwww

Nashik (pron:ˈnʌʃɪk) (   )[3] is a city with ancient history in India, located in the north-west region of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarter of the Nashik District and Nashik Division.

Ram, Lakshman, Sita at a Nashik Temple.
"Ram kund".


  • Geography 1
  • Civic administration 2
    • Court 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Points of interest 4
    • Panchavati 4.1
    • Ramkund 4.2
    • Muktidham Temple 4.3
    • Kalaram Temple 4.4
    • Sundarnarayan Temple 4.5
    • Trimbakeshwar 4.6
    • Someshwar Temple 4.7
    • Kapaleshwar Temple 4.8
    • Coin Museum 4.9
    • Deolali 4.10
    • Veer Savarkar Smarak, Bhagur 4.11
  • Forts 5
    • Ramshej Fort 5.1
    • Trigalwadi Fort 5.2
    • Harihar Fort 5.3
  • Dams 6
    • Gangapur Dam 6.1
    • Chankapur Dam 6.2
    • Kashypi Dam 6.3
    • Girna Dam 6.4
    • Darna Dam 6.5
  • Kumbh Mela 7
  • Economy 8
    • Health care 8.1
    • Agriculture 8.2
    • Solid waste management 8.3
    • Rain water harvesting 8.4
    • Industry 8.5
  • Education 9
  • Tourism 10
  • People from Nashik 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13


Trimbakeshwar Temple near Nashik (source of the Godavari River)

Nashik is located in northern Maharashtra at 600 m (2,000 ft)[4] from the mean sea level. The river Godavari originates 24 km (15 mi) from Brahmagiri Mountain, Tryambakeshwar, Nashik and flows along the northern boundary of the city through the old residential settlement in the city.The river has been dying at an alarming rate due to pollution created by factories. But now this river has been succesfully cleaned.[5] Other than Godavari, various important rivers like Vaitarana, Bhima, Girana, Kashyapi and Darana flow across Nashik.[6][7] Nashik lies on western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is a volcanic formation.[8] All over the district, lime nodules and kankar are found practically.[6] Jalgaon and Aurangabad are to the east of Nashik. Ahmadnagar lies to the south while Thane and part of Gujrat are to the west of Nashik.[9] The soil here is primarily black which is favorable for agriculture. Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, from where river Godavari originates. The total land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi)[10] which makes it the third largest urban area of Maharashtra after Mumbai Metropolitan Region and the Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad Urban Region (together as second).

Civic administration

Nashik city governed by Nashik Municipal Corporation.[11]


The Nashik Court Building is built in black Stone in British Regine and the new building is inaugurated on 18 September 2005.There are total 73 Courts including taluka Court.[12] [13]


According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,973. Males constitute 784,995 of the population and females 701,978. Out of Nashik population urban population is 1,562,769 in which 824,641 are males and 738,128 are females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 90.96% where male literacy was 94.96%, and female literacy was 86.51%. The sex ratio is 894 per 1000 males for Nashik city . Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1000 boys.In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age.[14] In the same year (census year 2001) the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326 and thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 1,562,769.[15] 52.5% of Nashik's population is in the 15–59 years age category.

Points of interest


Rama and Sita in Panchavati

Panchavati has significant religious attributes for Hindus with a temple complex on the bend of the Godavari river, which includes Kalaram Temple.[16] It is a pilgrimage site,[17] with the Kumbh Mela, the largest peaceful gathering in the world – involving over 100 million people in 2013, taking place here once every twelve years in rotation with Haridwar, Allahabad, and Ujjain.[18]

In Hindu theology, as outlined in the epic Ramayana, Panchavati was the place in the forest of Dandakaranya (Danda Kingdom), where Rama built his home along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman during their period of exile in the wilderness. Panchavati literally means "a garden of five banyan trees". These trees are said to have been there during the exile of Lord Rama.[19] There is a place called Tapovan where Lakshmana, the brother of Rama, cut off the nose of Surpanakha, the sister of Ravana, when she attempted to kill Sita. The entire Aranya Kanda (book of the forest) of Ramayana is set in Panchavati.


This tank is a holy place for Hindus. Devotees believe that a dip in this tank will fulfill their wishes. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Rama used to take bath in this tank during his stay in Nashik.[20]

Muktidham Temple

Muktidham is located at Nashik road. This temple with intricate architecture was constructed out of white marble. The temple has carvings of 18 chapters from Bhagawad Gita, believed to be the great Indian religious text, 12 Jyotirlinga and idols of Hindu deities.[20][21]

Kalaram Temple

Kalaram Temple is dedicated to Lord Rama. The meaning of kalaram is black Rama.[20]

Sundarnarayan Temple

Situated on the corner of Ahillyabai Holkar bridge. This temple was built in 1756 by Chandrachud. The sanctum sanctorum houses the idol of Lord Vishnu. Speciality about its architecture is it is built in such a way that very first rays of the sun falls on the deity of Lord Vishnu.[20]


Being a well known holy place of India, this shrine is one among the 12 Jyotirlingas. It is just 30 km from Nashik. The shrine houses a Shiva Linga in the sanctum sanctorum. Devotees believe that a person will attain salvation after visiting this temple. The sacred river Godavari originates here. The holy bath tank known as Kushavarta is located at 5 min away from the main temple. This Kushvarta holds greater importance during the Kumbhmela shahi snan. At Kushavarta river Ganga takes route to the rest of the India and origin of this river Ganga named here as Godavari is at top of the Bramhagiri hill. This holy pond is always full with Godavari water, never dries up and no body knows from where the water comes into the pond and forms the river.[22][23]

Someshwar Temple

This is one of the oldest temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Lord Hanuman.This place is located six km away from Nashik on the road to Gangapur. The temple is located on the banks of the Godavari river.[24]

Kapaleshwar Temple

It is one of the oldest temples in Nashik. There is no icon of Nandi (bull) in this temple which is an uncommon thing about the temples of Lord Shiva.[24]

Coin Museum

The coin museum in Nashik houses a huge collection of real coins, replicas, line drawings, articles and photographs of coins from various eras and kingdoms in Indian history.[25]


Deolali contonment falls under Nashik district.It was established in the year 1869.[26] Army staff college, now the Defence services Staff College of India, and the Command Staff College of Pakistan were originally located in Deolali.[27]

Veer Savarkar Smarak, Bhagur

The freedom fighter Swatantrya Veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in Bhagur. Hence it has gained historical importance .[28]


Ramshej Fort

Ramshej Fort is located 10 km from Nashik near Pindori village. According to Indian mythology Lord Rama used to rest on this fort. The fort is flat and on open ground. Trees around the fort are also mild.[29]

Trigalwadi Fort

Trigalwadi fort is 3000 ft above sea level. There is temple of Lord Hanuman nearly to it. There is also a Trigalwadi Lake. It takes almost 1 hour to see spots on the fort.[30][31]

Harihar Fort

Harihar Fort is derived by the name Harshgad. Its highest point is 1120 meters above sea level. It is famous for its Cliff for chimney style climbing and its named as Scottish Fall.[32][33]


Gangapur Dam

Gangapur Dam is located on river Godavari near Gangawadi village,Nashik.[34]

Chankapur Dam

Chankapur dam which is on Girna river is one of the big dams built by the British in 19th century and is situated 3 km from the village Abhona in Kalwan tehsil & 60 km from Nashik.

Kashypi Dam

Kashypi Dam is located on Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.

Girna Dam

Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam situated on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District in the state of Maharashtra in India.

Darna Dam

Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district in the state of Maharashtra in India.

Kumbh Mela

Nashik hosts one of the largest religious gatherings in the world known as Maha Kumbh. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad and the Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devtas (Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where the nectar fell are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar and at the sangam of Ganges, Yamuna and Sarswati in Allahabad.[35][36]

Shahi Marg, the path which sadhus follow to the banks of Godavari for the holy bath stretches from Tapovan via Nag Chowk, Kalaram Temple and Sardar Chowk. In the 2003 kumbhmela 29 pilgrims were killed at Sardar Chowk in a stampede. In 2015, to avoid such accidents NMC planned to widened road from 9 meters to 15 meters in some area.[37]


Health care

Nashik has many private healthcare facilities as well as a government run civil hospital. The Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS) is situated at Nashik. Nashik has many major corporate hospitals like Apollo Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, Sahyadri Hospital, Vijan Cardiac & Critical Care Center, and Six Sigma Medicare and Research Center [38][39]


Nashik is famous for grapes, onions, and tomatoes. Nashik was famous for its table grapes for a very long time. Also known as Wine Capital of India, In early 1925, the Table Grape revolution was started in Ojar, a small town near Nashik. Today, table grapes are being exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.[40]

According to Official Website of Nashik District out of the total 1563000 Hectors of geographical area, the cultivable area is 864000 Hectors. The average Kharip crop area is 663200 Hectors while the average Rabbi crop area is 136500 Hectors. The actual sown area is 658763 Hectors (99%) and the forest land is 340000 Hectors (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23000 Hectors (1.48%).[41]

Solid waste management

In the entire Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell); a system which has resulted into a 'garbage dump free' city. Smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.[42]

Rain water harvesting

The Nashik Municipal Corporation has made it mandatory for new constructions in the city to install a rain water harvesting system without which a completion certificate is not granted to the construction. This measure is expected to help recharge the aquifers and augment the ground water level in the city.[43]

Kumbh mela: 1989 Kumbhmela
Nashik-Mumbai NH3
Godapark: a pedestrian street near Godavari River


There is a Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located 10 mi (16 km) from Nashik,.[44] The Currency Note Press[45] and India Security Press are located in Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.[46] Nashik also has textile industry, e.g. carpet weaving in remote areas like Surgana Block,.[4] National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster.[4] To facilitate the export a Container Freight Station has been started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government.[47] There are some IT companies situated in Nashik like Winjit and many more.


Nashik has been the educational hub of North Maharashtra. Colleges in Nashik are affiliated to the University of Pune.The University has announced setting up of an additional campus in Nashik which is to be located on Dindori road and spread over 100 acres of land.. The city houses a large number of private and governmental educational institutions offering higher education in Medicine, Engineering & Technology, Architecture, Pharmacy, Military Management among others. Bhonsala Military School[48] is the oldest residential school in Nashik as are the Gokhale Education Society run colleges. The city has two state-run universities, the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.


Aerial view of Nashik from the Pandavleni Caves

There are a number of notable places in or near Nashik, including the Gargoti Museum, which has a collection of zeolites (micro porous crystalline solids), and is located 32 km (20 mi) from Nashik in a town called Sinnar. There is also the Coin Museum, founded in 1980, which has a collection about the Indian currency system, including coins, moulds, dyes, replicas and photographs. About 30 km (19 mi) from Nashik is the Dugarwadi waterfall. Nashik is also called as pilgrimage city. Nashik is one of the places where Kumbh Mela is held. There are holy temples like Shree KalaRam Mandir, Trimbakeshwar Temple, Saptshrungi Vani Gad, Gondeshwar Temple, Shree Sunder Narayan Temple, Muktidham, Bhakti Dham, Shree Kapaleshwar Mahadev, Shree Laxmi Narayan Temple, Shree Someshwar Temple, Shree Ved Temple and Dutondya Maruti. The other major tourist attraction includes Artillery Centre, Nandur Madhmeshwar, Dhammagiri, Saputara, Bhandardara & Kalsubai Peak, Chamber Caves, Shree Godavari Ramkund, Sita Gumpha, Pandavleni Caves, Godavari Ghat, Ramkund, Dadasaheb Phalke Memorial, Veer Savarkar Smarak, Dudhsagar Falls, Jawhar, Blue Lagoon Water Park, Shrine of the Infant Jesus, Yoga Vidya Dham, Akhil Bhartiya Shree Swami Samarth Gurupeeth in Trimakeshwar, Anjeneri Hills,Shree Swami Samarth Kendra in Dindori, E&G Green Valley Resort and Shubham Water World. Nashik is known as the "wine capital of India".[49] Nashik has also many liquor manufacturing factories, such as United Spirits Ltd, Pernod-Ricard, and Sula Vineyards.

People from Nashik


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  18. ^ Spinney, Laura. "At Largest Religious Festival, Some Abandon Elderly". National Geographic. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  19. ^ Asian Educational Services (1904). The Great Temples of India, Ceylon, and Burma. Asian Educational Services. p. 27. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Official WebSite of Nashik District". 1948-01-30. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  21. ^ "Google". Google. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
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  40. ^ Tushar Pawar, TNN 16 May 2012, 06.06AM IST (2012-05-16). "India's grape export up by nearly 60% this year – Times of India". Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
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