World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China


National Emblem of the People's Republic of China

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China
Armiger People's Republic of China
Adopted 20 September 1950
Escutcheon Red disc with a representation below of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate of the Forbidden City as seen from the Tiananmen Square in Beijing and five stars above. The outer border is composed of sheaves of wheat and the inner border of sheaves of rice, with a cog-wheel at the center of the bottom portion of the border.

The National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国国徽; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國國徽; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó guóhuī) contains in a red circle a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate to the Forbidden City, where Mao declared the foundation of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag. The largest star represents the Communist Party of China, while the four smaller stars represent the four social classes as defined in Maoism. The emblem is described as being "composed of patterns of the national flag":[1]

...The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution and the yellow color of the stars the golden brilliant rays radiating from the vast red land. The design of four smaller stars surrounding a bigger one signifies the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) —China Yearbook 2004[2]

The outer border of the red circle shows sheaves of wheat and the inner sheaves of rice, which together represent agricultural workers. At the center of the bottom portion of the border is a cog-wheel that represents industrial workers.

According to The Description of the National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (中華人民共和國國徽圖案說明), these elements taken together symbolise the revolutionary struggles of the Chinese people since the May Fourth Movement and the coalition of the proletariat which succeeded in founding the People's Republic of China.


Early design proposals for the national emblem.

In 1949 the government held a competition for the design of the national emblem. There were two finalists. One group was from the China Central Academy of Fine Arts: Zhang Ding, Zhang Guangyu, Zhou Lingzhao, Zhong Ling, and the other group was from the Department of Architecture at Tsinghua University: Liang Sicheng, Lin Huiyin, Mo Zongjiang, Zhu Changzhong, Li Zongjin and Gao Zhuang. The design selected for the emblem was mainly based on Zhang Ding's proposal. The design proposed by Lin Huiyin, a jade disc with a large star in the center, was finally rejected.[3]

Zhang's design was selected on June 10, 1950.[4] Two groups then worked in a second round on designing the details of the emblem. The group of Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin standardized the design of the Tian'anmen Gate on the emblem and selected red and yellow as the main colors.[5] Their draft was selected and the design was standardized and simplified by Gao Zhuang.[6] This design was officially made the national emblem on 20 September 1950 by the Central People's Government.

See also


  1. ^ Description of the National Emblem from Chinese Government web portal.
  2. ^ National flag
  3. ^ 徐志摩诗文网
  4. ^ 到底是谁设计了国徽,新华网
  5. ^ 正投影 国徽设计中亮丽的一笔
  6. ^ 高庄:命运多舛的国徽浮雕定型设计者
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.