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National memorial

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Title: National memorial  
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Subject: Monument, Memorial, George Mason Memorial
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

National memorial

National memorial is a designation in the United States for a protected area that memorializes a historic person or event.[1] National memorials are authorized by the United States Congress. The memorial need not be located on a site directly related to the subject[1] and many, such as the Lincoln Memorial, do not have the word "national" in their titles.

There are 29 national memorials owned and administered by the National Park Service as official units. Five more are administered by other organizations but receive assistance from and are considered affiliated areas of the NPS. The earliest and perhaps most recognizable is the uniquely designated Washington Monument, which was completed in 1884 and transferred to the NPS in 1933. The most recent is the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial, dedicated in 2011. National memorials are in 14 states and the District of Columbia. Washington, D.C., has the most, 10, followed by Pennsylvania and New York, each with three. The affiliated areas are in a further three states and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Nine national memorials commemorate U.S. presidents, seven commemorate other historic figures, and four commemorate wars. As with all historic areas within the National Park System, national memorials are automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places; however, some memorials that are affiliated areas are not listed on the Register.

Occasionally, a private organization will erect a memorial and use the word "national" in the name without Congressional authorization. They are not "National Memorials" in the sense that they have the recognition of the American people through its government. One example is the George Washington Masonic National Memorial.

National memorials

Name Photo Location Date Formed[2][3] Area[2] Description
Arkansas Post Arkansas July 6, 1960 [4]
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial Virginia [5]
Benjamin Franklin Pennsylvania October 25, 1972
Chamizal Texas June 30, 1966 [6]
Coronado Arizona July 9, 1952 [7]
De Soto Florida March 11, 1948 [8]
Federal Hall New York August 11, 1955 [9]
Flight 93 Pennsylvania September 10, 2011 [10]
Fort Caroline Florida [11]
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial District of Columbia May 2, 1997 [12]
General Grant New York [13]
George Mason Memorial District of Columbia April 9, 2002 [14]
Hamilton Grange New York April 27, 1962 [15]
Jefferson National Expansion Missouri [16]
Johnstown Flood Pennsylvania [17]
Korean War Veterans Memorial District of Columbia [18]
Lincoln Boyhood Indiana [19]
Lincoln Memorial District of Columbia [20]
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac District of Columbia [21]
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial District of Columbia [22]
Mount Rushmore South Dakota [23]
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio [24]
Port Chicago Naval Magazine California [25]
Roger Williams Rhode Island [26]
Thaddeus Kosciuszko Pennsylvania [27]
Theodore Roosevelt Island 150px District of Columbia [28]
Thomas Jefferson Memorial District of Columbia [29]
Vietnam Veterans Memorial District of Columbia [30]
Washington Monument District of Columbia [31]
World War II Memorial District of Columbia [32]
Wright Brothers 150px North Carolina [33]

Affiliated areas

Name Photo Location Date Formed[2][34] Area[2] Description
American Memorial Park Northern Mariana Islands [35]
Benjamin Franklin Pennsylvania [36]
Father Marquette Michigan [37]
Oklahoma City 150px Oklahoma [38]
Red Hill Patrick Henry Virginia [39]

See also


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