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National Security Intelligence

National Security Intelligence
জাতীয় নিরাপত্তা গো‌য়েন্দা
Seal of National Seccurity Intelligence
Agency overview
Formed December 29, 1972 (1972-12-29)
Preceding agency
  • Independent
Headquarters NSI Headquarters, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Motto Watch and Listen for the nation, To protect national security
Annual budget Confidential
Agency executive
  • Major Gen. Shamsul Haque, Director General
Parent agency None (Independent)

The National Security Intelligence, commonly known as the NSI, is one of the principal intelligence agency of People's Republic of Bangladesh. The NSI's headquarters is in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The NSI is the leading body of the Government of Bangladesh in the field of internal security, counter intelligence and foreign intelligence . NSI is largest among the intelligence agencies in Bangladesh, the others are as Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI), SB, CID, Army Intelligence, Naval Intelligence etc. This is an independent international intelligence agency. The agency has 37 branch offices in 19 countries. The NSI also has 64 territorial units in all of the 64 districts of Bangladesh headed by Joint Director/Deputy Director or Assistant Director.

Being the largest and the only independent intelligence agency in Bangladesh, The NSI's principal activities are gathering information about Foreign Government, Individuals, Corporations and Political Parties and Different Religious groups and Counter-Intelligence against foreign Intelligence Agencies etc. Since Bangladesh receives its biggest threats from neighboring countries; especially India and Myanmar.


  • Organization 1
  • Organizational structure 2
  • Organogram of the Agency 3
    • Executive Office 3.1
  • Duties 4
    • Executive staff 4.1
      • General publications 4.1.1
      • General Counsel and Inspector General 4.1.2
      • Influencing public opinion 4.1.3
  • Training 5
    • Equipments 5.1
    • Directorate of Intelligence 5.2
  • Controversies 6
    • Human Rights abuses 6.1
  • References 7


  • The Directorate General of National Security Intelligence is headed by a Director General (D.G) with the rank of Major General /Secretary.
  • The intelligence agency maintains presence particularly the major cities of 19 countries.
  • The force is mostly staffed by civil personnel.

Organizational structure

The NSI has an executive office and several agency-wide functions, and five major Wings:

  • The Directorate of External, responsible for all-source intelligence from aboard
  • The Directorate of Border, responsible for all-source intelligence from border area of the country
  • The Directorate of Internal, responsible for all-source intelligence inside the country
  • The Directorate of Security, responsible for security of VVIP and protecting the country by eliminating threats
  • The Directorate of Administration, responsible for personnel management and the like
  • The Directorate of Training, responsible for personnel development

It has a number of section under different directorates, responsible for different activities like Technical section which give all the technical supports all parts of the agency.

Organogram of the Agency

  • Director General (DG)
  • Director
  • Additional Director (Addi D)
  • Joint Director (JD)
  • Deputy Director (DD)
  • Assistant Director (AD)
  • Field Officer (FO)
  • Junior Field Officer (JFO)
  • Watcher Constable (WC)
  • other staff.

Executive Office

The Director of the National Security Intelligence (D/NSI) reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI); in practice, he deals with the DNI, Congress (usually via the Office of Congressional Affairs), and the Bangabhaban, while the Deputy Director is the internal executive. The NSI has varying amounts of Congressional oversight, although that is principally a guidance role.

The Executive Office also facilitates the NSI's support of the Bangladesh Army by providing it with information it gathers, receiving information from military intelligence organizations, and cooperating on field activities. Two senior executives have responsibility, one CIA-wide and one for the National Clandestine Service. The Associate Director for Military Support, a senior military officer, manages the relationship between the CIA and the Unified Combatant Commands, who produce regional/operational intelligence and consume national intelligence; he is assisted by the Office of Military Affairs in providing support to all branches of the military.

The NSI also makes national-level intelligence available to tactical organizations, usually to their all-source intelligence group.


The NSI has three principal activities: gathering information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals; analyzing that information, along with intelligence gathered by other Bangladesh intelligence agencies, in order to provide national security intelligence assessment to senior Bangladesh policymakers; and, upon the request of the President of the people republic of Bangladesh, carrying out or overseeing covert activities and some tactical operations by its own employees, by members of the military, or by other partners.

Executive staff

Staff offices with several general responsibilities report to the Executive Office. The staff also gather information and then report such information to the Executive Office.

General publications

The NSI's Center for the Study of Intelligence maintains the Agency's historical materials and promotes the study of intelligence as a legitimate discipline.

General Counsel and Inspector General

Two offices advise the Director on legality and proper operations. The Office of General Counsel advises the Director of the NSI on all legal matters relating to his role as NSI director and is the principal source of legal counsel for the NSI.

The NSI Office of Inspector General|Office of Inspector General promotes efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability in the administration of Agency activities, and seeks to prevent and detect fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. The Inspector General, whose activities are independent of those of any other component in the Agency, reports directly to the Director of the NSI.

Influencing public opinion

The Office of Public Affairs is often in charge of creating state funded propaganda for the masses. For example, during the 9/11 counter terror campaign, the administration advised the D.G of the NSI to publish on all media, public policy, and employee communications issues relating to this person's role. This office, among other functions, works with the entertainment industry .[1]


The NSI receives training from the Special Force of Bangladesh Army. NSI is also trained by the Central Intelligence Agency which is the special intelligence branch of United States. The Headquarters of NSI is situated in Dhaka, Bangladesh.


Directorate of Intelligence

The Directorate of Intelligence produces all-source intelligence investigation on key foreign and intercontinental issues relating to powerful and sometimes anti-government sensitive topics.


Human Rights abuses

Reports of NSI torture go back to the 1970s. During the 2006–08 Bangladeshi political crisis in Bangladesh, the NSI was actively involved in harassment and torture of labor activists.[2]


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