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Nationwide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, 2008

 

Nationwide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, 2008

This article provides a list of scientific, nationwide public opinion polls that were conducted relating to the United States presidential election, 2008.

Contents

  • Presidential Election 1
    • Two-way contest: Barack Obama vs John McCain 1.1
      • Democratic nominee vs. Republican nominee 1.1.1
    • Four-way contest 1.2
    • Five-way contest 1.3
  • Earlier polls 2
    • Two-way contest 2.1
      • Democratic nominee vs. Republican nominee 2.1.1
      • Democratic field vs. Republican field 2.1.2
    • Three-way contest 2.2
      • Support likelihood 2.2.1
    • Democratic candidate 2.3
    • Republican candidate 2.4
    • Other polls 2.5
      • Candidate distinctions 2.5.1
      • Candidate quality 2.5.2
        • If elected, would the following candidate make a good president or a bad president? 2.5.2.1
        • Which of the following choices most closely explains your reasons for planning not to vote? 2.5.2.2
        • Would you like to see more viable political choices and political parties competing for your vote in the future? 2.5.2.3
      • Candidate ideology 2.5.3
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • References 5

Presidential Election

Two-way contest: Barack Obama vs John McCain

Democratic nominee vs. Republican nominee

Margin shading indicates candidate in lead. Red = John McCain; Blue = Barack Obama

Poll Source Date administered Democratic Candidate % Republican Candidate % Lead Margin
NBC News/Wall Street Journal (among likely voters) October 31 – November 2, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 43% 8
Rasmussen Daily Tracking (among "likely" voters) October 31 – November 2, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 46% 6
Gallup (among registered voters) October 31 – November 2, 2008 Barack Obama 53% John McCain 40% 13
Gallup (among "expanded likely voters") October 31 – November 2, 2008 Barack Obama 53% John McCain 42% 11
Gallup (among "traditional likely voters") October 31 – November 2, 2008 Barack Obama 53% John McCain 42% 11
Gallup (with "undecided voters...allocated proportionately to the two candidates") October 31 – November 2, 2008 Barack Obama 55% John McCain 44% 11
ABC News/Washington Post (among "likely voters") October 30 – November 1, 2008 Barack Obama 54% John McCain 43% 11
CNN

(among "likely" voters)

October 30 – November 1, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 44% 7
Rasmussen Daily Tracking

(among "likely" voters)

October 30 – November 1, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 46% 5
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP (among "likely voters") October 29 – November 1, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 45% 2
Pew Center for Research (among "likely voters") October 29 – November 1, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 42% 7
Zogby Daily Tracking October 31, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 44% 5
Gallup Daily Tracking (among "registered voters") October 29–31, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 41% 11
Rasmussen Daily Tracking

(among "likely" voters)

October 29 – October 31, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 47% 4
Reuters/CSPAN/Zogby (among "likely voters") October 27–29, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 43% 7
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 26–28, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 42% 9
Rasmussen Daily Tracking (among "likely voters") October 26–28, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 47% 3
Investors Business Daily/TIPP (among "likely voters") October 24–28, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 44% 3
Reuters/CSPAN/Zogby (among "likely voters") October 25–27, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 45% 4
Rasmussen Daily Tracking (among "likely voters") October 25–27, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 46% 5
Pew (among registered voters) October 23–26, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 36% 16
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 23–25, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 42% 9
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 20–22, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 43% 7
Reuters/CSPAN/Zogby (among "likely voters") October 20–22, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 40% 12
New York Times/CBS News (among "likely voters") October 19–22, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 39% 13
Investors Business Daily/TIPP (among "likely voters") October 18–22, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 44% 1
Reuters/CSPAN/Zogby (among "likely voters") October 19–21, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 42% 10
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") October 19–21, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 42% 8
Reuters/CSPAN/Zogby (among "likely voters") October 18–20, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 42% 8
American Research Group (among "likely voters") October 18–20, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 45% 4
NBC News/Wall Street Journal (among registered voters) October 17–20, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 42% 10
CNN/Opinion Research (among likely voters) October 17–19, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 46% 5
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 17–19, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 41% 11
Pew Research Center (among registered voters) October 16–19, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 38% 14
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 14–16, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 43% 7
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 13–15, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 43% 6
Reuters/CSPAN/Zogby (among "likely voters") October 11–15, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 44% 4
CBS News/New York Times October 10–13, 2008 Barack Obama 53% John McCain 39% 14
ABC News/Washington Post (among "likely voters") October 12, 2008 Barack Obama 53% John McCain 43% 10
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 10–12, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 41% 10
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") October 10–12, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 40% 12
Rasmussen Reports Tracking (among "likely voters") October 10–12, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 45% 6
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 9–10, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 43% 7
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") October 7–9, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 40% 12
Reuters/C-SPAN/Zogby (among "likely voters") October 7–9, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 43% 5
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 6–8, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 41% 11
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") October 4–6, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 40% 12
CNN October 3–5, 2008 Barack Obama 53% John McCain 45% 8
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) October 3–5, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 42% 8
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") October 1–3, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 40% 11
CBS News September 27–30, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 40% 9
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") September 28–30, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 41% 10
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) September 27–29, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 43% 6
CBS News September 23–25, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 42% 5

Rasmussen Reports Tracking (among "likely voters")

September 23–25, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 45% 5
ABC News/Washington Post

(among "likely voters")

September 23, 2008 Barack Obama 52% John McCain 43% 9
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) September 21–23, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 44% 3
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") September 19–21, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 42% 7
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) September 19–20, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 44% 6
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") September 17–19, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 43% 6
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) September 16–18, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 44% 5
Rasmussen Reports Tracking (among "likely voters") September 15–17, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 48% 0
CBS News

(among "likely voters")

September 12–16, 2008 Barack Obama 48%

(49%)

John McCain 43%

(44%)

5

(5)

Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) September 13–15, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 47% 1
Daily Kos/Research 2000 (among "likely voters") September 13–15, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 45% 2
ARG (among "likely voters") September 13–15, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 48% 3
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) September 11–13, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 47% 2
Reuters/Zogby (among "likely voters") September 11–13, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 45% 2
Newsweek September 10–11, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 46% 0
FOX News September 8–9, 2008 Barack Obama 42% John McCain 45% 3
InsiderAdvantage/Poll Position September 8, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 46% 0
Diageo/Hotline Daily Tracking September 7–9, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 45% 0
NBC News/Wall Street Journal September 6–8, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 46% 1
ARG (among "likely voters") September 6–8, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 46% 1
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) September 6–8, 2008 Barack Obama 44% John McCain 49% 5
Associated Press/GfK (among "likely voters") September 5–10, 2008 Barack Obama 44% John McCain 48% 4
USA Today/Gallup

(among "likely voters")

September 5–7, 2008 Barack Obama 46%

(44%)

John McCain 50%

(54%)

4

(10)

ABC News/Washington Post

(among "likely voters")

September 5–7, 2008 Barack Obama 47%

(47%)

John McCain 46%

(49%)

1

(−2)

CNN September 5–7, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 48% 0
Rasmussen Reports Tracking (among "likely voters") September 3–5, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 46% 3
Investors Business Daily September 2–7, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 40% 5
DemCorps (among "likely voters") September 1–3, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 44% 5
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) August 30 – September 1, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 42% 8
USA Today/Gallup August 30–31, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 43% 7
ARG/National (among "likely voters") August 30–31, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 43% 6
Diageo/Hotline August 29–31, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 39% 9
CBS News August 29–31, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 40% 8
Rasmussen Reports Tracking August 26–28, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 45% 4
Gallup Daily Tracking (among registered voters) August 23–25, 2008 Barack Obama 44% John McCain 46% 2
USA Today/Gallup August 21–23, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 43% 4
USA Today/Gallup

(among "likely voters")

August 21–23, 2008 Barack Obama 48%

(49%)

John McCain 45%

(43%)

3

(6)

FOX News August 19–20, 2008 Barack Obama 42% John McCain 39% 3
YouGov/Econcomist August 18–20, 2008 Barack Obama 39% John McCain 38% 1
CBS News/NY Times August 15–19, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 42% 3
NBC News/Wall Street Journal August 15–18, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 42% 3
Rasmussen Reports Tracking August 16, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 45% 1
Reuters/Zogby August 14–16, 2008 Barack Obama 41% John McCain 46% 5
Gallup Daily August 5–7, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 43% 3
Rasmussen Reports Tracking August 5–7, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 46% 1
Gallup Daily July 24–26, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 40% 9
Gallup Daily July 22–24, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 41% 6
NBC/WSJ July 18–21, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 41% 6
CBS News/NY Times July 7–14, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 39% 6
Gallup Daily July 11–13, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 43% 3
ABC News/Wash Post July 10–13, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 46% 3
Reuters/Zogby July 9–13, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 40% 7
Quinnipiac July 8–13, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 41% 9
Newsweek July 9–10, 2008 Barack Obama 44% John McCain 41% 3
CNN June 26–29, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 45% 5
Mclaughlin & Associates June 26–29, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 38% 8
Rasmussen Reports Tracking June 26–28, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 43% 6
Gallup Daily June 25–26 & 28, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 42% 4
The Times/Bloomberg Poll June 19–23, 2008 Barack Obama 49% John McCain 37% 12
Newsweek June 18–19, 2008 Barack Obama 51% John McCain 36% 15
Rasmussen Reports Tracking June 17–19, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 44% 4
USA Today/Gallup June 15–19, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 44% 6
Fox News/Opinion Dynamics June 17–18, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 41% 4
Reuters/Zogby June 12–14, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 42% 5
NBC News/Wall Street Journal June 11, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 41% 6
Rasmussen Reports Tracking June 9, 2008 Barack Obama 50% John McCain 44% 6
Gallup Daily June 9, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 42% 6
Lombardo Consulting Group May 26–28, 2008 Barack Obama 44% John McCain 40% 4

Four-way contest

Poll Source Date Democrat(s) % Republican(s) % Libertarian(s) % Independent(s) %
Ipsos/McClatchy September 11–15, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 45% Bob Barr 1% Ralph Nader 2%
Zogby August 23–24, 2008 Barack Obama 45% John McCain 42% Bob Barr 4% Ralph Nader 1%
The Times/Bloomberg Poll June 19–23, 2008 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 33% Bob Barr 4% Ralph Nader 3%
Rasmussen Reports May 18, 2008 Barack Obama 42% John McCain 38% Bob Barr 6% Ralph Nader 4%

Five-way contest

Poll Source Date Democrat % Green % Libertarian % Republican % Independent %
Zogby International Poll[1] Sept. 26–27, 2008 Barack Obama 46.4% Cynthia McKinney 0.6% Bob Barr 3.7% John McCain 43.4% Ralph Nader 1.0%
CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll[2] Sept. 19–21, 2008 Barack Obama 48% Cynthia McKinney 1% Bob Barr 1% John McCain 45% Ralph Nader 4%

Earlier polls

Two-way contest

Related article: Graphical Representations of Two-Way Contest Data

Democratic nominee vs. Republican nominee

Poll Source Date administered Democrat % Republican %

Pew Research Center

May 21–25, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
48%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
44%
Newsweek May 21–22, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
48%
46%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
46%
Reuters/Zogby May 15–18, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
41%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
40%
37%
TechnoMetrica Institute
Investor’s Business Daily/
May 12–18, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
44%
48%
John McCain
John McCain
39%
37%
Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner
Democracy Corps/
May 13–15, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
43%
49%
John McCain
John McCain
51%
47%
Lake Research
Tarrance Group/
George Washington University
May 11–14, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
49%
48%
John McCain
John McCain
47%
46%
Quinnipiac University May 8–12, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
41%
40%
ABC News/Washington Post May 8–11, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
49%
51%
John McCain
John McCain
46%
44%
Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner
Public Opinion Strategies/
National Public Radio/
May 7–10, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
45%
48%
John McCain
John McCain
46%
43%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg May 1–8, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
47%
46%
John McCain
John McCain
38%
40%

USA Today/Gallup

May 1–4, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
49%
48%

Ipsos Public Affairs

April 30 – May 4, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
47%
46%
John McCain
John McCain
42%
42%

CBS News/New York Times

May 1–3, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
53%
51%
John McCain
John McCain
41%
40%
Diageo/Hotline April 30 – May 3, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
43%
43%

CNN/Opinion Research

April 28–30, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
49%
49%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
45%
Fox News/Opinion Dynamics April 28–29, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
45%
43%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
46%

CBS News/New York Times

April 25–29, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
48%
45%
John McCain
John McCain
43%
45%

NBC News/Wall Street Journal

April 25–28, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
45%
46%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
43%
Zogby Online April 25–28, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
34%
45%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
42%

Pew Research Center

April 23–27, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
49%
50%
John McCain
John McCain
45%
44%

Associated Press-Ipsos

April 23–27, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
50%
46%
John McCain
John McCain
41%
44%
Newsweek April 24–25, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
48%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
45%
44%
USA Today/Gallup April 18–20, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
50%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
44%
Cook/RT Strategies April 17–20, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
45%
44%
John McCain
John McCain
46%
45%
Newsweek April 16–17, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
47%
48%
John McCain
John McCain
43%
44%
ABC News/Washington Post April 10–13, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
45%
49%
John McCain
John McCain
48%
44%
Reuters/Zogby April 10–12, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
41%
45%
John McCain
John McCain
46%
45%
Associated Press/Ipsos April 7–9, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
45%
44%
John McCain 43%
43%
CBS News/New York Times March 28 – April 2, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
48%
47%
John McCain 43%
42%
Diageo/Hotline March 28–31, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
41%
44%
John McCain 50%
46%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal March 24–25, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
44%
44%
John McCain
John McCain
46%
42%
Pew Research Center March 19–22, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
49% John McCain 44%
43%
Fox News/Opinion Dynamics March 18–19, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
43%
John McCain
John McCain
43%
44%
CBS News March 15–18, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
44%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
46%
CNN/Opinion Research March 14–16, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
49%
47%
John McCain 47%
46%
USA Today/Gallup March 14–16, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
51%
49%
John McCain 46%
47%
Reuters/Zogby March 13–14, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
40%
40%
John McCain 48%
46%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal March 7–10, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
47%
47%
John McCain 45%
44%
Cook/RT February 28 – March 2, 2008 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 38%
Washington Post/ABC News February 28 – March 2, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
50%
52%
John McCain 44%
40%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg February 21–25, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
40%
42%
John McCain 46%
44%
Associated Press/Ipsos February 22–24, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
48%
51%
John McCain 43%
41%
Rasmussen Reports Tracking February 21–24, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
42%
45%
John McCain 47%
47%
USA Today/Gallup February 21–24, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
47%
John McCain 50%
48%
Pew Research February 20–24, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
50%
50%
John McCain 45%
43%
CBS News/New York Times February 20–24, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
50%
John McCain
John McCain
46%
38%
Fox News February 19–20, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
44%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
47%
43%
Diageo/Hotline February 14–17, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
40%
48%
John McCain
John McCain
48%
40%
Reuters/Zogby February 13–16, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
38%
47%
John McCain
John McCain
50%
40%
Associated Press/Ipsos February 7–10, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
46%
48%
John McCain 45%
42%
USA Today/Gallup February 8–9, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
48%
50%
John McCain
John McCain
49%
46%
Time Magazine February 1–4, 2008 Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama
44%
46%
John McCain
John McCain
44%
39%

Democratic field vs. Republican field

Poll Source Date administered Democrat % Republican %
Cook/RT January 31 – February 2, 2008 Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 45%
Hillary Clinton 48% Mitt Romney 42%
Barack Obama 45% John McCain 43%
Barack Obama 50% Mitt Romney 41%
ABC News/Washington Post January 30 – February 1, 2008 Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 49%
Hillary Clinton 53% Mitt Romney 41%
Barack Obama 49% John McCain 46%
Barack Obama 59% Mitt Romney 34%
Fox News/Opinion Dynamics January 30–31, 2008 Hillary Clinton 44% John McCain 45%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mitt Romney 36%
Barack Obama 44% John McCain 43%
Barack Obama 51% Mitt Romney 33%
National Public Radio January 29–31, 2008 Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 48%
Hillary Clinton 49% Mitt Romney 44%
Barack Obama 47% John McCain 48%
Barack Obama 53% Mitt Romney 41%
Rasmussen Reports January 25–27, 2008 Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 48%
Barack Obama 41% John McCain 47%
Rasmussen Reports January 21–22, 2008 Barack Obama 47% Mitt Romney 38%
Hillary Clinton 47% Mitt Romney 42%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal January 20–22, 2008 Barack Obama 42% John McCain 42%
Barack Obama 48% Mitt Romney 35%
Barack Obama 54% Rudy Giuliani 34%
Barack Obama 55% Mike Huckabee 33%
Hillary Clinton 44% John McCain 46%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mike Huckabee 41%
Hillary Clinton 52% Rudy Giuliani 37%
Hillary Clinton 52% Mitt Romney 36%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg January 18–22, 2008 Barack Obama 47% Mike Huckabee 37%
Barack Obama 41% John McCain 42%
Barack Obama 49% Rudy Giuliani 32%
Barack Obama 46% Mitt Romney 35%
Hillary Clinton 51% Mike Huckabee 38%
Hillary Clinton 53% Rudy Giuliani 37%
Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 42%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mitt Romney 39%
Rasmussen Reports January 18–20, 2008 Barack Obama 51% Mike Huckabee 35%
Rasmussen Reports January 18–20, 2008 Hillary Clinton 48% Mike Huckabee 40%
Rasmussen Reports January 16–17, 2008 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 41%
Rasmussen Reports January 16–17, 2008 Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 45%
USA Today/Gallup January 10–13, 2008 Barack Obama 53% Mike Huckabee 43%
Barack Obama 45% John McCain 50%
Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 50%
Hillary Clinton 51% Mike Huckabee 45%
Diageo/Hotline January 10–12, 2008 Barack Obama 41% John McCain 39%
Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 47%
Barack Obama 53% Mike Huckabee 30%
Hillary Clinton 48% Mike Huckabee 39%
Barack Obama 56% Mitt Romney 26%
Hillary Clinton 49% Mitt Romney 37%
Barack Obama 54% Rudy Giuliani 33%
Hillary Clinton 50% Rudy Giuliani 40%
John Edwards 48% Rudy Giuliani 31%
John Edwards 39% John McCain 47%
John Edwards 47% Mike Huckabee 31%
John Edwards 48% Mitt Romney 33%
Rasmussen Reports Poll January 9–10, 2008 Barack Obama 45% Mike Huckabee 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll January 9–10, 2008 Hillary Clinton 38% John McCain 49%
Rasmussen Reports Poll January 9–10, 2008 Hillary Clinton 42% Mike Huckabee 45%
CNN Poll January 9–10, 2008 Hillary Clinton 50% John McCain 48%
Hillary Clinton 55% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Hillary Clinton 56% Mike Huckabee 42%
Hillary Clinton 58% Mitt Romney 40%
Barack Obama 49% John McCain 48%
Barack Obama 56% Rudy Giuliani 40%
Barack Obama 58% Mike Huckabee 39%
Barack Obama 59% Mitt Romney 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 2–3, 2008 Barack Obama 45% Mitt Romney 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 2–3, 2008 Barack Obama 47% Rudy Giuliani 37%
Fox News Poll Dec 18–19, 2007 Barack Obama 40% John McCain 44%
Barack Obama 44% Mike Huckabee 35%
Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 47%
Hillary Clinton 47% Mike Huckabee 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 17–18, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 17–18, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Mitt Romney 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec ?-?, 2007 Barack Obama 43% John McCain 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec ?-?, 2007 Barack Obama 48% ? Fred Thompson 41% ?
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Dec 14–17, 2007 Barack Obama 49% Rudy Giuliani 40%
Barack Obama 48% Mike Huckabee 36%
Hillary Clinton 46% Mike Huckabee 44%
Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 43%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Dec 14–16, 2007 Barack Obama 51% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Barack Obama 53% Mike Huckabee 42%
Barack Obama 57% Mitt Romney 39%
Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Hillary Clinton 52% Mitt Romney 46%
Hillary Clinton 53% Mike Huckabee 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 12–13, 2007 John Edwards 46% John McCain 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 12–13, 2007 John Edwards 49% Mike Huckabee 37%
Battleground Poll Dec 9–12, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mitt Romney 44%
Barack Obama 46% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Barack Obama 48% Mitt Romney 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 10–11, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 10–11, 2007 Barack Obama 45% Mitt Romney 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 7–9, 2007 Barack Obama 50% Ron Paul 31%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 7–9, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Ron Paul 37%
CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll Dec 6–9, 2007 John Edwards 52% John McCain 44%
John Edwards 53% Rudy Giuliani 44%
John Edwards 59% Mitt Romney 37%
John Edwards 60% Mike Huckabee 35%
Barack Obama 48% John McCain 48%
Barack Obama 52% Rudy Giualiani 45%
Barack Obama 54% Mitt Romney 41%
Barack Obama 55% Mike Huckabee 40%
Hillary Clinton 48% John McCain 50%
Hillary Clinton 51% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Hillary Clinton 54% Mike Huckabee 44%
Hillary Clinton 54% Mitt Romney 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 5–6, 2007 John Edwards 44% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 5–6, 2007 John Edwards 44% Mike Huckabee 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 3–4, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 3–4, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Mitt Romney 43%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll Nov 30 – Dec 3, 2007 Barack Obama 44% Rudy Giuliani 39%
Barack Obama 45% Mitt Romney 33%
Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Hillary Clinton 47% Mitt Romney 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 30 – Dec 2, 2007 Barack Obama 45% Mike Huckabee 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 30 – Dec 2, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Mike Huckabee 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 28–29, 2007 Barack Obama 44% John McCain 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 28–29, 2007 Barack Obama 48% Mitt Romney 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 26–27, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 26–27, 2007 Barack Obama 48% Fred Thompson 41%
Zogby Polling Nov 21–26, 2007 Barack Obama 46% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Barack Obama 46% Mike Huckabee 40%
Barack Obama 46% Mitt Romney 40%
Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 40%
Barack Obama 45% John McCain 38%
John Edwards 42% John McCain 42%
John Edwards 43% Rudy Giuliani 42%
John Edwards 43% Mike Huckabee 42%
John Edwards 44% Mitt Romney 42%
John Edwards 45% Fred Thompson 42%
Hillary Clinton 39% Mike Huckabee 44%
Hillary Clinton 40% Fred Thompson 44%
Hillary Clinton 38% John McCain 42%
Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Hillary Clinton 40% Mitt Romney 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 19–20, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 19–20, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Fred Thompson 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 17–18, 2007 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 17–18, 2007 Barack Obama 46% Mitt Romney 40%
Fox Nov 13–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 45%
Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Hillary Clinton 49% Fred Thompson 40%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mitt Romney 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 12–13, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 12–13, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 7–8, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 7–8, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Mitt Romney 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 5–6, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 5–6, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 42%
NBC/Wall Street Journal Poll Nov 1–5, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 2–4, 2007 Barack Obama 49% Mike Huckabee 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 2–4, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Mike Huckabee 43%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Nov 2–4, 2007 Hillary Clinton 51% Rudy Giuliani 45%
CNN Poll Nov 2–4, 2007 Hillary Clinton 51% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Newsweek Poll Oct 31 – Nov 1, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Hillary Clinton 49% Fred Thompson 45%
Hillary Clinton 49% Mitt Romney 45%
John Edwards 48% Rudy Giuliani 45%
John Edwards 53% Fred Thompson 39%
John Edwards 53% Mitt Romney 37%
Barack Obama 48% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Barack Obama 52% Fred Thompson 39%
Barack Obama 53% Mitt Romney 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 31 – Nov 1, 2007 John Edwards 47% John McCain 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 31 – Nov 1, 2007 John Edwards 50% Mitt Romney 34%
WNBC/Marist Poll Oct 29 – Nov 1, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% Rudy Giuliani 40%
ABC/Washington Post Poll Oct 29 – Nov 1, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Hillary Clinton 52% John McCain 43%
Hillary Clinton 56% Fred Thompson 40%
Hillary Clinton 57% Mitt Romney 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 29–30, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 29–30, 2007 Barack Obama 44% Fred Thompson 43%
Quinnipiac University Poll Oct 23–29, 2007 Barack Obama 43% John McCain 43%
Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Barack Obama 45% Fred Thompson 37%
Barack Obama 46% Mitt Romney 36%
Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Hillary Clinton 44% John McCain 44%
Hillary Clinton 46% Fred Thompson 41%
Hillary Clinton 48% Mitt Romney 38%
John Edwards 41% Rudy Giuliani 44%
John Edwards 42% John McCain 42%
John Edwards 46% Fred Thompson 36%
John Edwards 47% Mitt Romney 34%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 26–28, 2007 Stephen Colbert 36% Ron Paul 32%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 26–28, 2007 Dennis Kucinich 32% Stephen Colbert 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 24–25, 2007 John Edwards 44% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 24–25, 2007 John Edwards 48% Fred Thompson 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 22–23, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 22–23, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Fred Thompson 45%
Democracy Corps Poll Oct 21–23, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Democracy Corps Poll Oct 21–23, 2007 Hillary Clinton 51% Fred Thompson 44%
Pew Research Poll Oct 17–23, 2007 Hillary Clinton 51% Rudy Giuliani 43%
LA Times/Bloomberg Poll Oct 19–22, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Hillary Clinton 48% John McCain 38%
Hillary Clinton 49% Fred Thompson 38%
Hillary Clinton 49% Mitt Romney 34%
Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 40%
Barack Obama 44% John McCain 36%
Barack Obama 42% Mitt Romney 32%
Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 31%
RT Strategies National Omnibus/Cook Political Report Poll Oct 18–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 39%
RT Strategies National Omnibus/Cook Political Report Poll Oct 18–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Mitt Romney 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 15–16, 2007 Barack Obama 44% John McCain 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 15–16, 2007 Barack Obama 48% Mitt Romney 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 15–16, 2007 Barack Obama 46% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 15–16, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 12–14, 2007 Barack Obama 50% Ron Paul 33%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 12–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Ron Paul 38%
CNN Poll Oct 12–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 10–11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% John McCain 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 10–11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Mitt Romney 41%
Fox News Poll Oct 9–10, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 44%
Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Hillary Clinton 50% Fred Thompson 38%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mitt Romney 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 8–9, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 8–9, 2007 Hillary Clinton 52% Fred Thompson 37%
NPR National Poll Oct 4–7, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Barack Obama 44% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Barack Obama 48% Fred Thompson 39%
Hillary Clinton 50% Fred Thompson 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 3–4, 2007 John Edwards 47% John McCain 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 3–4, 2007 John Edwards 52% Mitt Romney 35%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 1–2, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 1–2, 2007 Barack Obama 49% Fred Thompson 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 28–30, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Mike Huckabee 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 28–30, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Mike Huckabee 40%
ABC News/Washington Post Poll Sep 27–30, 2007 Hillary Clinton 51% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 26–27, 2007 John Edwards 50% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 26–27, 2007 John Edwards 49% Fred Thompson 39%
Fox News Poll Sep 25–26, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 39%
Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 39%
Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 35%
Barack Obama 41% Rudy Giuliani 40%
Barack Obama 40% John McCain 38%
Barack Obama 45% Fred Thompson 33%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 24–25, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 24–25, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Fred Thompson 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 21–23, 2007 Bill Richardson 40% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 21–23, 2007 Bill Richardson 41% Fred Thompson 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 19–20, 2007 Barack Obama 46% Mitt Romney 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 19–20, 2007 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 17–18, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 17–18, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 41%
The Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Sep 13–15, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 12–13, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 12–13, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Mitt Romney 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 10–11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 10–11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 43%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Sep 7–10, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Hillary Clinton 50% Fred Thompson 41%
Hillary Clinton 51% Mitt Romney 38%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mike Huckabee 36%
Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 38%
Barack Obama 51% Mitt Romney 34%
CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll Sep 7–9, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Hillary Clinton 55% Fred Thompson 42%
Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Barack Obama 53% Fred Thompson 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 4, 2007 Barack Obama 44% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 4, 2007 Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 29–30, 2007 John Edwards 45% John McCain 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 29–30, 2007 John Edwards 49% Mitt Romney 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 27–28, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 27–28, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 24–26, 2007 Barack Obama 48% Tom Tancredo 31%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 24–26, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% Tom Tancredo 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 22–23, 2007 John Edwards 49% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 22–23, 2007 John Edwards 49% Fred Thompson 35%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 20–21, 2007 Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 20–21, 2007 Barack Obama 45% Fred Thompson 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 17–19, 2007 Barack Obama 48% Mike Huckabee 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 17–19, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Mike Huckabee 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 15–16, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 15–16, 2007 Hillary Clinton 51% Mitt Romney 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 13–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 13–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Fred Thompson 43%
Quinnipiac University Poll Aug 7–13, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 41%
Hillary Clinton 49% Fred Thompson 38%
John Edwards 43% Rudy Giuliani 42%
John Edwards 45% John McCain 37%
John Edwards 49% Fred Thompson 32%
Barack Obama 42% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Barack Obama 43% John McCain 39%
Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 35%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 10–12, 2007 Joe Biden 34% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 10–12, 2007 Joe Biden 39% Fred Thompson 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 8–9, 2007 John Edwards 46% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 8–9, 2007 John Edwards 47% Fred Thompson 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 6–7, 2007 Barack Obama 44% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 6–7, 2007 Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 3–5, 2007 Bill Richardson 39% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 3–5, 2007 Bill Richardson 40% Fred Thompson 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 1–2, 2007 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Aug 1–2, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 30–31, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 30–31, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Fred Thompson 46%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Jul 27–30, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 41%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Jul 27–30, 2007 Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 27–29, 2007 Dennis Kucinich 34% Rudy Giualini 48%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 27–29, 2007 Dennis Kucinich 34% Fred Thompson 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 25–26, 2007 John Edwards 49% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 25–26, 2007 John Edwards 50% Fred Thompson 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 23–24, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 23–24, 2007 Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 20–22, 2007 Barack Obama 50% Ron Paul 30%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 20–22, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Ron Paul 34%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 18–19, 2007 John Edwards 45% Mitt Romney 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 18–19, 2007 John Edwards 52% John McCain 36%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Jul 17–18, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 42%
Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Hillary Clinton 47% Fred Thompson 38%
Hillary Clinton 50% Mitt Romney 35%
Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Barack Obama 47% John McCain 37%
Barack Obama 48% Fred Thompson 32%
George Washington University Battleground Poll Jul 15–18, 2007 Barack Obama 52% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Barack Obama 56% Fred Thompson 36%
Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Hillary Clinton 47% Fred Thompson 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 16–17, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Mitt Romney 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 16–17, 2007 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 13–15, 2007 Joe Biden 37% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 13–15, 2007 Joe Biden 38% Fred Thompson 40%
USA Today/Gaullup Poll Jul 12–15, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 45%
Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Barack Obama 51% Fred Thompson 40%
Zogby America Poll Jul 12–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 43%
Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 41%
Hillary Clinton 48% Mitt Romney 38%
Barack Obama 45% John McCain 42%
Barack Obama 46% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Barack Obama 48% Fred Thompson 40%
Barack Obama 49% Mitt Romney 35%
John Edwards 43% Rudy Giuliani 46%
John Edwards 43% John McCain 43%
John Edwards 46% Fred Thompson 40%
John Edwards 47% Mitt Romney 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 9–10, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jul 9–10, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 27–28, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Fred Thompson 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 27–28, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Mitt Romney 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 25–26, 2007 John Edwards 45% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 25–26, 2007 John Edwards 50% Fred Thompson 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 22–24, 2007 Barack Obama 41% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 22–24, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Fred Thompson 41%
CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll Jun 22–24, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Hillary Clinton 50% Fred Thompson 46%
Hillary Clinton 49% John McCain 47%
Barack Obama 46% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Barack Obama 52% Fred Thompson 40%
Barack Obama 48% John McCain 44%
Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Jun 21–23, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Hillary Clinton 45% Fred Thompson 40%
Hillary Clinton 48% Mitt Romney 38%
Barack Obama 42% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 35%
Barack Obama 47% Mitt Romney 34%
Newsweek Poll Jun 20–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 51% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Hillary Clinton 53% Fred Thompson 42%
Hillary Clinton 50% John McCain 45%
Hillary Clinton 55% Mitt Romney 40%
Barack Obama 49% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Barack Obama 53% Fred Thompson 39%
Barack Obama 51% John McCain 41%
Barack Obama 53% Mitt Romney 37%
John Edwards 48% Rudy Giuliani 46%
John Edwards 54% Fred Thompson 38%
John Edwards 50% John McCain 44%
John Edwards 57% Mitt Romney 36%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 20–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 20–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 18–19, 2007 Bill Richardson 38% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 18–19, 2007 Bill Richardson 35% Fred Thompson 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 15–17, 2007 John Edwards 49% John McCain 36%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 15–17, 2007 John Edwards 51% Mitt Romney 33%
Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Jun 15–17, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Hillary Clinton 42% Fred Thompson 42%
Hillary Clinton 45% Mitt Romney 38%
Barack Obama 42% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 33%
Barack Obama 47% Mitt Romney 31%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 13–14, 2007 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 38%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Jun 11–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Hillary Clinton 49% John McCain 46%
Hillary Clinton 53% Mitt Romney 40%
Barack Obama 50% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Barack Obama 48% John McCain 46%
Barack Obama 57% Mitt Romney 36%
John Edwards 50% Rudy Giuliani 45%
John Edwards 50% John McCain 44%
John Edwards 61% Mitt Romney 32%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 11–12, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 11–12, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% Mitt Romney 41%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Jun 8–11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Rudy Giuliani 43%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Jun 8–11, 2007 Barack Obama 50% Fred Thompson 31%
Quinnipiac University Poll Jun 5–11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Hillary Clinton 44% John McCain 42%
Hillary Clinton 46% Fred Thompson 39%
Barack Obama 42% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Barack Obama 43% John McCain 41%
Barack Obama 46% Fred Thompson 34%
Al Gore 45% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Al Gore 44% John McCain 41%
Al Gore 49% Fred Thompson 37%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll Jun 7–10, 2007 Hillary Clinton 39% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 45%
Hillary Clinton 41% Mitt Romney 43%
Barack Obama 46% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Barack Obama 47% John McCain 35%
Barack Obama 50% Mitt Romney 34%
John Edwards 46% Rudy Giuliani 43%
John Edwards 40% John McCain 45%
John Edwards 46% Mitt Romney 32%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 6–7, 2007 John Edwards 47% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 6–7, 2007 John Edwards 51% Fred Thompson 38%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Jun 5–6, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 43%
Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 38%
Hillary Clinton 46% Mitt Romney 36%
Barack Obama 41% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 34%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 4–5, 2007 Barack Obama 39% Rudy Giuliani 51%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jun 4–5, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 44%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Jun 1–3, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 52%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 30–31, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 30–31, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 48%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 29, 2007 Bill Richardson 39% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 29, 2007 Bill Richardson 38% John McCain 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 21–22, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Mike Huckabee 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 21–22, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Sam Brownback 41%
Zogby International May 17–20, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 47%
Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 41%
Hillary Clinton 48% Mitt Romney 40%
Barack Obama 48% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Barack Obama 46% John McCain 43%
Barack Obama 52% Fred Thompson 35%
Barack Obama 52% Mitt Romney 35%
John Edwards 43% Rudy Giuliani 47%
John Edwards 41% John McCain 46%
John Edwards 48% Fred Thompson 40%
John Edwards 50% Mitt Romney 36%
Bill Richardson 35% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Bill Richardson 31% John McCain 52%
Bill Richardson 39% Fred Thompson 40%
Bill Richardson 40% Mitt Romney 37%
Diageo/Hotline Poll May 16–20, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 43%
Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 41%
Barack Obama 42% John McCain 39%
John Edwards 42% Rudy Giuliani 43%
John Edwards 44% John McCain 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 16–17, 2007 John Edwards 53% Fred Thompson 32%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 16–17, 2007 John Edwards 54% Mitt Romney 33%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 14–15, 2007 Barack Obama 49% Fred Thompson 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 14–15, 2007 Barack Obama 49% Mitt Romney 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 9–10, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Fred Thompson 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 9–10, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Mitt Romney 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 7–8, 2007 John Edwards 47% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll May 7–8, 2007 John Edwards 48% John McCain 41%
Newsweek Poll May 2–3, 2007 Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Hillary Clinton 50% John McCain 44%
Hillary Clinton 57% Mitt Romney 35%
Barack Obama 50% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Barack Obama 52% John McCain 39%
Barack Obama 58% Mitt Romney 29%
John Edwards 50% Rudy Giuliani 44%
John Edwards 52% John McCain 42%
John Edwards 64% Mitt Romney 27%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 30 – May 1, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 30 – May 1, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% John McCain 44%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Apr 26–30, 2007 Hillary Clinton 41% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 43%
Hillary Clinton 47% Mitt Romney 33%
Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 36%
Barack Obama 46% John McCain 34%
Barack Obama 50% Mitt Romney 23%
John Edwards 44% Rudy Giuliani 38%
John Edwards 45% John McCain 36%
John Edwards 49% Mitt Romney 24%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 18–19, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 18–19, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 11–12, 2007 Bill Richardson 34% Rudy Giuliani 51%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 11–12, 2007 Bill Richardson 42% Mitt Romney 34%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 9–10, 2007 Barack Obama 48% John McCain 42%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 9–10, 2007 Barack Obama 52% Mitt Romney 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 4–5, 2007 John Edwards 49% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 4–5, 2007 John Edwards 50% Fred Thompson 36%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 2–3, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 2–3, 2007 Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Mar 28–29, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Mar 26–27, 2007 John Edwards 47% John McCain 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Mar 26–27, 2007 John Edwards 55% Mitt Romney 29%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Mar 21–22, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Fred Thompson 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Mar 21–22, 2007 Barack Obama 49% Fred Thompson 37%
Time Poll Mar 9–12, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 44% John McCain 43%
Barack Obama 44% Rudy Giuliani 43%
Barack Obama 44% John McCain 41%
American Research Group Mar 2–5, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Barack Obama 41% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 45%
Barack Obama 42% John McCain 46%
Newsweek Poll Feb 28 – Mar 1, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 48%
John Edwards 45% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 46%
Barack Obama 45% John McCain 43%
John Edwards 48% John McCain 43%
Hillary Clinton 53% Mitt Romney 38%
Barack Obama 54% Mitt Romney 34%
John Edwards 58% Mitt Romney 30%
Time Poll Feb 23–26, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 45%
Barack Obama 42% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Barack Obama 46% John McCain 42%
Zogby America Poll Feb 22–24, 2007 Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 39% John McCain 47%
Hillary Clinton 45% Mitt Romney 35%
Barack Obama 46% Rudy Giuliani 40%
Barack Obama 44% John McCain 40%
Barack Obama 51% Mitt Romney 29%
John Edwards 40% Rudy Giuliani 46%
John Edwards 38% John McCain 47%
John Edwards 47% Mitt Romney 32%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Feb 14–15, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Chuck Hagel 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Feb 14–15, 2007 Barack Obama 50% Chuck Hagel 34%
Quinnipiac University Poll Feb 13–19, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Hillary Clinton 44% John McCain 46%
Hillary Clinton 49% Mitt Romney 37%
Barack Obama 40% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Barack Obama 43% John McCain 43%
Barack Obama 49% Mitt Romney 29%
John Edwards 40% Rudy Giuliani 48%
John Edwards 42% John McCain 43%
John Edwards 48% Mitt Romney 32%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 49%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Barack Obama 39% Rudy Giuliani 45%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Barack Obama 41% Rudy Giuliani 45%
John Edwards 44% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 46%
Hillary Clinton 49% Mitt Romney 36%
Hillary Clinton 56% Newt Gingrich 36%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% John McCain 47%
Hillary Clinton 48% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Barack Obama 48% John McCain 48%
Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 52%
Times Union/Siena College Poll Feb 5–9, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 44%
Times Union/Siena College Poll Feb 5–9, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Newsweek Poll Jan 24–25, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% John McCain 44%
Barack Obama 48% John McCain 42%
John Edwards 48% John McCain 44%
Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Barack Obama 47% Rudy Giuliani 44%
John Edwards 46% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 56% Mitt Romney 37%
Barack Obama 56% Mitt Romney 30%
John Edwards 60% Mitt Romney 26%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 22–23, 2007 Bill Richardson 34% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 22–23, 2007 Bill Richardson 39% John McCain 43%
Time Poll Jan 22–23, 2007 Hillary Rodham Clinton 47% John McCain 47%
Time Poll Jan 22–23, 2007 Barack Obama 42% John McCain 49%
Time Poll Jan 22–23, 2007 John Edwards 42% John McCain 49%
Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Jan 18–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 48%
ABC News/Washington Post Poll Jan 16–19, 2007 Hillary Clinton 50% John McCain 45%
Barack Obama 47% John McCain 45%
Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Hillary Clinton 49% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 17–18, 2007 Barack Obama 47% John McCain 44%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 17–18, 2007 John Edwards 46% John McCain 43%
Newsweek Poll Jan 17–18, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% John McCain 47%
Barack Obama 46% John McCain 44%
John Edwards 48% John McCain 43%
Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Barack Obama 45% Rudy Giuliani 47%
John Edwards 48% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Jan 11–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 39% John McCain 48%
Barack Obama 38% John McCain 43%
John Edwards 35% John McCain 45%
Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Barack Obama 38% Rudy Giuliani 41%
John Edwards 41% Rudy Giuliani 40%
George Washington University Battleground Poll Jan 8–11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 53%
Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 53%
Barack Obama 41% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Barack Obama 39% John McCain 51%
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP Poll Jan 2–4, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Barack Obama 36% Rudy Giuliani 49%
John Edwards 42% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 48%
Barack Obama 36% John McCain 48%
John Edwards 43% John McCain 44%
Hillary Clinton 48% Mitt Romney 35%
Barack Obama 43% Mitt Romney 31%
John Edwards 53% Mitt Romney 29%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 18–19, 2006 Al Gore 43% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 18–19, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 47%
CNN Poll Dec 15–17, 2006 Barack Obama 43% John McCain 47%
Barack Obama 42% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Barack Obama 51% Mitt Romney 35%
Al Gore 47% John McCain 46%
Al Gore 46% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Al Gore 53% Mitt Romney 37%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 14–15, 2006 Hillary Clinton 45% John McCain 49%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 14–15, 2006 Al Gore 44% John McCain 49%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 12–13, 2006 John Edwards 41% John McCain 46%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 12–13, 2006 Barack Obama 40% John McCain 46%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll Dec 8–11, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 36% John McCain 50%
Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll Dec 8–11, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 42% Mitt Romney 36%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Dec 8–11, 2006 Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 47%
Barack Obama 38% John McCain 43%
John Edwards 43% John McCain 41%
Hillary Clinton 47% Mitt Romney 37%
National Public Radio Poll Dec 7, 9–10, 2006 Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 48%
National Public Radio Poll Dec 7, 9–10, 2006 Barack Obama 43% Mitt Romney 27%
Newsweek Poll Dec 6–7, 2006 Hillary Clinton 50% John McCain 43%
Hillary Clinton 48% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 58% Mitt Romney 32%
Barack Obama 43% John McCain 45%
Barack Obama 44% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Barack Obama 55% Mitt Romney 25%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Dec 5–6, 2006 Barack Obama 35% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Hillary Clinton 39% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Barack Obama 30% John McCain 49%
Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 48%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 4–5, 2006 Barack Obama 47% Mitt Romney 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Dec 4–5, 2006 John Edwards 50% Mitt Romney 37%
WNBC/Marist Poll Nov 27 – Dec 3, 2006 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 49%
WNBC/Marist Poll Nov 27 – Dec 3, 2006 Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 49%
WNBC/Marist Poll Nov 27 – Dec 3, 2006 Hillary Clinton 47% Condoleezza Rice 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 28–29, 2006 Barack Obama 48% Newt Gingrich 38%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 28–29, 2006 Hillary Clinton 50% Newt Gingrich 41%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 13–14, 2006 John Edwards 43% John McCain 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 13–14, 2006 John Edwards 41% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 13–14, 2006 John Edwards 50% Mike Huckabee 33%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 13–14, 2006 John Edwards 51% Mitt Romney 34%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 10–11, 2006 Tom Vilsack 32% John McCain 49%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 10–11, 2006 Tom Vilsack 39% Mitt Romney 35%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Nov 8–12, 2006 Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 45%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Nov 8–12, 2006 John Edwards 35% John McCain 42%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Nov 8–12, 2006 Barack Obama 35% John McCain 39%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 8–9, 2006 Al Gore 41% John McCain 48%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 8–9, 2006 Al Gore 44% Rudy Giuliani 47%
McLaughlin & Associates Poll (R) Nov 7, 2006 Hillary Clinton 35% John McCain 51%
McLaughlin & Associates Poll (R) Nov 7, 2006 Hillary Clinton 37% Rudy Giuliani 51%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 6–7, 2006 Barack Obama 39% John McCain 47%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 6–7, 2006 Barack Obama 39% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 6–7, 2006 Barack Obama 48% Mitt Romney 33%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 6–7, 2006 Barack Obama 50% Mike Huckabee 31%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 4–5, 2006 Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 48%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 4–5, 2006 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 46%
CNN Poll Nov 3–5, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 47% John McCain 48%
Hillary Rodham Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Barack Obama 40% John McCain 49%
Barack Obama 41% Rudy Giuliani 50%
John Kerry 37% John McCain 55%
John Kerry 40% Rudy Giuliani 53%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Oct 24–25, 2006 Clinton-Obama 40% McCain-Giuliani 48%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Oct 24–25, 2006 Barack Obama 38% John McCain 41%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Oct 24–25, 2006 Hillary Clinton 39% John McCain 45%
CNN Poll (Half sample) Oct 13–15, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 51% John McCain 44%
Hillary Rodham Clinton 48% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 48%
Hillary Clinton 50% Rudy Giuliani 46%
WNBC/Marist Poll Sep 18–20, 2006 Hillary Clinton 43% John McCain 48%
WNBC/Marist Poll Sep 18–20, 2006 Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 49%
WNBC/Marist Poll Sep 18–20, 2006 Hillary Clinton 49% Condoleezza Rice 43%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Aug 29–30, 2006 Hillary Clinton 39% John McCain 47%
Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Al Gore 40% John McCain 47%
Al Gore 42% Rudy Giuliani 46%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Jul 20–23, 2006 Hillary Clinton 37% John McCain 49%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 Hillary Clinton 47% John McCain 49%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 John Kerry 42% John McCain 52%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 Al Gore 43% John McCain 52%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Jun 21–25, 2006 Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 50%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Jun 21–25, 2006 John Edwards 36% John McCain 49%
Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Jun 1–4, 2006 Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 47%
Diageo/Hotline Poll May 18–21, 2006 Hillary Clinton 38% John McCain 49%
Diageo/Hotline Poll May 18–21, 2006 Al Gore 33% John McCain 51%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll May 16–18, 2006 Hillary Clinton 51% Jeb Bush 35%
Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 46%
Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Al Gore 50% Jeb Bush 33%
Al Gore 36% John McCain 48%
Al Gore 37% Rudy Giuliani 50%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Apr 21–24, 2006 Hillary Clinton 37% John McCain 46%
Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Apr 6–9, 2006 Hillary Clinton 37% John McCain 46%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Mar 14–15, 2006 Hillary Clinton 39% John McCain 50%
John Kerry 33% John McCain 53%
Al Gore 34% John McCain 52%
Hillary Clinton 39% Rudy Giuliani 51%
Hillary Clinton 50% Dick Cheney 37%
Al Gore 48% Dick Cheney 36%
Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Feb 23–26, 2006 Hillary Clinton 36% John McCain 48%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Feb 16–19, 2006 Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 50%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 13–15, 2006 John Kerry 45% Rudy Giuliani 48%
John Kerry 37% John McCain 54%
John Kerry 44% Condoleezza Rice 50%
John Edwards 44% Rudy Giuliani 47%
John Edwards 41% John McCain 47%
John Edwards 51% Condoleezza Rice 42%
Al Gore 42% Rudy Giuliani 53%
Al Gore 38% John McCain 55%
Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 48%
Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 52%
Hillary Clinton 49% Condoleezza Rice 44%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 7–8, 2006 Hillary Clinton 38% John McCain 51%
John Kerry 33% John McCain 53%
Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 51%
John Kerry 34% Rudy Giuliani 53%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Jan 12–15, 2006 Hillary Clinton 36% John McCain 52%
Zogby Poll Dec 6–8, 2005 Hillary Clinton 37% John McCain 52%
Hillary Clinton 46% Condoleezza Rice 47%
John Kerry 34% John McCain 55%
John Kerry 45% Condoleezza Rice 48%
Mark Warner 23% John McCain 58%
Mark Warner 32% Condoleezza Rice 50%
Quinnipiac University Poll Nov 28 – Dec 4, 2005 Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 44%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Nov 16–17, 2005 Hillary Clinton 38% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Hillary Clinton 37% John McCain 53%
John Kerry 41% Rudy Giuliani 49%
John Kerry 38% John McCain 50%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Nov 11–15, 2005 Hillary Clinton 39% John McCain 52%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Nov 4–7, 2005 Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 44%
Hillary Clinton 50% Bill Frist 37%
John Kerry 35% John McCain 53%
John Kerry 45% Bill Frist 35%
Marist College Poll Oct 12–13, 17, 2005 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 50%
Hillary Clinton 50% Condoleezza Rice 41%
John Kerry 40% Rudy Giuliani 53%
John Kerry 40% John McCain 51%
John Kerry 46% Condoleezza Rice 45%
John Edwards 43% Rudy Giuliani 48%
John Edwards 41% John McCain 49%
John Edwards 49% Condoleezza Rice 42%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Sep 27–28, 2005 Hillary Clinton 39% Rudy Giuliani 50%
Hillary Clinton 38% John McCain 49%
Hillary Clinton 46% Condoleezza Rice 43%
John Kerry 36% Rudy Giuliani 52%
John Kerry 35% John McCain 53%
John Kerry 43% Condoleezza Rice 45%
Al Gore 29% John McCain 57%
Al Gore 32% Rudy Giuliani 55%
Zogby Poll Jun 20–22, 2005 Hillary Clinton 35% John McCain 54%
Zogby Poll Jun 20–22, 2005 John Kerry 35% John McCain 55%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 25–26, 2005 Hillary Clinton 38% John McCain 45%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 25–26, 2005 Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 42%
Marist College Poll Apr 18–21, 2005 Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 50%
Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 47%
John Kerry 41% John McCain 51%
Hillary Clinton 55% Jeb Bush 38%
John Kerry 46% Rudy Giuliani 48%
John Edwards 43% John McCain 46%
John Edwards 48% Rudy Giuliani 45%
Moore Information Poll (R) Mar 21–23, 2005 Hillary Clinton 38% John McCain 49%
Moore Information Poll (R) Mar 21–23, 2005 Hillary Clinton 41% Rudy Giuliani 47%
Democracy Corps Poll (D) Mar 15–21, 2005 Hillary Clinton 50% Jeb Bush 47%
Quinnipiac University Poll Mar 2–7, 2005 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 44%
Quinnipiac University Poll Mar 2–7, 2005 Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 43%
Westhill Partners/Hotline Poll Feb 24–27, 2005 Bill Richardson 36% Arnold Schwarzenegger 27%
Marist College Poll Feb 14–16, 2005 Hillary Clinton 42% John McCain 54%
John Kerry 37% John McCain 55%
Hillary Clinton 47% Rudy Giuliani 49%
John Kerry 44% Rudy Giuliani 50%
John Edwards 39% John McCain 51%
John Edwards 43% Rudy Giuliani 49%
Hillary Clinton 51% Condoleezza Rice 43%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 29–30, 2005 Hillary Clinton 47% Condoleezza Rice 40%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 29–30, 2005 John Kerry 43% Condoleezza Rice 45%
Westhill Partners/Hotline Poll Jan 25–27, 2005 Hillary Clinton 46% Jeb Bush 37%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Dec 14–15, 2004 John Kerry 45% Jeb Bush 37%
Hillary Clinton 46% Jeb Bush 35%
Hillary Clinton 41% George Pataki 35%
Hillary Clinton 40% Bill Frist 33%
Quinnipiac University Poll Dec 7–12, 2004 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 45%

Three-way contest

See[3]

Poll Source Date Democrat(s) % Republican(s) % Independent(s) %
Fox News/Opinion Dynamics January 30–31, 2008 Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 41% Michael Bloomberg 6%
Fox News/Opinion Dynamics January 30–31, 2008 Hillary Clinton 46% Mitt Romney 30% Michael Bloomberg 8%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Nov 9-11, 2007 Hillary Clinton 43% Rudy Giuliani 38% Michael Bloomberg 11%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 19–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 35% Stephen Colbert 13%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Oct 19–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Fred Thompson 34% Stephen Colbert 12%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Sep 25–26, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 32% Mike Bloomberg 7%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll July 27–30, 2007 Hillary Clinton 42% Rudy Giuliani 34% Michael Bloomberg 11%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 41% John McCain 36% Mike Bloomberg 11%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Rudy Giuliani 37% Mike Bloomberg 7%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Fred Thompson 37% Mike Bloomberg 8%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 44% Mitt Romney 32% Mike Bloomberg 10%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Barack Obama 43% Rudy Giuliani 39% Mike Bloomberg 6%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Barack Obama 41% John McCain 37% Mike Bloomberg 9%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Barack Obama 44% Fred Thompson 36% Mike Bloomberg 7%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 Barack Obama 45% Mitt Romney 29% Mike Bloomberg 9%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 John Edwards 39% Rudy Giuliani 41% Mike Bloomberg 9%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 John Edwards 39% John McCain 36% Mike Bloomberg 11%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 John Edwards 42% Fred Thompson 37% Mike Bloomberg 8%
Zogby America Poll July 12–14, 2007 John Edwards 43% Mitt Romney 31% Mike Bloomberg 10%
Daily News Poll July 10–12, 2007 Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 33% Michael Bloomberg 10%
USA Today/Gallup Poll July 6–8, 2007 Hillary Clinton 45% Rudy Giuliani 39% Michael Bloomberg 12%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll June 26–27, 2007 Hillary Clinton 39% Rudy Giuliani 37% Michael Bloomberg 7%
CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll June 22–24, 2007 Hillary Clinton 41% Rudy Giuliani 38% Michael Bloomberg 17%
CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll June 22–24, 2007 Barack Obama 40% John McCain 34% Michael Bloomberg 21%
Newsweek Poll June 20–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% Rudy Giuliani 37% Michael Bloomberg 11%
Newsweek Poll June 20–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 48% Fred Thompson 33% Michael Bloomberg 13%
Newsweek Poll June 20–21, 2007 Hillary Clinton 46% John McCain 35% Michael Bloomberg 13%
Newsweek Poll June 20–21, 2007 Barack Obama 44% Rudy Giuliani 38% Michael Bloomberg 11%
Newsweek Poll June 20–21, 2007 Barack Obama 47% Fred Thompson 32% Michael Bloomberg 14%
Newsweek Poll June 20–21, 2007 Barack Obama 46% John McCain 35% Michael Bloomberg 11%
Rasmussen Reports (New Jersey) Poll June 3, 2007 Hillary Clinton 38% Rudy Giuliani 29% Michael Bloomberg 21%
Rasmussen Reports (New Jersey) Poll June 3, 2007 Barack Obama 32% Fred Thompson 20% Michael Bloomberg 32%
Rasmussen Reports (New Jersey) Poll June 3, 2007 John Edwards 34% Mitt Romney 18% Michael Bloomberg 32%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 40% Rudy Giuliani 46% Ralph Nader 5%
Cook Political Report/RT Strategies Poll Dec 14–17, 2006 Hillary Clinton 37% Rudy Giuliani 28% John McCain 20%
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll Dec 8–11, 2006 Hillary Clinton 40% John McCain 39% Michael Bloomberg 10%
WNBC/Marist Poll Nov 27 – Dec 3, 2006 Hillary Clinton 41% Rudy Giuliani 45% Donald Trump 7%
WNBC/Marist Poll Sep 18–20, 2006 Hillary Clinton 39% Rudy Giuliani 44% Michael Bloomberg 8%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Nov 11–15, 2005 Hillary Clinton 34% Jeb Bush 18% John McCain 40%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Nov 11–15, 2005 Hillary Clinton 35% Condoleezza Rice 20% John McCain 35%

Support likelihood

Poll Source Date Candidate Support Consider Oppose Never Heard Of Unsure
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Hillary Clinton 25% 30% 43% 2%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Barack Obama 17% 42% 32% 9%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Al Gore 12% 33% 52% 3%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 John Edwards 12% 45% 35% 8%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Rudy Giuliani 16% 51% 30% 3%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 John McCain 14% 44% 37% 5%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Newt Gingrich 6% 25% 64% 5%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Mitt Romney 7% 25% 44% 24%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Hillary Clinton 18% 34% 44% 3%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Rudy Giuliani 15% 44% 36% 5%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Barack Obama 12% 45% 34% 10%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 John McCain 9% 43% 40% 8%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 John Edwards 7% 39% 45% 9%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Newt Gingrich 7% 19% 64% 9%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 13–14, 2007 Ralph Nader 3% 14% 76% 8%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Hillary Clinton 33% 20% 45% 0% 2%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Rudy Giuliani 24% 30% 32% 10% 4%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Condoleezza Rice 24% 27% 43% 4% 2%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Al Gore 21% 24% 53% 0% 2%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 John McCain 20% 34% 32% 10% 4%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Barack Obama 20% 19% 24% 34% 3%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 John Kerry 16% 24% 55% 2% 3%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 John Edwards 15% 28% 36% 16% 5%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Newt Gingrich 10% 17% 58% 12% 3%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Joe Biden 7% 17% 34% 36% 6%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Mitt Romney 6% 13% 27% 48% 6%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Sam Brownback 3% 7% 23% 61% 6%
Newsweek Poll Nov 9–10, 2006 Duncan Hunter 1% 6% 19% 69% 5%
Time Poll Oct 3–4, 2006 Rudy Giuliani 17% 55% 19% 18%
Time Poll Oct 3–4, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 23% 36% 37% 5%
Time Poll Oct 3–4, 2006 John McCain 12% 56% 19% 13%
Time Poll Oct 3–4, 2006 Al Gore 16% 44% 35% 5%
Time Poll Oct 3–4, 2006 John Kerry 14% 43% 34% 9%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 Rudy Giuliani 17% 54% 14% 15%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 19% 41% 34% 6%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 John McCain 12% 52% 13% 22%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 Al Gore 16% 45% 32% 7%
Time Poll Jul 13–17, 2006 John Kerry 12% 48% 30% 10%
CNN Poll Jun 1–6, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 22% 28% 47% 3%
CNN Poll Jun 1–6, 2006 Al Gore 17% 32% 48% 3%
CNN Poll Jun 1–6, 2006 John Kerry 14% 35% 47% 4%
CNN Poll Jun 1–6, 2006 Rudolph Giuliani 19% 45% 30% 6%
CNN Poll Jun 1–6, 2006 John McCain 12% 48% 34% 6%
CNN Poll Jun 1–6, 2006 Jeb Bush 9% 26% 63% 2%
ABC News/Washington Post Poll May 11–15, 2006 Hillary Clinton 19% 38% 42% 1%
ABC News/Washington Post Poll May 11–15, 2006 John McCain 9% 57% 28% 6%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 7–8, 2006 Hillary Clinton 35% 19% 44% 2%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 7–8, 2006 Rudy Giuliani 33% 38% 24% 6%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 7–8, 2006 John McCain 30% 40% 22% 7%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 7–8, 2006 John Kerry 29% 23% 45% 3%
FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll Feb 7–8, 2006 Condoleezza Rice 14% 38% 46% 3%
CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll Jan 20–22, 2006 Hillary Rodham Clinton 16% 32% 51% 1%
Diageo/Hotline Poll Nov 11–15, 2005 John McCain 23% 46% 15% 15%
CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll May 20–22, 2005 Hillary Rodham Clinton 28% 31% 40% 1%
CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll Jun 9–10, 2003 Hillary Rodham Clinton 20% 33% 45% 2%

Democratic candidate

Republican candidate

Other polls

Candidate distinctions

Would you be willing to vote for a female presidential candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 88% 11%
Times Union/Siena College Poll Feb 6–9, 2007 81% 12%
Newsweek Poll Dec 6–7, 2006 86% 8%
CBS News/New York Times Poll Jan 20–25, 2006 92% 5%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Apr 6–7, 2005 72% 17%
Would you be willing to vote for an African American presidential candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 94% 5%
Rasmussen Reports Poll Jan 17–18, 2007 79% 12%
Newsweek Poll Dec 6–7, 2006 93% 3%
Would you be willing to vote for a Mormon (a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) presidential candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 72% 24%
Newsweek Poll Dec 6–7, 2006 66% 25%
Rasmussen Reports Nov 20, 2006 38% 43%
Would you be willing to vote for a Roman Catholic presidential candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 95% 4%
Would you be willing to vote for a Jewish presidential candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 92% 7%
Would you be willing to vote for a Hispanic presidential candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 87% 12%

Would you be willing to vote for a thrice-married candidate in 2008?

Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 67% 30%
Poll Source Date Comfortable Reservations Uncomfortable
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 54% 13% 30%

Would you be willing to vote for a seventy-two year old candidate in 2008?

Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 57% 42%
Poll Source Date Comfortable Reservations Uncomfortable
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 43% 15% 42%
Would you be willing to vote for a homosexual candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 55% 43%
Would you be willing to vote for an atheist candidate in 2008?
Poll Source Date Yes No
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 45% 53%

Candidate quality

If elected, would the following candidate make a good president or a bad president?
Poll Source Date Candidate Good Bad Unsure
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 Rudy Giuliani 65% 19% 15%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 Hillary Rodham Clinton 60% 35% 5%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 John McCain 60% 20% 20%
USA Today/Gallup Poll Feb 9-11, 2007 Barack Obama 53% 19% 28%
Which of the following choices most closely explains your reasons for planning not to vote?
Poll Source Date I don't like either of the major-party candidates It doesn't matter who you vote for, all politicians are the same I'm tired of choosing between the lesser of two evils I am not interested in politics I don't have the time My party has taken my vote for granted for too long Other
WND/Zogby Poll[4] August 7–10, 2008 6.8% 11.7% 12.7% 20.5% 22.6% 0.3% 25.4%
Would you like to see more viable political choices and political parties competing for your vote in the future?
Poll Source Date Yes No
WND/Zogby Poll[4] August 7–10, 2008 62.4% 34.1%

Candidate ideology

Do you think the following candidate is too liberal, too conservative, or about right?
Poll Source Date Candidate Too Liberal % Too Conservative % About Right % Unsure %
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Rudy Giuliani 16% 16% 51% 17%
WNBC/Marist Poll Feb 12–15, 2007 Hillary Clinton 39% 6% 44% 11%

See also

External links

  • U.S. Election Polltracker National opinion polls presented graphically, BBC News
  • AmericanResearchGroup.com state polls
  • ECOresearch US election 2008 web monitor
  • Election2008Polls.com polls by pollster
  • Election-Projection.net 2008 Electoral College vote projections
  • ireachable.com 2008 US elections online opinion poll
  • PollSmoking.com 2008 election survey
  • Select2008 issue based polling, candidate face-offs, and live results
  • StrategicVision.biz state polls
  • USAElectionPolls.com state by state polls
Aggregated
  • FiveThirtyEight.com weighted aggregate Electoral College polls
  • Electoral-vote.com maps of Electoral College and Senate polls by state
  • PollingReport.com polling questions and results
  • Pollster.com polls and charts

References

  1. ^ "Barr Wins 4% in National Horserace Including Minor Candidates". 
  2. ^ "CNN Poll: GOP takes brunt of blame for economy, Obama gains". 
  3. ^ "RealClearPolitics – Election 2008 – General Election: Giuliani, Clinton, Bloomberg". Realclearpolitics.com. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  4. ^ a b "Nearly 2 in 3 voters want someone else". 
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