World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Native American feminism

Article Id: WHEBN0042623880
Reproduction Date:

Title: Native American feminism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: First-wave feminism, Feminism in Australia, Feminism in Germany, Feminist theory, Index of feminism articles
Collection: Aboriginal Canadian Feminism, Native American Feminism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Native American feminism

Native American Feminism or Native Feminism aims to define and establish the struggles of inter-sectional relationships between race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, class and nations both in North America and in Canada for women.[1] "In fact, how women identify themselves varies according to tribe, geography, and country of origin. In Canada, indigenous women call themselves 'First Nations' or 'aboriginal', while in the United States; often they identify themselves as 'Native American' or 'American Indian' ".[2] Native feminism is a narrow branch of the more transnational Indigenous feminism which incorporates Indigenous perspectives and feminist theory and practice to create a more inclusive feminist practice for Indigenous people. It speaks to the need for self-determination and decolonization in Indigenous communities. The coined phrase "Feminist" or "Feminism" is something that scholars have been battling back and forth; Kate Shanley, a native feminist, believes that native women misunderstand “Feminism" and therefore do not want to associate with a white women’s movement.[3] But "Feminism" has a special meaning to Indian women, including the idea of promoting the continuity of tradition, and consequently, pursuing the recognition of Tribal sovereignty.[3][2] Tribal sovereignty should be central to the discussion of feminism, since it is truly a pivotal political concern in Indian Country.[2] In order for Native Americans to survive culturally and materially, they must fight and struggle for tribal sovereignty and nationalism so that they can govern themselves following their own institutions and worldview.[2] In order to accomplish this, Tribal sovereignty must be re-conceptualized from Native women's perspectives.[2] As Crystal Ecohawk states: Sovereignty is an active, living process within this knot of human, material and spiritual relationships bound together by mutual responsibilities and obligations. From that knot of relationships is born our histories, our identity, the traditional ways in which we govern ourselves, our beliefs, our relationship to the land, and how we feed, clothe, house and take care of our families, communities and Nations.[4][5]


  1. ^ Ramirez, Renya K. "Learning across Differences: Native and Ethnic Studies Feminisms", American Quarterly, Volume 60, Number 2, June 2008, pp. 303-307 (article) Published by The Johns Hopkins University Press
  2. ^ a b c d e Ramirez, Renya K. "Race, Tribal Nation, and Gender: A Native Feminist Approach to Belonging, Meridians, Volume 7, Number 2, (2007), pp. 22-40 Published by Indiana University Press
  3. ^ a b Shanley, Kate. 1984. "Thoughts on Indian Feminism." In A Gathering of Spirit: Writing and Art by North American Indian Women, edited by Beth Brant. Rockland, ME: Sinister Wisdom Books.
  4. ^ Ecohawk, Crystal, "Reflections on Sovereignty," Indigenous Women 3, No 1 (1999) pp. 21-22
  5. ^ Smith, Andrea "Native American Feminism, Sovereignty, and Social Change", Feminist Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Spring, 2005), pp. 116-132 Published by Feminist Studies, Inc.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.