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Nepal Police

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Title: Nepal Police  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Khadgajeet Baral, Law enforcement in Nepal, Nepal Police Flying Squad, Armed Police Force (Nepal), Government of Nepal
Collection: Law Enforcement in Nepal, Nepal Police, Security Forces of Nepal
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nepal Police

Nepal Police
Agency overview
Formed 1951 A.D. (2007 B.S.)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Governing body Government of Nepal
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Kathmandu
Agency executive Upendra Kant Aryal, Inspector General of Police
Nepal police on duty at Fulpati 2013 at Kathmandu Durbar Square at Kathmandu

Since law and order in the country.


  • Gallery 1
  • History 2
    • Prior to 1864 AD 2.1
    • During The Rana Regime (1864-1951 AD) 2.2
    • During The Period 1951 till 1990 2.3
    • From The Period 1990 Till Date 2.4
  • Chiefs of Nepal Police 3
  • Departments 4
  • National Police Academy 5
    • Crime Investigation Department 5.1
    • Administration Department 5.2
    • Human Resource Development Department 5.3
    • Operations Department 5.4
    • Metropolitan Police Commissioner's Office 5.5
    • Traffic Police Division 5.6
    • Central Polygraph Section 5.7
    • Research and Planning Directorate 5.8
  • References 6
  • External links 7



Prior to 1864 AD

The Police institution dates back to the ancient times as does the history and language of the country.

During The Rana Regime (1864-1951 AD)

During Rana Regime, little was done to institutionalize the Police Organisation, establishing MILISIYA, THANA POLICE CHAUKI, office of POICE DIRECTOR GENERAL etc. which gradually shaped The Nepal Police to this modern "Nepal Police".

During The Period 1951 till 1990

Nepal saw the dawn of democracy after the fall of the Rana regime. The Police Headquarters was established in 1952 in Kathmandu. Mr. Toran Shamsher J.B.Rana was appointed the first Inspector General of Police. The Police Act, 2012 BS (1955 AD) came into effect. The Police Regulation, 2015 BS (1959 AD) came into effect.

The Parliamentary Government under the multi-party system was adopted for some years which was followed by Panchayat System since 1960. The establishment of the Central Police Training Centre in 1963 A.D.

From The Period 1990 Till Date

The Peoples democratic movement of 1990 reinstated the multi party democratic system. The new constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on Nov. 9.1991. The Police Reform Commission was constituted in the year 1992 and Modernization of the Police Organisation started to tune with the aspirations of the people and norms of Multi-Party system. The first contingent of Police personnel was deployed in UN Mission in 1991. More than 2000 police personnel have already left their feet serving the international community in blue helmet. Nepal Police is the main and principle law enforcement agency of Nepal.

Nepal Police has total 67,416 police personnel and has 2,344 permanent and 507 temporary police offices/Units spread all over the country. The present chief of Nepal Police is IGP Upendra Kant Aryal. (From on November 16, 2013 by the decision of Government of Nepal, dated November 11, 2013)

Chiefs of Nepal Police

  1. Toran Shumsher J.B.R.
  2. Nara Shumsher J.B.R.
  3. Gyan Bahadur Yakthumba
  4. Gopal Shumsher J.B.R.
  5. Purna Singh Khawas
  6. Dhundi Raj Sharma
  7. Tirtha Bahadur Shah
  8. Pahal Singh Lama
  9. Rom Bahadur Thapa
  10. Khadgajeet Baral
  11. Durlav Kumar Thapa
  12. Dil Bahadur Lama
  13. Hem Bahadur Singh
  14. Ratna Shumsher J.B.R.
  15. Moti Lal Bohora
  16. Achyut Krishna Kharel
  17. Dhruba Bahadur Pradhan
  18. Pradip Shumsher J.B.R.
  19. Shyam Bhakta Thapa
  20. Om Bikram Rana
  21. Hem Bahadur Gurung
  22. Ramesh Chand Thakuri
  23. Rabindra Pratap Shah
  24. Kuber Singh Rana
  25. Upendra Kant Aryal [1]


There are four departments in the Police Headquarters that function to undertake the policing activities of Nepal Police. These departments are headed either by DIGP OR AIGP. In addition to the departments, there are National Police Academy and recently established Office of the Inspector General of Police that are also looked after by Additional Inspector General of Police.

National Police Academy=

AIGP Rajendra Singh Bhandari

Crime Investigation Department

AIGP Surendra Bahadur Shah

Administration Department

AIGP Birendra Babu Shrestha

Human Resource Development Department

AIGP Ramesh Shekhar Bajracharya

Operations Department

AIGP Ganeshraj Rai

Metropolitan Police Commissioner's Office

AIGP Bigyan Raj Sharma [2]

Traffic Police Division

Deputy Inspector General of Police Keshav Prasad Adhikari

About National Police Academy:

Research and Planning Directorate

Research and Planning (R&P)Directorate of Nepal Police was established in 1987 as the research and planning division. Now, the R&P Directorate is responsible for conducting research on the issues of institutional development and service delivery and making the plans based on the findings of the research. The directorate is responsible for conducting research and formulating plans based on the research.

Altogether 17 Research and planning sections have been established at departmental and regional levels under R&P Directorate to build a quick network to facilitate research and planning activities of Nepal police.


  1. ^ "Police History - Ex-Chief of Police". Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  2. ^ [1]

External links

  • Official website of the Nepal Police
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