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New England French

New England French
français de nouvelle-angleterre
Native to New England (primarily Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont)
Native speakers
120,000  (2001)
Language codes
ISO 639-3

New England French (French: français de nouvelle-angleterre) is a variety of Canadian French spoken in the New England region of the United States.[1] French speakers make up 3.73% of Maine's population, 1.98% in New Hampshire and 1.61% in Vermont, and in some communities in Maine they are in the majority. In other New England states, French speakers form 1.06% of Massachusetts' population (counting Haitians), 1.05% of Connecticut's population and 1.15% of Rhode Island's population.[2]

New England French is one of the three major forms of the French language that developed in what is now the U.S., the others being Louisiana French and the nearly extinct Missouri French. The dialect is endangered, but its use is supported by bilingual education programs in place since 1987.[1]

Contents

  • Number of French-speakers by state 1
  • Francophone communities in New England 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Number of French-speakers by state

State Number of speakers
Maine[2] 47,066
New Hampshire[2] 24,697
Vermont[2] 9,543
Massachusetts[2] 65,874
Connecticut[2] 35,565
Rhode Island[2] 11,477

Francophone communities in New England

French language spoken at home by more than 10% of the population: [3] [4]
Community Population (2010 census) Percent French-speaking
Lewiston, Maine 36,592 14.8%
Biddeford, Maine 21,277 13.0%
Berlin, New Hampshire 10,051 18.8%
Sabattus, Maine 4,876 12.3%
Fort Kent, Maine 4,097 53.8%
Madawaska, Maine 4,035 66.6%
Holden, Maine 3,076 10.4%
Colebrook, New Hampshire 2,301 12.8%
Van Buren, Maine 2,171 59.8%
Milan, New Hampshire 1,337 14.5%
Frenchville, Maine 1,087 79.3%
Canaan, Vermont 1,078 26.1%
Stewartstown, New Hampshire 1,004 11.3%
Eagle Lake, Maine 864 44.4%
Jackman, Maine 862 12.7%
St. Agatha, Maine 747 68.3%
Holland, Vermont 588 10.7%
Wallagrass, Maine 546 56.9%
St. Francis, Maine 485 47.0%
Grand Isle, Maine 467 64.2%
Portage Lake, Maine 391 12.6%
New Canada, Maine 321 48.8%
Caswell, Maine 306 18.8%
Dummer, New Hampshire 304 10.6%
Errol, New Hampshire 291 10.5%
Saint John Plantation, Maine 267 46.6%
Clarksville, New Hampshire 265 18.6%
Stockholm, Maine 253 10.4%
Allagash, Maine 239 11.1%
Hamlin, Maine 219 44.8%
Moose River, Maine 218 10.0%
Norton, Vermont 214 26.9%
Cyr Plantation, Maine 103 59.0%
Ferdinand, Vermont 33 19.4%
Wentworth's Location, New Hampshire 33 28.6%

See also


References

  1. ^ a b Ammon, Ulrich; International Sociological Association (1989). Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 306–308.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (B16001): All States Within United States, 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (B16001): All County Subdivisions within Maine, 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (B16001): All County Subdivisions within New Hampshire, 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
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