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New Mexico Territory's at-large congressional district

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New Mexico Territory's at-large congressional district

New Mexico Territory's At-large congressional district is an obsolete congressional district representing the New Mexico Territory, which was created in 1850. After New Mexico's admission to the Union as the 47th state by act of Congress on January 6, 1912, this district was dissolved and replaced by New Mexico's At-large congressional district.

Pre-territorial delegate

While the general boundaries of the territory were established following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, Congress did not formally organize the territory right away. Despite the uncertain status of the region, political leaders met in September 1849, and elected Hugh N. Smith as its Congressional delegate.[1] Smith presented his credentials to Congress on February 4, 1850, but the House refused to seat him, ruling that no territorial government existed and no authority to elect a delegate had been granted.[1][2]

List of delegates

On September 9, 1850, following the passage of the Compromise of 1850, New Mexico Territory was officially created by an act of Congress and was given the authority to elect a delegate.[1][2][3]

Delegate Party Years District home Notes
District created March 4, 1851
Richard H. Weightman Democratic March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853 Santa Fe
José Manuel Gallegos Democratic March 4, 1853 – July 23, 1856 Albuquerque Lost contested election
Miguel A. Otero Democratic July 23, 1856 – March 3, 1861 Albuquerque Won contested election
John S. Watts Republican March 4, 1861 – March 3, 1863 Santa Fe
Francisco Perea Republican March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865 Bernalillo
J. Francisco Chaves Republican March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1867 Santa Fe
Vacant March 4, 1867 – September 2, 1867
Charles P. Clever Democratic September 2, 1867 – February 20, 1869 Santa Fe Lost contested election
J. Francisco Chaves Republican February 20, 1869 – March 3, 1871 Santa Fe Won contested election
José Manuel Gallegos Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 Santa Fe
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Stephen B. Elkins
Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1877 Santa Fe
Trinidad Romero Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1879 Las Vegas
Mariano S. Otero Republican March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1881 Peralta
Tranquilino Luna Republican March 4, 1881 – March 5, 1884 Los Lunas Lost contested election
Francisco A. Manzanares Democratic March 5, 1884 – March 3, 1885 Las Vegas Won contested election
Antonio Joseph Democratic March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1895 Ojo Caliente
Thomas B. Catron Republican March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1897 Santa Fe
H. B. Fergusson Democratic March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899 Albuquerque
Pedro Perea Republican March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1901 Bernalillo
Bernard S. Rodey Republican March 4, 1901 – March 3, 1905 Albuquerque
William H. Andrews Republican March 4, 1905 – January 7, 1912 Albuquerque
District eliminated January 7, 1912

References

Coordinates: 34°N 106°W / 34°N 106°W / 34; -106

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