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New York's 3rd congressional district

New York's 3rd congressional district
New York 's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
New York 's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Steve Israel (DDix Hills)
Cook PVI EVEN

The 3rd district of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives currently represented by Steve Israel.

The district includes most of the North Shore of Long Island. It expands from northwestern Suffolk County, across northern Nassau County, and into far northeastern Queens. Long Island communities in the district include Huntington, Northport, Commack, Dix Hills, Plainview, Hicksville, Syosset, Glen Cove, Port Washington, and Great Neck. Queens neighborhoods in the district include Little Neck and Whitestone.

From 2003-2013, the district included southwestern Suffolk County and the eastern half of Nassau County, with some parts as far west as Island Park and Long Beach. Much of this area is now the 2nd district; in effect, Israel traded district numbers with Republican Peter T. King.

Contents

  • Recent statewide election results 1
  • History of the district 2
  • List of representatives 3
    • 1789–1805: one seat 3.1
    • 1805–1809: two seats on general ticket with 2nd District 3.2
    • 1809–1823: one seat 3.3
    • 1823–1843: three, then four, seats 3.4
    • 1843–present 3.5
  • Election results 4
  • Historical district boundaries 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7

Recent statewide election results

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 44–42%
1996 President Clinton 53–38%
2000 President Gore 52–44%
2004 President Bush 52–47%
2008 President Obama 54–46%
2012 President Obama 51–48%[1]

History of the district

This district historically has been centered in northeast Nassau County, but has added other areas from time to time. In the 1960s the district encompassed the northern half of Nassau County and a small corner of Queens. In the 1970s North Hempstead town was added to the 6th District and the 3rd moved into Huntington in Suffolk County and parts of southeast Nassau County. In the 1980s most of eastern Nassau was added to the 4th District, and the 3rd was composed of northwest Nassau, a narrow corridor along LI Sound, and northwest Suffolk. After the 1992 redistricting the North Shore was transferred to the new 5th District and the 3rd consisted of inland areas of northern and eastern Nassau County, and the Nassau County south shore. An even narrower corridor linked the northwest Nassau and northwest Suffolk portion of the 5th District, leaving most of Oyster Bay in the 3rd. The 2002 remap removed some areas of eastern Nassau, but added south shore towns in Suffolk County and the shore areas of northeast Nassau. In 2012, the district moved from the South Shore to the North Shore and re-entered Queens for the first time since the 1960s.

List of representatives

1789–1805: one seat

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Egbert Benson Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
First elected in 1789
Re-elected in 1790
Philip Van Cortlandt Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
First elected in 1793
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1803
Re-elected in 1794
Re-elected in 1796
Re-elected in 1798
Re-elected in 1800
Redistricted to the 4th district
Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
November 22, 1804
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected here in 1802
Resigned when elected to the U.S. Senate
Vacant November 22, 1804 –
February 14, 1805
George Clinton, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
February 14, 1805 –
March 3, 1805
Elected to finish Mitchell's term

1805–1809: two seats on general ticket with 2nd District

Note: Samuel L. Mitchill to the U.S. Senate, and Mitchill had been elected previously in the 3rd District. However, Mitchill was already re-elected at the United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1804 on the 2nd/3rd general ticket, and both Clinton and Mumford were elected in special elections, receiving votes in both districts.

Congress Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
9th March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected in 1807
The districts were separated again
George Clinton, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected in 1807
The districts were separated again
10th March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809

1809–1823: one seat

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Jonathan Fisk Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Elected in 1808
Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1810
Peter Denoyelles Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1812
Jonathan Ward Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1814
Caleb Tompkins Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1816
Re-elected in 1818
Vacant March 4 –
December 3, 1821
The 1820/21 elections were held in April 1821, after the congressional term had already begun. It is not clear when the result was announced or the credentials were issued.
Retired
Jeremiah H. Pierson Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823

1823–1843: three, then four, seats

Starting in 1823, three seats were elected at-large district-wide on a general ticket. In 1833, a fourth seat was apportioned to the district, also elected district-wide at-large on the same general ticket.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825

Churchill C. Cambreleng
Crawford Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822 Peter Sharpe Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Elected in 1822

Lost re-election
John J. Morgan Jackson Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822 4th seat added in 1823
19th March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian Re-elected in 1824 Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian Elected in 1824
Gulian C. Verplanck
Jacksonian Elected in 1824
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Re-elected in 1826 Re-elected in 1826

Re-elected in 1826
21st March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Re-elected in 1828 Campbell P. White Jacksonian Elected in 1828 Re-elected in 1828
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Re-elected in 1830 Re-elected in 1830 Re-elected in 1830
23rd March 4, 1833 –
May 14, 1834
Re-elected in 1832 Re-elected in 1832 Dudley Selden Jacksonian Elected in 1832

Resigned

Cornelius Lawrence
Jacksonian Elected in 1832

Resigned to become Mayor of New York City
May 15, 1834 –
July 2, 1834
Vacant
July 3, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Vacant
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
John J. Morgan Jacksonian Elected to finish Selden's term

Charles G. Ferris Jacksonian Elected to finish Lawrence's term

24th March 4, 1835 –
October 2, 1835
Re-elected in 1834 Re-elected in 1834

Resigned
Ely Moore Jacksonian Elected in 1834 John McKeon Jacksonian Elected in 1834

Lost re-election
October 3, 1835 –
December 6, 1835
Vacant
December 7, 1835 –
March 3, 1837

Gideon Lee
Jacksonian Elected to finish White's term
Retired
25th March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Democratic Re-elected in 1836

Lost re-election
Edward Curtis Whig Elected in 1836 Democratic Re-elected in 1836
Ogden Hoffman
Whig Elected in 1836
26th March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Moses H. Grinnell Whig Elected in 1838

Lost re-election
Re-elected in 1838

Retired
James Monroe Whig Elected in 1838

Lost re-election
Re-elected in 1838

27th March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Charles G. Ferris Democratic Elected in 1840


Fernando Wood
Democratic Elected in 1840

Lost re-election
James I. Roosevelt Democratic Elected in 1840

Retired
John McKeon Democratic Elected in 1840

Lost re-election

1843–present

The single-seat district was restored in 1843.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
William S. Miller American March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Henry Nicoll Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Emanuel B. Hart Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Hiram Walbridge Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Guy R. Pelton Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Daniel Sickles Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
Benjamin Wood Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Redistricted to the 4th district
Moses F. Odell Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Redistricted from the 2nd district
James Humphrey Republican March 4, 1865 –
June 16, 1866
Died
Vacant June 16, 1866 –
December 4, 1866
John W. Hunter Democratic December 4, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
William E. Robinson Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Henry Warner Slocum Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
Stewart L. Woodford Republican March 4, 1873 –
July 1, 1874
Resigned
Vacant July 1, 1874 –
November 3, 1874
Simeon B. Chittenden Independent Republican November 3, 1874 –
March 3, 1877
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
J. Hyatt Smith Independent March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
Darwin R. James Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
Stephen V. White Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
William C. Wallace Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
William J. Coombs Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
Redistricted to the 4th district
Joseph C. Hendrix Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Francis H. Wilson Republican March 4, 1895 –
September 30, 1897
Resigned to become Postmaster of Brooklyn
Vacant September 30, 1897 –
December 6, 1897
Edmund H. Driggs Democratic December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Henry Bristow Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Charles T. Dunwell Republican March 3, 1903 –
June 12, 1908
Died
Vacant June 12, 1908 –
November 3, 1908
Otto G. Foelker Republican November 3, 1908 –
March 3, 1911
James P. Maher Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted to the 5th district
Frank E. Wilson Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Redistricted from the 4th district
Joseph V. Flynn Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
John MacCrate Republican March 4, 1919 –
December 30, 1920
Resigned to become justice to the New York Supreme Court
Vacant December 30, 1920 –
March 4, 1921
John Kissel Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Lost re-election
George W. Lindsay Democratic March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1935
Lost renomination
Joseph L. Pfeifer Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted to the 8th district
Henry J. Latham Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted to the 4th district
Frank J. Becker Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 5th district
Steven Derounian Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Lester L. Wolff Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted to the 6th district
Angelo D. Roncallo Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Lost re-election
Jerome A. Ambro, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
Lost re-election
Gregory W. Carman Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Retired
Robert J. Mrazek Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Peter T. King Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
Redistricted to 2nd district
Steve Israel Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from 2nd district

Election results

In New York State there are numerous parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1996: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 127,972 55.3
Democratic Dal LaMagna 97,518 42.1
Right to Life John J. O'Shea 4,129 1.8
Liberal John A. DePrima 1,807 0.8
Majority 30,454 13.2
Turnout 231,426 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 117,258 64.3 +9.0
Democratic Kevin N. Langberg 63,628 34.9 -7.2
Liberal Thomas R. DiLavore 1,497 0.8 +0.0
Majority 53,630 29.4 +16.2
Turnout 182,383 100 -21.2
US House election, 2000: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 143,126 59.5 -4.8
Democratic Dal LaMagna 95,787 39.8 +4.9
Liberal Selma Olchin 1,515 0.6 -0.2
Majority 47,339 19.7 -9.7
Turnout 240,428 100 +31.8
US House election, 2002: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 121,537 71.9 +12.4
Democratic Stuart L. Finz 46,022 27.2 -12.6
Liberal Janeen DePrima 1,513 0.9 +0.3
Majority 75,515 44.7 +25.0
Turnout 169,072 100 -29.7
US House election, 2004: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 171,259 63.0 -8.9
Democratic Blair H. Mathies, Jr. 100,737 37.0 +9.8
Majority 70,522 25.9 -18.8
Turnout 271,996 100 +60.9
US House election, 2006: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 101,787 56.0 -7.0
Democratic Dave Mejias 79,843 44.0 +7.0
Majority 21,944 12.1 -13.8
Turnout 181,630 100 -33.2
US House election, 2008: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 135,648 64.0 +8.0
Democratic Graham Long 76,918 36.0 -7.0
Turnout 212,566 100 -33.2
US House election, 2010: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 126,142 72.0 +8.0
Democratic Howard Kudler 48,963 28.0 -8.0
Turnout 175,105 100 -33.2

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.swingstateproject.com/showDiary.do?diaryId=4161
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  • National atlas congressional maps

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