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New-York Tribune

The New-York Tribune
The November 16, 1864 issue of the
New-York Tribune
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Founded 1841
Ceased publication 1966
Headquarters New York, New York, U.S.

The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established by Horace Greeley in 1841. Between 1842 and 1866, the newspaper bore the name New-York Daily Tribune.[1] From the 1840s through the 1860s it was the dominant Whig Party and then Republican newspaper in the U.S. The paper achieved a circulation of approximately 200,000 during the decade of the 1850s, making it the largest in New York City and perhaps the nation. The Tribune's editorials were widely read and helped shape national opinion.

In 1924 it was merged with the New York Herald to form the New York Herald Tribune, which in turn ceased publication in 1966.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Establishment 1.1
  • New paper, same name 2
  • Former Tribune buildings today 3
  • In popular culture 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • Primary sources 7
  • External links 8

History

Establishment

Tribune was created by Horace Greeley in 1841 with the goal of providing a straightforward, trustworthy media source in an era when newspapers such as the Log Cabin. In 1841, he merged operations of these two publications into a new newspaper, the New-York Tribune.

Daguerrotype of the Tribune editorial staff by Mathew Brady, circa 1850s. Horace Greeley is seated, second from the right. Legendary editor Charles Dana is standing, center.

The Tribune did reflect some of Horace Greeley's idealist views. The journal retained Karl Marx as its London-based European correspondent in 1852. The arrangement provided Marx with much needed income during a period of his life in which his friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels could only provide limited financial support.[2] The arrangement, whereby Engels also submitted articles under Marx's by-line, lasted ten years, with the final Marx column being published in February 1862.[3]

During Greeley's editorship, the paper was aided by able writers including Julius Chambers and Henry Jarvis Raymond.[4]

In 1854 the paper joined the newly formed Republican Party—Greeley chose the party's name—and emphasized opposition to slavery. During the American Civil War (1861–1865) the Tribune usually spoke for the Radical Republican faction that was very hostile to the Confederacy and wanted slavery abolished immediately.

The paper generated a large readership, with a circulation of approximately 200,000 during the decade of the 1850s.[2] This made the paper the largest circulation daily in New York City and perhaps in the entire United States — gaining commensurate influence among voters and political decision-makers in the process.[5]

During the first few months of the war, the paper's "on to Richmond" slogan pressured Union general Irvin McDowell into advancing on the Confederate capital of Richmond before his army was ready, resulting in the defeat at the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861. After the failure of the Peninsular Campaign in the spring of 1862, the Tribune pressured President Abraham Lincoln into installing John Pope as commander of the Army of Virginia. During the 1863 Draft Riots a mob tried to burn down the Tribune building which lacked the Gatling guns of the nearby New York Times. [6]

Following Greeley's defeat by University of Texas at Austin.

New paper, same name

The New York Tribune building, today the site of One Pace Plaza

A "new" New York Tribune debuted in 1976 in New York City. The paper, which was originally named The News World and later changed to The New York City Tribune, was published by News World Communications, Inc., owned by the Unification Church. It was published in the former Tiffany and Company Building at 401 Fifth Avenue until it printed its last edition on January 3, 1991.[8] Its sister paper, The Washington Times, is circulated primarily in the nation's capital. The Tribune carried an expansive "Commentary" section of opinions and editorials. Former New York City Mayor Ed Koch was one of the columnists.

Former Tribune buildings today

In popular culture

  • The Tribune was referenced in one rendition of the popular 19th-century ballad, "No Irish Need Apply",[9] as performed by Tony Pastor, as the paper of choice of the anti-Irish antagonist in the song.

References

  1. ^ [3]
  2. ^ a b Saul K. Padover, Karl Marx: An Intimate Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978; pg. 301.
  3. ^ Padover, Karl Marx, pg. 605.
  4. ^ Sandburg, Carl (1942). Storm Over the Land. Harcourt, Brace and Company. 
  5. ^ Padover, Karl Marx, pp. 301-302.
  6. ^ NYC Riots By William F.B. Vodrey, Cleveland Civil War Round Table
  7. ^ "About New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924," Library of Congress.
  8. ^ New York Times. (Late Edition (East Coast)). New York, N.Y.: January 5, 1991 [4]
  9. ^ Library of Congress: American Memory website (name search required for accession)

Further reading

  • Anon. "The New York Tribune - A Sketch of Its History" (1883)short pamphlet
  • "About New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924".  
  • Baehr, Harry W, The New York tribune since the Civil War (1936)
  • Borchard, Gregory A. (2008). "New York Tribune". In Vaughn, Stephen L. Encyclopedia of American Journalism (1st ed.). Abingdon, UK:  
  • Isely, Jeter A. Horace Greeley and the Republican Party, 1853-1861: A study of the New York Tribune (1947)
  • Kluger, Richard, and Phyllis Kluger. The Paper: The Life and Death of the New York Herald Tribune (1986)
  • Seitz, Don C. Horace Greeley: Founder of the New York Tribune (1926) online edition
  • Van Deusen, Glyndon G. Horace Greeley, Nineteenth-Century Crusader (1953), standard biography online edition

Primary sources

  • Index, 1875-1895New York Tribune U.S. Library of Congress
  • text of many issues

External links

  • Works by or about New-York Tribune at Internet Archive
  • Works by New-York Tribune at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
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