New York gubernatorial election, 1904

The 1904 New York state election was held on November 8, 1904, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer, the State Engineer, the Chief Judge and an associate judge of the New York Court of Appeals, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.


The Prohibition state convention met on June 14 and 15 at Oswego, New York. Henry W. Wilbur was Temporary Chairman until the choice of Alfred L. Manierre as Permanent Chairman.[1] They nominated John McKee, of Brooklyn, for Governor; Alden W. Young for Lieutenant Governor; James C. Carpenter, of New York City, for Secretary of State; Ira W. Littlefield, of Watertown, for Comptroller; C. A. Shipplebein, of Glens Falls, for Treasurer; and George E. Hillman, of Rochester, for Attorney General.[2]

The Socialist Labor state convention met on July 7 at 2, New Reade Street in Manhattan. They nominated Daniel De Leon for Governor; Boris Reinstein, of Buffalo, for Lieutenant Governor; Anton Metzler for Secretary of State; James A. Trainor, of Syracuse, for Comptroller; Harvey A. Santee, of New York City, for Treasurer; Frank E. Passanno for Attorney General; and Orcus A. Curtis, of Buffalo, for the Court of Appeals.[3]

The 1904 Democratic National Convention nominated the Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals Alton B. Parker for U.S. President. Upon accepting the nomination, he resigned his judicial office on August 5, and a month later Democrat Edgar M. Cullen was appointed by Republican Governor Benjamin B. Odell, Jr., to fill the vacancy, as part of a cross-endorsement deal to elect also Republican associate judge William E. Werner.

The Republican state convention met on September 14 and 15 at Saratoga, New York. Jacob Sloat Fassett was Temporary Chairman until the choice of George R. Malby as Permanent Chairman. The convention was marked by the fight between the two Republican bosses: Governor Odell and Thomas C. Platt. Odell's candidate, the incumbent Lieutenant Governor Higgins, was nominated by acclamation after Platt's man, Ex-Lieutenant Governor Timothy L. Woodruff, withdrew. All other candidates were also nominated by acclamation.[4]

On September 16, the Populist State Committee selected a ticket to be circulated to gather the necessary signatures for the petition to file the ticket. They nominated Alfred J. Boulton for Governor; Charles Spaulding, of Buffalo, for Lieutenant Governor; Orsen L. Drew, of Rochester, for Secretary of State; Louis Manz, of Rochester, for Comptroller; Frank S. Rose, of Albany, for Treasurer; John F. Gaffney, Utica, for Attorney General; Simon G. Levy, of New York City, for State Engineer; Edward N. Heath, of Buffalo, for Chief Judge; and Augustus Babcock, of Binghamton, for associate judge of the Court of Appeals.[5] The petition was filed with the Secretary of State in October.[6]

The Democratic state convention met on September 21 at Saratoga, New York.[7]


The whole Republican ticket was elected.

The incumbents O'Brien, Kelsey, Van Alstyne and Cullen were re-elected. The incumbent Cunneen was defeated.

The Republican, Democratic, Social Democratic and Prohibition parties maintained automatic ballot status (necessary 10,000 votes), the Socialist Labor Party lost it, and the re-founded People's party did not attain it.

1904 state election results
Office Republican ticket Democratic ticket Social Democratic[8] ticket Prohibition ticket Socialist Labor ticket People's ticket
Governor Frank W. Higgins 813,264 D. Cady Herrick 732,704 Thomas Pendergast 36,259 John McKee 20,568 Daniel De Leon 8,976 Alfred J. Boulton[9] 6,015
Lieutenant Governor M. Linn Bruce 826,720 Francis B. Harrison 718,613 Charles R. Bach Alden W. Young[10] Boris Reinstein Charles Spaulding
Secretary of State John F. O'Brien 841,389 John Pallace, Jr.[11] 702,699 James C. Carpenter Anton Metzler[12] Orsen L. Drew
Comptroller Otto Kelsey George Hall[13] Ira W. Littlefield James A. Trainor Louis Manz
Attorney General Julius M. Mayer John Cunneen 707,044 Leon A. Malkiel[14] George E. Hillman Frank E. Passanno John F. Gaffney
Treasurer John G. Wallenmeier, Jr. William Muench[15] C. A. Shipplebein Harvey A. Santee Frank S. Rose
State Engineer Henry A. Van Alstyne Thomas H. Stryker[16] Simon G. Levy
Chief Judge Edgar M. Cullen 1,540,471 Edgar M. Cullen Edward N. Heath
Judge of the Court of Appeals William E. Werner 1,541,986 William E. Werner Orcus A. Curtis Augustus Babcock


  • "Blank, defective and scattering" votes: 8,121 (Governor)
  • Numbers for Cullen and Werner are total votes on Republican and Democratic tickets.



  • The Democratic candidates: in NYT on September 22, 1904
  • The minor parties: in NYT Magazine on October 23, 1904
  • Result: in NYT on December 16, 1904

See also

New York gubernatorial elections

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