New York gubernatorial election, 1934

The 1934 New York state election was held on November 6, 1934, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, a U.S. Senator, two U.S. Representatives-at-large, the Chief Judge[1] and two associate judges[2] of the New York Court of Appeals, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.


The Communist State Committee met on August 28, and nominated Israel Amter for Governor.[3]

The Socialist state convention met on July 1 at New York City, and nominated Charles Solomon for Governor; and Norman Thomas for the U.S. Senate.[4]

The Democratic state convention met on September 27 at Buffalo, New York, and re-nominated the incumbents Lehman, Bray, Tremaine, Bennett, Loughran and Copeland; and completed the ticket endorsing two Republicans: Associate Judge Frederick E. Crane for Chief Judge and Supreme Court Justice Edward R. Finch for the Court of Appeals.[5]

The Republican state convention met on September 28 at Rochester, New York, and nominated New York City Park Commissioner Robert Moses for Governor on the third ballot after a struggle with the Macy faction. Also nominated were Fred J. Douglas for Lieutenant Governor; Wilson R. Campbell, of Steuben County, for Comptroller; William T. Powers, of Brooklyn, for Attorney General; E. Harold Cluett for the U.S. Senate; Frederick E. Crane for Chief Judge; the incumbent[6] Democrat John T. Loughran to succeed himself; and Charles B. Sears for the Court of Appeals, thus dropping fellow Republican Edward R. Finch who had been nominated by the Democrats in a common cross-endorsement deal for judicial officers.[7]

The "Recovery Party" filed a petition to nominate state officers on October 9, 1934. The ticket was headed by Ex-Mayor of New York John F. Hylan for Governor.[8] The ticket was not allowed on the ballot because of numerous forged signatures and thus not meeting the legal requirements.[9]

The "Constitutional Party" nominated Colonel Henry Breckinridge, a Democrat who opposed President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policy, for the U.S. Senate, and used the "Pine Tree of Liberty" as its emblem on the ballot.


The whole Democratic ticket was elected in the third landslide in a row.

The incumbents Lehman, Bray, Tremaine, Bennett, Loughran and Copeland were re-elected.

The Law Preservation Party lost its automatic ballot access and disappeared.

1934 state election results
Office Democratic ticket Republican ticket Socialist ticket Communist ticket Constitutional ticket Law Preservation ticket Socialist Labor ticket
Governor Herbert H. Lehman 2,201,729 Robert Moses 1,393,638 Charles Solomon 126,580 Israel Amter 45,878 (none) William F. Varney 20,449 Aaron M. Orange[10] 7,225
Lieutenant Governor M. William Bray Fred J. Douglas Herman Kobbe William J. Burroughs (none) James F. Luckey 17,393 Emil F. Teichert[11]
Comptroller Morris S. Tremaine Wilson R. Campbell Fred Sander Rose Wortis (none) Fred C. Foster 17,133 O. Martin Olson
Attorney General John J. Bennett, Jr. William T. Powers William Karlin Fred Briehl (none) Joseph S. Robinson 17,872 Simeon Bickwheat[12]
Chief Judge Frederick E. Crane Frederick E. Crane Jacob Hillquit Richard B. Moore (none) Frederick E. Crane
Judge of the Court of Appeals John T. Loughran John T. Loughran Darwin J. Meserole[13] Gertrude Welsh (none) John T. Loughran
Judge of the Court of Appeals Edward R. Finch Charles B. Sears Julian H. Weiss (none) David E. Hartshorn 19,922
U.S. Senator Royal S. Copeland 2,046,377 E. Harold Cluett 1,363,440 Norman Thomas 194,952 Max Bedacht 45,396 Henry Breckinridge 24,241 William Sheafe Chase 16,769 Olive M. Johnson 6,622
U.S. Representative-at-large Matthew J. Merritt William B. Groat, Jr.[14] Charles W. Noonan[15] Henry Shepard[16] (none) William E. Barron 16,770 Jeremiah D. Crowley[17]
U.S. Representative-at-large Caroline O'Day Natalie F. Couch[18] August Claessens Emanuel Levin (none) Dorothy Frooks 19,853 Jacob Berlin[19]



  • Result (Law Preservation only): Vote for Prohibition candidates at
  • Official Result: in NYT on December 11, 1934

See also

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