New York gubernatorial election, 1942

The 1942 New York state election was held on November 3, 1942, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General and two U.S. Representatives At-large, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

History

The Industrial Government state convention met on April 5, and nominated again Aaron M. Orange for Governor. They also nominated Bronko Papadopolis, of Buffalo, for Lieutenant Governor; O. Martin Olson for Comptroller; and Eric Hass for Attorney General.[1]

The Socialist state convention met on June 21 at 303 Fourth Avenue in New York City, and nominated Prof. Coleman B. Cheney for Governor; Samuel H. Friedman for Lieutenant Governor; Joseph G. Glass for Attorney General; the Rev. Herman J. Hahn for Comptroller; and Miss Layle Lane, an African-American teacher, writer and lecturer, and Amicus Most, an engineer of New Rochelle, for the at-large Congress seats.[2] The petition to nominate these candidates was filed on August 31 with the Secretary of State.[3]

The Democratic state convention met on August 20. Influenced by James A. Farley, the convention nominated State Attorney General John J. Bennett, Jr., for Governor on the first ballot with 623 votes against 393 for U.S. Senator James M. Mead, the candidate favored by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. They re-nominated three incumbents: Lieutenant Governor Charles Poletti, Comptroller Joseph V. O'Leary, and Representative at-large Matthew J. Merritt; and completed the ticket with State Solicitor General Henry Epstein for Attorney General; and Flora D. Johnson for the other at-large House seat.[4]

The American Labor state convention met on August 22, but instead of Bennett (or Mead), they nominated Tammany man Dean Alfange for Governor. They re-nominated Comptroller O'Leary, an American Laborite who had been appointed by Governor Herbert H. Lehman to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Morris S. Tremaine. They endorsed Democrats Poletti, Merritt, and Johnson; and completed the ticket with Alexander Kahn for Attorney General.[5]

The Republican state convention met on August 24 at Saratoga Springs, New York. They nominated 1938 candidate Thomas E. Dewey for Governor again, and adjourned.[6] On August 25 they nominated Thomas W. Wallace for Lieutenant Governor; Frank C. Moore for Comptroller; Nathaniel L. Goldstein for Attorney General; and Charles Muzzicato and Winifred C. Stanley for Representative at-large.[7]

The Communist Party filed a nominating petition for their candidates on August 28. They nominated Israel Amter for Governor; Frank Herron, of Buffalo, for Lieutenant Governor; Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., of New York City, for Attorney General; Fred Briehl, a dairy farmer of Wallkill, for Comptroller; and Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and Robert Minor for Representative at-large.[8] Herron, Briehl, Davis, and Minor withdrew from the ticket,[9] and Davis was then nominated for Representative at-large, leaving three gaps on the ticket.[10]

Result

Republicans won almost all statewide elective offices, only the incumbent Democratic Congressman Merritt was re-elected. The incumbents Poletti and O'Leary were defeated.

This was the last election of U.S. Representatives at-large from New York. In 1944 New York's Congressional district map was redrawn to add two more districts. All U.S. Representatives from New York have been elected in individual districts ever since.

1942 state election results
Office Republican ticket Democratic ticket American Labor ticket Communist ticket Socialist ticket Industrial Government ticket
Governor Thomas E. Dewey 2,148,546 John J. Bennett, Jr. 1,501,039 Dean Alfange 403,626 Israel Amter 45,220 Coleman B. Cheney[11] 21,911 Aaron M. Orange[12] 3,496
Lieutenant Governor Thomas W. Wallace 2,021,285 Charles Poletti 1,555,298 Charles Poletti 411,684 (none) Samuel H. Friedman[13] 25,192 Bronko Papadopolis 3,295
Comptroller Frank C. Moore [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Joseph V. O'Leary Joseph V. O'Leary (none) Herman J. Hahn[14] O. Martin Olson[15]
Attorney General Nathaniel L. Goldstein [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Henry Epstein[16] Alexander Kahn[17] (none) Joseph G. Glass Eric Hass
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (at-large) Charles Muzzicato[18] 1,887,688 Matthew J. Merritt 1,909,706 Matthew J. Merritt Benjamin J. Davis, Jr. 52,002 Amicus Most 19,294
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (at-large) Winifred C. Stanley 1,965,794 Flora D. Johnson[19] 1,872,321 Flora D. Johnson Elizabeth Gurley Flynn 50,305 Layle Lane 22,361

Obs.:

  • The vote for Governor is used to define ballot access, for automatic access are necessary 50,000 votes.
  • Number is total of votes on Democratic and American Labor tickets for Merritt and Johnson.

Notes

Sources

  • Official Result: in NYT on December 15, 1942 (subscription required)

See also

New York gubernatorial elections

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