New York gubernatorial election, 1954

The 1954 New York state election was held on November 2, 1954, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the Chief Judge and three associate judges of the New York Court of Appeals, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

Background

This was the first election in which the voters were required to cast a single joint vote for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, following the amendment to the State Constitution in 1953.

Chief Judge Edmund H. Lewis would reach the constitutional age limit of 70 years at the end of the year. He was elected in 1953, and John Van Voorhis was re-appointed on January 1, 1954, to the seat vacated by Lewis, to fill the vacancy temporarily.

Albert Conway and Charles S. Desmond had been elected to the Court of Appeals in 1940, thus their 14-year terms would expire at the end of the year.

Nominations

The Socialist Workers nominated David L. Weiss (b. ca. 1914), electronics worker, for Governor; Dorothy Haines, of Buffalo, for Lieutenant Governor; Harold Robins, of New York City, for Comptroller; and Catherine Gratta (b. ca. 1922), machine inspector, of Brooklyn, for Attorney General.[1]

The American Labor Party nominated John T. McManus for Governor; actress Karen Morley for Lieutenant Governor; Ralph Powe, lawyer, for Comptroller (the only Negro running for a statewide elective office this year); and George W. Fish, lawyer, of Brooklyn, for Attorney General.[2]

The Socialist Labor Party filed a petition to nominate candidates as the Industrial Government Party on September 30. The ticket had only three names: Nathan Karp for Governor; Stephen Emery for Lieutenant Governor; and John Emanuel for Comptroller.[3]

Result

Almost the whole Democratic/Liberal ticket was elected, only Republican Jacob K. Javits managed to be elected Attorney General.

The incumbents Van Voorhis and Desmond were re-elected.

The American Labor Party lost its automatic ballot access and disbanded shortly afterwards.

1954 state election results
Office Democratic ticket Republican ticket Liberal ticket American Labor ticket Socialist Workers ticket Industrial Government ticket
Governor W. Averell Harriman 2,560,738 Irving M. Ives 2,549,613 W. Averell Harriman John T. McManus 46,886 David L. Weiss 2,617 Nathan Karp[4] 1,720
Lieutenant Governor George B. DeLuca J. Raymond McGovern George B. DeLuca Karen Morley Dorothy Haines Stephen Emery[5]
Comptroller Arthur Levitt 2,260,193 Frank Del Vecchio[6] 2,490,184 Arthur Levitt 255,481 Ralph Powe Harold Robins John Emanuel
Attorney General Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. 2,430,959 Jacob K. Javits 2,603,858 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. George W. Fish Catherine Gratta
Chief Judge Albert Conway Albert Conway Albert Conway
Judge of the Court of Appeals Charles S. Desmond Charles S. Desmond Charles S. Desmond
Judge of the Court of Appeals John Van Voorhis John Van Voorhis George Rifkin[7]
Judge of the Court of Appeals Adrian P. Burke Sydney F. Foster Adrian P. Burke

Obs.:

  • The numbers are total votes on Democratic and Liberal tickets for Harriman/DeLuca and Roosevelt.
  • The vote for Governor is used to define ballot access, for automatic access are necessary 50,000 votes.

Notes

Sources

  • Official Result: John Jay, after the controversial exclusion of several hundred votes from three counties.]

See also

New York gubernatorial elections

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