World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nikolai Dobrolyubov

Article Id: WHEBN0003014050
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nikolai Dobrolyubov  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Oblomov, Ilya Ulyanov, Alexander Ostrovsky, Circle of Tchaikovsky, Aleksey Pleshcheyev, Apollon Grigoryev, Sovremennik
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nikolai Dobrolyubov

Nikolay Dobrolyubov
Born (1836-02-05)February 5, 1836
Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire
Died November 29, 1861(1861-11-29) (aged 25)
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Period 1850s–1860s
Genres Literary criticism, journalism, poetry

Nikolay Alexandrovich Dobrolyubov (Russian: Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Добролю́бов, IPA: [nʲɪkɐˈlaj ɐlʲɪˈksandrəvʲɪt͡ɕ dəbrɐˈlʲubəf]Template:IPA audio link; February 5, 1836 – November 29, 1861) was a Russian literary critic, journalist, poet and revolutionary democrat.


Dobrolyubov was born in Nizhny Novgorod, where his father was a priest. He attended school at a seminary from 1848 to 1853. He was considered a prodigy by his teachers in the seminary, and at home he spent most of his time in his father's library, reading books on science and art. By the age of thirteen he was writing poetry and translating verses from Roman poets such as Horace.[1] In 1853 he went to St. Petersburg and entered the University. Following the deaths of both of his parents, in 1854, he assumed responsibility for his brothers and sisters. He worked as a tutor and translator in order to support his family and continue his studies. His heavy workload and the stress of his position had a negative effect on his health.[2]

During his years at the University he organized an underground democratic circle, issued a manuscript newspaper, and led the student's struggle against the reactionary University administration. His poems On the 50th Birthday of N. I. Grech (1854), and Ode on the Death of Nicholas I (1855), copies of which were distributed outside the University, showed his hostile attitude toward the autocracy.[2][3]

In 1856 he met the influential critic Nikolay Chernyshevsky, and the publisher Nikolay Nekrasov. He soon began publishing his works in Nekrasov's popular journal The Contemporary. In 1857, after his graduation from the University, he joined the staff of The Contemporary as head of the critical department. Over the next four years he produced several volumes of important critical essays. One of his best known works was his essay What is Oblomovism?, based on his analysis of the novel Oblomov by Ivan Goncharov.[2][3][4]

In May 1860, at the insistence of friends, he went abroad in an effort to treat incipient tuberculosis, which had been exacerbated by overwork. He lived in Germany, Switzerland, France, and for more than six months in Italy, where the national liberation movement, led by Giuseppe Garibaldi, was taking place. The situation in Italy provided him with material for a series of articles.[2]

He returned to Russia in July 1861. He died in November 1861, at the age of twenty five, from acute tuberculosis. He was buried next to Vissarion Belinsky at Volkovo Cemetery in St. Petersburg.[3]

English translations

  • What is Oblomovism?, from Anthology of Russian Literature, Part 2, Page 272, Leo Weiner, G.P. Putnam's Sons, NY, 1903. from
  • Selected Philosophical Essays, Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow, 1956.
  • Belinsky, Chernyshevsky & Dobrolyubov: Selected Criticism, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1976.


External links

  • A poem by Dobrolyubov- Death's Jest
  • Dobrolyubov Memorial Museum
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.