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Oatlands Plantation

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Title: Oatlands Plantation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Oatlands (disambiguation), Bill Moravek, List of plantations in Virginia, Loudoun County in the American Civil War, Historic houses in Virginia
Collection: Carter Family Residences, Corcoran Family, Federal Architecture in Virginia, Historic American Buildings Survey in Virginia, Historic House Museums in Virginia, Houses in Loudoun County, Virginia, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia, Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area, Museums in Loudoun County, Virginia, National Historic Landmarks in Virginia, National Register of Historic Places in Loudoun County, Virginia, National Trust for Historic Preservation, Plantations in Virginia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Oatlands Plantation

Oatlands Historic District
1973 Photograph of Main House of Oatlands Historic District
Location Loudoun County, Virginia
Nearest city Leesburg, Virginia
Built ca. 1803
Architect George Carter (original)
Architectural style Federal
Governing body Private (NTHP)
NRHP Reference # 69000255 (original)
74002327 (expansion to district)[1]
VLR # 053-0093
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 12, 1969 (original)
May 3, 1974 (expansion to district)[1]
Designated NHL November 11, 1971[2]
Designated VLR September 9, 1969[3]

Oatlands Plantation is an estate located in Leesburg, Virginia. Oatlands is operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark. The Oatlands property is composed of the main mansion and 260 acres (101.2 ha) of farmland and gardens.

On the property, in addition to the Mansion, are a number of outbuildings, including the Carriage House, Bachelor's Quarters, several barns and farm buildings, and a greenhouse, built in 1810, said to be the oldest standing greenhouse in the South.[4]


  • History 1
  • Visiting 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Oatlands Plantation in 2007

Oatlands Plantation was established by wheat farm, but expanded to include other grains, sheep, a gristmill and a saw mill, and a vineyard. In 1803, Carter began construction of a Federal mansion, which he expanded in the 1820s and 1830s. He also built a terraced garden and numerous outbuildings.

The success of Carter's plantation and business ventures depended on slave labor. Seventeen enslaved people worked the property when Carter began farming. By purchase and natural increase, the number of slaves had risen to 133 at the time of the 1860 census. Their work included planting and harvesting the fields; caring for farm animals; domestic employment such as cooking, cleaning, caring for children, and sewing; and probably trades such as blacksmithing and milling.[5]

George Carter's widow, Elizabeth Grayson Lewis Carter, inherited the property after her husband's death in 1846. In 1861, fearing that a battle between Union and Confederate forces was imminent nearby, Elizabeth Carter fled to another of her properties, Bellefield. The Carters' eldest son, George Carter II, reopened the mansion with his wife, Katherine Powell Carter, in 1863 and inherited the property when his mother died in 1887.

In 1897 the Carter family sold the mansion with 60 acres (24.3 ha) to Stilson Hutchins, founder of the Washington Post newspaper, who never lived on the property.

Hutchins sold Oatlands in 1903 to Mr. and Mrs. William Corcoran Eustis. Mrs. Eustis restored the gardens from neglect, adding boxwood-lined parterres to the terraces, statuary, a rose garden, a bowling green, and a reflecting pool. Today her plantings include mature specimens of Buxus sempervirens `Arborescens’ and `Suffruticosa’, Larix decidua, and Quercus robur.

After Mrs. Eustis' death in 1964, her daughters donated the mansion, furnishings, and estate grounds to the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1971.[2][6] In 1974 a series of scenic easements around the National Historic Landmark area were designated the Oatlands Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places.[1] The district includes Oatland Mills, the Mountain Gap School, and the Church of Our Savior.[7]


Oatlands is opened for visitation March 30 through December 30 of each year. An admission fee is charged.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ a b "Oatlands". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  3. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Washington Post, August 7, 1997.
  5. ^ Oatlands Historic House and Gardens (2015). Slavery. Retrieved from
  6. ^ Staff, Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission, James W. Moody, Jr., Director (August 21, 1969). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Oatlands" (pdf). National Park Service. 
  7. ^ Wilkens, Woodrow; Slade, Thomas M. (November 6, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Oatlands Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Oatlands at National Trust for Historic Preservation
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. VA-949, "Oatlands Historic District, U.S. Route 15, Leesburg, Loudoun County, VA", 1 photo, 2 measured drawings, supplemental material
  • HABS No. VA-949-A, "Oatlands Historic District, Main House", 9 photos, 13 measured drawings, 6 data pages
  • HABS No. VA-949-B, "Oatlands Historic District, Bachelor Cottage", 1 measured drawing, 5 data pages
  • HABS No. VA-949-C, "Oatlands Historic District, Greenhouse", 1 measured drawing, 4 data pages
  • HABS No. VA-949-D, "Oatlands Historic District, Studio", 1 photo, 1 measured drawing, 4 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HABS No. VA-949-E, "Oatlands Historic District, Servants' Quarters", 5 data pages
  • HABS No. VA-949-F, "Oatlands Historic District, Carter Barn", 1 photo, 2 measured drawings, 5 data pages
  • HABS No. VA-949-G, "Oatlands Historic District, Little Oatlands", 2 measured drawings, 5 data pages
  • HABS No. VA-949-H, "Oatlands Historic District, Carter's Mills", 2 photos, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HABS No. VA-949-K, "Oatlands Historic District, Mountain Gap School", 1 photo, 1 measured drawing, 2 data pages
  • HABS No. VA-949-L, "Oatlands Historic District, Church of Our Savior", 2 photos, 5 data pages, 1 photo caption page
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