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Title: Oedipodea  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Theban Cycle, Oedipus, 7th century BC in poetry, Jocasta complex, Hamlet and Oedipus
Collection: Lost Poems, Theban Cycle
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Oedipodea (Ancient Greek: Οἰδιπόδεια) is a lost poem of the Theban cycle, a part of the Epic Cycle (Επικὸς Κύκλος). The poem was about 6,600 verses long and the authorship was credited by ancient authorities to Cinaethon (Κιναίθων), a barely known poet who lived probably in Sparta.[1] Only three short fragments and one testimonium survived.

It told the story of the Sphinx and Oedipus and presented an alternative view of the Oedipus myth. According to Pausanias,[2] Cinaethon states that the marriage between Oedipus and his own mother, Jocasta (= Epicasta) was childless; his children had been born from another engagement with Euryganeia (Εὐρυγανεία), daughter of Hyperphas (Ὑπέρφας). That is all we know about these two characters.

A small glimpse of Cinaethon's style survives in Plutarch's On the Pythia's Oracles 407b: "he added unnecessary pomp and drama to the oracles".


  • References 1
  • Select editions and translations 2
    • Critical editions 2.1
    • Translations 2.2
  • Bibliography 3


  1. ^ IG 14.1292 2.11; Euseb. Chron. Ol. 4.1.
  2. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece, 9.5.10-1; West, Fr. 1.

Select editions and translations

Critical editions

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  • . (The link is to the 1st edition of 1914.) English translation with facing Greek text; now obsolete except for its translations of the ancient quotations.
  • . Greek text with facing English translation


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