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Title: Orochs  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Demographics of Russia, Primorsky Krai, Russian Far East, Shamanism in Siberia, Ethnic groups in Russia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Not to be confused with the Oroqen people of China or the Orok people of Sakhalin Island.
Alternative names:
Total population
1,000 (est.)
Regions with significant populations
 Russia 596[1]
 Ukraine 288 (2001)
Oroch language, Russian
Shamanism, Russian Orthodoxy, Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Ainu, Nivkh, Itelmen, Evens , Koryaks, Evenks, Ulchs, Nanai, Orok, Udege
History of the Priamurye region
(also including Heilongjiang,
Amur Oblast and southern part of Khabarovsk Krai)
Mohe • Shiwei
Liao Dynasty • Daurs
Jin Dynasty (1115–1234) • Nivkh
Eastern Jin (1215–1234)
Yuan Dynasty • Evenks
Yeren Jurchens • Solon Khanate
Qing Dynasty • Nanais • Ulchs
Russian Exploration • Negidals
Manchus-Cossacks wars (1652–1689)
Government-General of Eastern Siberia
Li-Lobanov Treaty
Siberian Regional Government
Far-Eastern Republic
Far-Eastern Oblast
Soviet invasion of Manchuria (1945)
Sino-Soviet border conflict
Far Eastern Federal District

Orochs (Russian О́рочи), Orochons, or Orochis (self-designation: Nani) are a small people of Russia that speak the Oroch (Orochon) language of the Southern group of Tungusic languages. According to the 2002 census there were 686 Orochs in Russia.

Orochs traditionally settled in the southern part of the Khabarovsk Krai, Russia and on the Amur and Kopp rivers. In the 19th century, some of them migrated to Sakhalin. In the early 1930s, the Orochi National District was created, but was cancelled shortly thereafter "due to lack of native population".

Because the people never had a written language, they were educated in the Russian language. Their language, Oroch, is on the verge of extinction. They follow Shamanism, the Russian Orthodox Church, and Buddhism.


External links

  • The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire
  • Ethnologue link
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