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Title: Pan-Americanism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pan-nationalism, Pan-Americanism, Muna Lee (writer), Latin American integration, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
Collection: Pan-Americanism, Pan-Nationalism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Pan-Americanism is a movement that seeks to create, encourage and organize relationships, associations and cooperation among the states of the Americas, through diplomatic, political, economic, and social means.


  • History 1
  • Evolution of Pan-Americanism 2
  • Congresses and conferences 3
  • See also 4
  • Footnotes 5
  • References 6


Following the independence of the United States of America in the 18th century, the struggle for independence after 1810 by the Latin American nations evoked a sense of unity, especially in South America where, under Simón Bolívar in the north and José de San Martín in the south, there were cooperative efforts. Francisco Morazán briefly headed a Federal Republic of Central America. Early South American Pan-Americanists were also inspired by the American Revolutionary War, where a suppressed and colonized society struggled united and gained its independence. In the United States, Henry Clay and Thomas Jefferson set forth the principles of Pan-Americanism in the early 19th century, and soon afterward the United States declared through the Monroe Doctrine a new policy with regard to interference by European nations in the affairs of the Americas.

In the 19th century, Latin American military Pan-American Union, was established. Subsequent meetings were held in various Latin American cities.[1]

Evolution of Pan-Americanism

The intended liberalization of commercial intercourse did not occur, but collaboration was extended to a series of areas, such as health (Pan-American Institute of Geography and History), child protection and children's rights (International American Institute for the Protection of Children), rights of the woman (Inter-American Commission of Women), indigenous policies (Inter-American Indigenist Institute), agriculture (Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences) collective continental defense (Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Attendance), economic aid (Inter-American Development Bank), human rights (Inter-American Court of Human Rights), infrastructure works (Pan-American Highway) and peacekeeping (Inter-American Peace Force).

The American states also adopted a series of diplomatic and political rules, which were not always respected or fulfilled, governing relations between the countries, like the following ones: arbitration of disputes, peaceful resolution of conflicts, military non-intervention, equality among the member states of each organism and in their mutual relations, decisions by means of resolutions approved by the majority, the recognition of diplomatic asylum, the Organization of American States).

Congresses and conferences

See also


  1. ^ Gilderhus, Mark T. (1986). Pan-American Visions: Woodrow Wilson in the Western Hemisphere, 1913–1921. Tucson, Ariz.  


  • Harrison, Lawrence E. (1998). The Pan-American Dream. Westview P.  
  • Whitaker, Arthur P. (1954). The Western Hemisphere Idea: Its Rise and Decline. Ithaca.  A study of Pan-Americanism as an idea and of how time has destroyed much of the buttressing hemispheric relations.
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