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Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County

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Title: Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County  
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Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County

Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1946

Coat of arms of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun

Coat of arms

Location of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun
Capital Budapest
History
 •  Established 1876
 •  Disestablished 1946
Area
 •  1910 12,228 km2 (4,721 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 1,978,041 
Density 161.8 /km2  (419 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary

Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun is the name of an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Hungary, comprising the territory of the present Hungarian county Pest and the northern part of present Bács-Kiskun county. The capital of the county was Budapest.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
    • 1900 3.1
    • 1910 3.2
  • Subdivisions 4
  • References 5

Geography

Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun county shared borders with the counties Komárom, Esztergom, Hont, Nógrád, Heves, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Csongrád, Bács-Bodrog, Tolna and Fejér. Its territory covered the eastern bank of the river Danube from Visegrád in the north to (excluding) Baja in the south, stretching to the river Tisza in the east. A part of the county (Pilis) was on the west bank of the Danube, near Budapest. Its area was 12,228 km² around 1910.

History

The counties Pest and Pilis were formed in the 11th century. Pest was the area on the left (east) bank of the Danube around present-day Budapest, Pilis was on the opposite bank. They were united and became the political, cultural and economical centre of Hungary. The Solt region (the left bank of the Danube south of Ráckeve), which previously belonged to Fejér county, was incorporated in Pest-Pilis-Solt county in the 17th century. Kiskunság (Little Cumania) was added in 1876, creating Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun county.

After World War II the county was split in two roughly equal parts. The northern part became Pest county, the southern part merged with Bács-Bodrog county to form Bács-Kiskun county.

Demographics

Ethnographic map of the county (with data of the 1910 census). Key: red - Hungarians; pink - Germans; light green - Slovaks; light blue - Croatians; dark blue - Serbs; black - Roma. Coloured dots in plain rectangles imply the presence of smaller minority populations (generally more than 100 people or 10%). Multicoloured rectangles imply cities and villages with multi-ethnic populations with the order of the stripes following the ethnic composition of the settlement.

1900

In 1900, the county had a population of 1,615,729 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910

In 1910, the county had a population of 1,978,041 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions

Before approx. 1897, the subdivisions of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun were (felső is upper, közép is middle, alsó is lower):

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Kecskemét alsó Tápiószele
Kecskemét felső Nagykáta
Kiskun alsó Kiskunfélegyháza
Kiskun felső Kunszentmiklós
Pest alsó Ráckeve
Pest felső Irsa
Pest közép Alsódabas
Pilis alsó Tinnye
Pilis felső Pomáz
Solt alsó Kiskőrös
Solt felső Dömsöd
Solt közép Kalocsa
Vác alsó Pécel
Vác felső Vác
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Budapest (főváros)
Kecskemét
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Cegléd
Kiskunfélegyháza
Kiskunhalas
Nagykőrös
Szentendre
Vác

After approx. 1897, the subdivisions of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Abony Abony
Alsódabas Alsódabas
Aszód Aszód
Bia Bia
Dunavecse Dunavecse
Gödöllő Gödöllő
Kalocsa Kalocsa
Kiskőrös Kiskőrös
Kiskunfélegyháza Kiskunfélegyháza
Kispest Kispest
Kunszentmiklós Kunszentmiklós
Monor Monor
Nagykáta Nagykáta
Ráckeve Ráckeve
Pomáz Pomáz
Vác Vác
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Budapest (főváros)
Kecskemét
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Cegléd
Kiskunfélegyháza
Kiskunhalas
Nagykőrös
Szentendre
Vác
Aerial photography: Abony
Aerial photography: Aszód- palace
Pomáz - Palace from above

References

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
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