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PetroChina

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Title: PetroChina  
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Subject: List of public corporations by market capitalization, China National Petroleum Corporation, China National Offshore Oil Corporation, China Life Insurance Company, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
Collection: 1999 Establishments in China, Berkshire Hathaway, Chinese Brands, Companies Established in 1999, Companies Listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, Companies Listed on the New York Stock Exchange, Companies Listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, Companies of China, Government-Owned Companies of China, Hang Seng Index Constituent Stocks, National Oil and Gas Companies, Natural Gas Companies of China, Non-Renewable Resource Companies Established in 1999, Oil Companies of China, Warrants Issued in Hong Kong Stock Exchange
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PetroChina

PetroChina Company Limited
Public
SEHK: 0857
SSE: 601857
NYSE: PTR
Industry Oil and gas
Founded 1999 (1999)
Headquarters Dongcheng District, Beijing, China
Area served
China
Key people
Zhou Jiping
(Chairman); Wang Dongjin (CEO)[1]
Products Fuels, lubricants, natural gas and other petrochemicals
Revenue Increase CN¥2.258 trillion (2013)[2]
Increase CN¥188.6 billion (2013)[2]
Increase CN¥129.6 billion (2013)[2]
Total assets Increase CN¥2.342 trillion (2013)[2]
Total equity Increase CN¥1.133 trillion (2013)[2]
Number of employees
544,083 (2014)[2]
Parent China National Petroleum Corporation
Website petrochina.com.cn/ptr/

PetroChina Company Limited (Simplified Chinese: 中国石油天然气股份有限公司), (TraditionalChinese: 中國石油天然氣股份有限公司)(Uyghur: چوڭگو نېفتى‎) (SEHK: 0857, SSE: 601857, NYSE: PTR) is a Chinese oil and gas company and is the listed arm of state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), headquartered in Dongcheng District, Beijing.[3] It is China's biggest oil producer.[4] Traded in Hong Kong and New York, the mainland enterprise announced its plans to issue stock in Shanghai in November 2007,[4] and subsequently entered trading on the Shanghai index.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Environmental record 2
    • Chemical spills 2.1
    • The "Western Gas to the East" Pipeline Project 2.2
    • Demonstration at new plant 2.3
  • Recognition 3
  • Corporate bonds 4
  • Logo 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

The landmark of Dongzhimen -- the headquarters of PetroChina in Beijing.

PetroChina was established as a joint stock company with limited liabilities under the Company Law of the People's Republic of China (the PRC) on November 5, 1999, as part of the restructuring of CNPC. In the restructuring, CNPC injected into PetroChina most of the assets and liabilities of CNPC relating to its exploration and production, refining and marketing, chemicals and natural gas businesses.

Although PetroChina is the most profitable company in Asia, this success may be the result of corporate management, but can also be attributed to the near duopoly on the wholesale and retail business of oil products it shares with Sinopec in China.

Because of Sinopec's link to Sudan through parent company China Petrochemical Corporation, several institutional investors such as Harvard and Yale decided, in 2005, to divest from Sinopec. Sudan divestment efforts have continued to be concentrated on PetroChina since then.[5] Fidelity Investments, after pressure from activist groups, also announced in a filing in the US that it had sold 91 per cent of its American Depositary Receipts in PetroChina in the first quarter of 2007.[6]

At the beginning of May 2007, the company announced it had made China's largest oil find in a decade off the country's northeast coast, in an oilfield named Jidong Nanpu in Bohai Bay.[7] In May 2008 these expectations were lowered.[8]

On November 7, 2007, war in Darfur.

On August 19, 2009, PetroChina signed an A$50 billion deal with

  • Official website (English)
  • Official website (Chinese)
  • PetroChina stock quote Google Finance

External links

  • 2004 Annual Report, pp. 135, 137 [1]
  • McGregor, Richard. The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers. Harper Perennial: New York, 2012. ISBN 978-0-06-170876-3. Originally published in 2010 by Allen Lane, a Penguin Books imprint.

References

  1. ^ {http://www.petrochina.com.cn/ptr/ldjs/ldjs.shtml}
  2. ^ a b c d e f
  3. ^ "Contact Us." PetroChina. Retrieved on July 8, 2010. "Address: 9 Dongzhimen North Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R.China."
  4. ^ a b Analysts express optimism about Chinese shares (Xinhuanet.com, with source from Shanghai Daily)
  5. ^ Response to Berkshire Hathaway's statement on its holdings in PetroChina Company Limited, Sudan Divestment Task Force, 2007-02-23. Retrieved on 2007-03-28.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ China: PetroChina's Jidong Nanpu oil field smaller than originally thought" 28 May 2010
  9. ^ HSI SERVICES ANNOUNCES INDEX REVIEW RESULTS
  10. ^ Stephen McDonell, August 19, 2009, Record gas deal between China and Australia - AM - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  11. ^ Babs McHugh, August 19, 2009, Massive sale from Gorgon Gas Project - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  12. ^ David McLennan, August 20, 2009, Australia to be 'global supplier of clean energy' - The Canberra Times
  13. ^ August 20, 2009, CNPC to import 2.25m tons of LNG annually from Australia - ChinaDaily (Source: Xinhua)
  14. ^ Peter Ryan, August 19, 2009, Deal means 2.2 million tonnes exported per year - AM - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  15. ^ PetroChina Activates China's Biggest Refinery - The China Perspective
  16. ^ PetroChina in $5.4bn Canada gas buy http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/94826968-34ab-11e0-9ebc-00144feabdc0.html?ftcamp=rss#axzz1DYRcqdDL
  17. ^ "Brion Energy" about us page.
  18. ^ http://www.petrochina.com.cn/resource/EngPdf/LTN20080319139.pdf "Summary of the 2007 Annual Report". PetroChina.com.cn, May 5, 2008
  19. ^ a b
  20. ^ The Epoch Times | Jilin PetroChina Explosion Under Investigation, Vice-Mayor of Jilin City Reported Dead
  21. ^
  22. ^ PetroChina branch fined for pollution
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ http://trilliuminvest.com/resolutions/human-rights-1/ "Divest From PetroChina - BP Amoco". Trilliuminvest.com. May 4, 2008
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-10/21/content_10230506.htm
  30. ^

Notes

See also

PetroChina's current logo was adopted 26 December 2004. The contour of the logo is defined as a "petal graphic equally divided by ten in red and yellow colors", which, according to description, "are the basic colors of the national flag of the People's Republic of China, and which embody the characteristics of the oil and gas industry." The essentially spherical design of the logo, meant to exemplify PetroChina's global development stratagem. The ten equanimous petals are indicative of PetroChina's ten consolidated core businesses. The red substratum is intended to highlight "an angle of a square shape, not only demonstrating PetroChina's strong fundamentals, but also implicating the company's huge power of cohesion and creativity." The general floral connotations of the logo are designed to capture PetroChina's "social responsibility of creating harmony between energy and environment." Finally, the sun ascending over the horizon in the center of the logo epitomizes the prosperous future hoped to lie within the future of PetroChina.[30]

The logo of PetroChina has represented the company in plenary capacity since 2004. The logo's basic, abecedarian design consists of a rising sun, projected onto a petal-based graphic. The colors utilized in the graphic are red and yellow, auspicious in Chinese culture. Beneath the English-language version of the design is positioned the company's name in an emboldened, black typeset, "PetroChina" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōngguó shíyóu).

PetroChina, on 2008-10-24 issued an 80 billion yuan ($11.7 billion) of medium-term corporate bonds, which was the biggest ever domestic issue by a listed company.[29]

Corporate bonds

  • Forbes published its latest ranking of the “Forbes 2000 The World’s Leading Companies”. The company ranked 6th in the world for public companies.[28]

Recognition

Approved in 2007, a $5.5 billion petrochemical plant, expected to produce 800,000 tons of ethylene and refine 10 million tons of crude oil a year, is now under construction by PetroChina in Chengdu, provincial capital of Sichuan in Southwestern China. Ethylene is widely used in the production of goods such as packaging and trash liners. Although the project claimed that $565 million of the total investment would be dedicated to environmental protection, residents of Chengdu who believe it might bring pollution to the local area took to the streets on May 3 and 4, 2008, to protest against the project. The whole demonstration was peaceful, and presence of Chinese government intervention was scarce.[27]

Demonstration at new plant

Another major controversial issue is PetroChina’s development in gas reserves in Tarim Basins, Xinjiang. It is now constructing a pipeline across Tibet to Gansu province in China, eventually lead to Shanghai. It is argued that such a project might pose a threat to the environment, as the construction of the pipeline might affect the wildlife in the regions where it runs through. Also, the exiled Tibetan government argued that such project is part of China’s strategy to consolidate political control of the Western Regions in China, including Tibet. However, no known environmental or social impact assessments have been conducted, as the environmental record of Tarim Basins is very poor.[26]

A PetroChina gas station in Xinjiang

The "Western Gas to the East" Pipeline Project

In 2014, Petrochina's subsidiary Lanzhou Petrochemical was responsible for ethylene and ammonia leaks, benzene contamination of water supplies, and air pollution in Lanzhou. The city government criticized the company and demanded an apology. [25]

Petrochina had a chemical spill in November, 2005. One of its chemical plants exploded in Jilin, China, resulting in 100 tons of benzene, which is a carcinogen and toxic, pouring into the Songhua River. There was a slick of chemicals that spanned 80 kilometres.[19] Harbin, which is another city along the Songhua River, had to cut the water supply from almost 4 million people, for 5 days. More than 60 people were injured, five died, and one person was missing due to the incident.[20] The spill prompted China’s environmental agency to fine the company one million yuan (approximately $125,000, £64,000) for its pollution, which was the maximum fine that can be handed out in China for breaking an environmental law.[21] However, this disaster sparked controversy about this law. People claimed the law was too soft.[22] The spill even crept into Khabarovsk, Russia, where residents stocked up on bottled water. The city tried filtering its water of toxic substances, but officials were still unsure if the water was 100% safe for drinking.[23] The Chinese government said it will take more than one billion dollars to clean up the aftermath.[19] Li Zhaoxing, Chinese Foreign Minister at the time, issued a public apology to Russia due to the incident.[24]

Chemical spills

PetroChina is promoting safety, environmental protection and people-orientation as its slogan and is determined to encourage efficiency in utilization of resource as well as effective operation of the Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) management system as a method to reduce emission of pollutants.[18]

Environmental record

February 2011: PetroChina agreed to pay $5.4 billion for a 49% stake in Canada's Duvernay shale assets owned by Encana. It is the China's biggest investment in shale gas to date.[16] PetroChina's subsidiary in Canada is named Phoenix Energy Holdings and has an office in the Sun Life Tower at 140-4th Ave SW in Calgary. It operates under the direction of Li Zhiming as Brion Energy.[17]

PetroChina's Dushanzi District refinery became fully operational on September 24, 2009. The refinery is China's largest refinery with annual capacity of 10 million tons of oil and 1 million tons of ethylene. The refinery is an integral part of China's ambitions to import oil from Kazakhstan.[15]

[14] to visit Australia.Rebiya Kadeer to granting of visas and the Rio Tinto espionage case being at their lowest point in years, following the relations between Australia and China This deal has been formally secured, despite [13][12] for 20 years, and also forms as China's largest supply of relatively "clean energy".LNG fuel considered the largest contract ever signed between China and Australia, which ensures China a steady supply of [11][10]

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