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Piper PA-44 Seminole


Piper PA-44 Seminole

Piper PA-44 Seminole
Role Training and personal aircraft
Manufacturer Piper Aircraft
First flight 1978
Produced 1979-present
Unit cost
US$663,500 (2013 base price)[1]
Developed from Piper Cherokee
Piper PA-44-180 Seminole
PA-44 landing
Piper PA-44-180 Seminole

The Piper PA-44 Seminole is an American twin-engined light aircraft manufactured by Piper Aircraft.[2]

The PA-44 is a development of the Piper Cherokee single-engined aircraft and is primarily used for multi-engined flight training.[2][3]

The Seminole was built in 1979-82, in 1989-90, and again since 1995.


  • Design and development 1
  • Variants 2
  • Operators 3
    • Civil 3.1
    • Military 3.2
  • Specifications (PA-44-180 Seminole) 4
  • Related content 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Design and development

The first production Seminoles are equipped with two 180 hp (135 kW) Lycoming O-360-E1A6D engines. The right-hand engine is a Lycoming LO-360-E1A6D variant, which turns in the opposite direction to the left-hand engine. This feature eliminates the critical engine and makes the aircraft more controllable in the event that an engine needs to be shut down or fails.[4][5]

The Seminole was first certified on March 10, 1978 and introduced as a 1979 model year in late 1978. Gross weight is 3800 lbs (1723 kg).[5]

Later production Seminoles were built with Lycoming O-360-A1H6 engines.[5]

The PA-44-180T Turbo Seminole version was certified on November 29, 1979 and built between 1981 and 1982. It features two turbocharged 180 hp (135 kW) Lycoming TO-360-E1A6D engines, which offer a significant improvement in performance at high density altitude. The Turbo Seminole had its takeoff gross weight raised to 3925 lb (1780 kg), while the landing weight remained at 3800 lbs (1723 kg).[5]

The PA-44 features a high T-tail similar to the T-tailed Arrow IV. The Seminole resembles the competitive Beechcraft Duchess.[3]


PA-44-180 Seminole
Normally aspirated version powered by two Lycoming O-360-E1A6D or two O-360-A1H6 engines.[5]
PA-44-180T Turbo Seminole
Turbocharged version powered by two Lycoming TO-360-E1A6D engines.[5]



The PA-44 is popular with air charter companies and flight schools, and is operated by private individuals and companies.



Specifications (PA-44-180 Seminole)

Data from[6]

General characteristics
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Capacity: three passengers
  • Length: 27 ft 7.2 in (8.41 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 8 in (11.77 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
  • Wing area: 184 ft2 (17.1 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,360 lb (1,070 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,800 lb (1,723 kg)
  • Powerplant: × 1 Lycoming O-360-A1H6, 1 Lycoming LO-360-A1H6 air-cooled, direct-drive, horizontally opposed four-cylinder engine, 180 hp (135 kW) at Sea Level each
  • Propellers: Hartzell HC-C2Y(K,R)-2 two-bladed, constant speed, fully feathering, with pitch controlled by oil/nitrogen pressure propeller, one per engine
  • Maximum Ramp Weight: 3 816 lb (1,731 kg)
    Fuel: two main nacelle tanks, each of 55 U.S. gallon capacity (110 U.S. Gal. total), two U.S. gallons unusable.


Related content

Related development
Comparable aircraft


  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b New Piper Aircraft (n.d.). "Welcome to the Seminole". Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  3. ^ a b Montgomery, MR & Gerald Foster: A Field Guide to Airplanes, Second Edition, page 92. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992. ISBN 0-395-62888-1
  4. ^ New Piper Aircraft (n.d.). "Seminole Price and Standard Equipment". Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f  
  6. ^ (2009). "The Piper PA-44 Seminole". Retrieved 2009-08-26. 

External links

  • Piper Aircraft PA-44 Home page
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