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Pratt, Kansas

Pratt, Kansas
City
U.S. Post Office (2009)
U.S. Post Office (2009)
Nickname(s): Gateway to the High Plains
Location within Pratt County and Kansas
Location within Pratt County and Kansas
KDOT map of Pratt County (legend)
KDOT map of Pratt County (legend)
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Kansas
County Pratt
Government
 • Type Mayor/manager
 • Mayor Jeff Taylor
 • City manager E. David Howard
Area[1]
 • Total 7.49 sq mi (19.40 km2)
 • Land 7.37 sq mi (19.09 km2)
 • Water 0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation 1,886 ft (575 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 6,835
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 6,880
 • Density 910/sq mi (350/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67124
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-57625 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0473937 [5]
Website CityOfPrattKS.com

Pratt is a city in and the county seat of Pratt County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,835.[7] Pratt is home to Pratt Community College.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 19th century 1.1
    • 20th century 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Media 4
    • Radio stations 4.1
    • Newspaper 4.2
  • Education 5
    • Public schools 5.1
    • Private schools 5.2
    • Higher education 5.3
  • In popular media 6
  • Notable people 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

History

Caleb S Pratt, 1854

19th century

Pratt was founded in 1884[8] and named after Caleb S. Pratt, a young Civil War officer from the Kansas Infantry, who was killed in the Battle of Wilson's Creek near Springfield, Missouri[9] The first post office in Pratt was established in June 1884.[10]

In 1887, the Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, which merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad. In 1997, Missouri Pacific merged with Union Pacific. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

When the Parrish Hotel was built it was the tallest building in Kansas for a number of years.

20th century

The nearby Pratt Army Airfield Base served as the final staging area for B-29 outfitting in 1943-1945[9]

The Miss Kansas Parade and Pageant are held here.[12]

The state headquarters of Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks was constructed southeast of the town.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.49 square miles (19.40 km2), of which 7.37 square miles (19.09 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2) is water.[1] Pratt is located approximately eighty miles west of Wichita.

Climate

Climate data for Pratt, Kansas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 44.4
(6.9)
49.8
(9.9)
59.3
(15.2)
69.5
(20.8)
77.6
(25.3)
87.1
(30.6)
92.7
(33.7)
91.6
(33.1)
83.1
(28.4)
70.8
(21.6)
57.0
(13.9)
45.3
(7.4)
69.0
(20.6)
Average low °F (°C) 20.3
(−6.5)
24.2
(−4.3)
32.3
(0.2)
41.8
(5.4)
52.1
(11.2)
61.8
(16.6)
66.3
(19.1)
65.3
(18.5)
56.1
(13.4)
44.2
(6.8)
31.6
(−0.2)
22.2
(−5.4)
43.2
(6.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.64
(16.3)
0.90
(22.9)
2.30
(58.4)
2.47
(62.7)
3.69
(93.7)
4.23
(107.4)
3.14
(79.8)
3.33
(84.6)
2.39
(60.7)
2.26
(57.4)
1.15
(29.2)
0.93
(23.6)
27.43
(696.7)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.0
(10.2)
2.6
(6.6)
4.7
(11.9)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(2)
3.2
(8.1)
15.8
(40.1)
Source: NOAA[13]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,835 people, 2,837 households, and 1,713 families residing in the city. The population density was 927.4 inhabitants per square mile (358.1/km2). There were 3,201 housing units at an average density of 434.3 per square mile (167.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 1.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population.

There were 2,837 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 12% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 6,570 people, 2,839 households, and 1,780 families residing in the city. The population density was 886.0 people per square mile (341.9/km²). There were 3,312 housing units at an average density of 446.6 per square mile (172.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.87% White, 1.00% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.46% of the population.

There were 2,839 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,646, and the median income for a family was $42,412. Males had a median income of $31,186 versus $20,640 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,486. About 7.1% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Media

Pratt County Courthouse, 2009
Pratt Presbyterian Church, 2009

Radio stations

  • KHMY 93.1FM—Hot Adult Contemporary
  • KMMM 1290AM—News, Sports, Information, and Music
  • KQZQ 98.3FM-Country, Red Dirt Country

Newspaper

  • The Pratt Tribune

Education

Public schools

Pratt is served by Unified School District 382[15] and Unified School District 438[16]

  • Pratt High School (grades 9-12)[17]
  • Skyline High School (grades 9-12)
  • Liberty Middle School (grades 5-8)[18]
  • Southwest Elementary School (grades PreK-4)[19]
  • Haskins Elementary School & Bridges to Learning (grades K-4)[20]

Private schools

  • Sacred Heart/Holy Child (PreK-5)
  • Our Savior Lutheran Preschool

Higher education

In popular media

  • Theodore Bagwell lies low in a Pratt bar in "The Killing Box", an episode of the television series Prison Break.
  • In Stephen King's "The Stand", Nick Andros and Tom Cullen encounter the cruel, vicious and promiscuous Julie Lawry at Pratt. She ends up firing a gun at them (fortunately, she doesn't hit either one) forcing them to flee the town with just the clothes on their backs, though she will turn up later in the novel (but not in Pratt).

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2011. 
  8. ^ City of Pratt, Kansas Web Site, 2008, retrieved September 11, 2009 
  9. ^ a b Pratt Chamber of Congress, retrieved August 24, 2009
  10. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  12. ^ Miss Kansas Pageant
  13. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ Unified School District 382
  16. ^ Unified School District 438
  17. ^ Pratt High School
  18. ^ Liberty Middle School
  19. ^ Elementary School
  20. ^ Haskins Elementary School

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

City
  • City of Pratt
  • Pratt - Directory of Public Officials
  • Pratt Chamber of Commerce
Schools
  • USD 382, local school district
  • Pratt Community College Website
Historical
  • Pratt history
Maps
  • Pratt City Map, KDOT
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