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Racism in Sweden

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Racism in Sweden

Racism and xenophobia have been reported and investigated in Sweden.[1] According to the European Network Against Racism, skin color, ethnic/religious background have significant impact on an individual's opportunities in the labor market, affecting mainly Roma, Blacks, Muslims and Jews.[2] Some ethnic minorities, for example Jews in the city of Malmö, are also at larger risk to face threats and violence.[3]

Islamophobia

The report Racism and Xenophobia in Sweden by the Board of Integration state that Muslims are exposed to the most religious harassment in Sweden. Almost 40% of the interviewed said they had witnessed verbal abuse directed at Muslims.[4]

Neo-Nazism

Sweden is home to several white supremacist and neo-Nazi organizations, including:

Former organizations include:

Antisemitism

Following Germany and Austria, Sweden has the highest rate of antisemitic incidents in Europe, although the Netherlands has reported a higher rate of antisemitism for some years.[5] A government commissioned study from 2006 estimated that 15% of Swedes agree with the statement: "The Jews have too much influence in the world today".[6] 5% of the total adult population and 39% of adult Muslims "harbour systematic antisemitic views".[6] The former prime minister Göran Persson described these results as "surprising and terrifying". However, the rabbi of Stockholm's Orthodox Jewish community, Meir Horden, said that "It's not true to say that the Swedes are anti-Semitic. Some of them are hostile to Israel because they support the weak side, which they perceive the Palestinians to be."[7] Further, a new study conducted by the ADL showed greatly contrasting results with Swedish respondents indicating antisemitic tendencies among a mere 4% of the population [8]

A record of 60 antisemitic attacks were reported in 2012 in the city of Malmö, up from an average 22 in the two years before that. 35 cases were reported in the first half of 2013, making it on pace to break the record. The Jewish community say that that radical members of the Muslim population in the city are responsible for most of the attacks.[9]

References

  1. ^ Lappalainen, Paul (2007-05-08). "Institutional racism in Sweden and Europe". Rijo research. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ "… skin colour plays a decisive role in an individual’s opportunities in the labour market.""Responding to racism in Sweden". European Network against Racism. p. 4. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  3. ^ For Jews, Swedish City Is a ‘Place To Move Away From’ by Donald Snyder, The Forward, Published July 07, 2010, issue of July 16, 2010.).
  4. ^ "Muslims are exposed to the most racial harassment in Sweden, according to a new report from the Board of Integration" "Muslims face most racism in Sweden". The Local:Sweden's news in English. 2005-10-25. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  5. ^ The 2005 U.S. State Department Report on Global Antisemitism.
  6. ^ a b Henrik Bachner and Jonas Ring. Antisemitic images and attitudes in Sweden. levandehistoria.se
  7. ^ Anti-Semitism, in Sweden? Depends who you're asking, Haaretz, 9 November 2007.
  8. ^ http://global100.adl.org/
  9. ^ In Malmo, record number of anti-Semitic attacks reported

External links

  • European network against racism
  • "Swedish culture minister in 'racist cake' row", Al Jazeera, April 18, 2012
  • "Swedish minister in 'racist cake' controversy", BBC News, April 18, 2012
  • Presentation by Tobias Hübinette at the No Border Camp 2012, Stockholm, June 21, 2012Swedish whiteness and Swedish racism
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