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Rail transport in Serbia

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Rail transport in Serbia

Serbian Railways
Native name Железнице Србије / Železnice Srbije
Type Government owned
Industry Rail transport
Founded Belgrade, Serbia (May 17, 2005 (2005-05-17))
First founded 1881
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia
Area served Serbia
Key people Dragoljub Simonović (General director)
Products Rail transport, Cargo transport, Services
Revenue Decrease 240.49 million (2012)[1]
Net income Decrease €0 (2012)[1]
Total assets Decrease €2.482 billion (2012)[1]
Total equity Decrease €1.855 million (2012)[1]
Owner(s) Government of Serbia (100%)
Employees 20,208[1]
Serbian Railways
Железнице Србије
Locale Serbia
Dates of operation 1881–present
Track gauge
Length 4,092 kilometres (2,543 mi)[2]
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia

Serbian Railways (Serbian: Железнице Србије / Železnice Srbije) is the national railway company of Serbia. Serbian Railways is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for Serbia is 72.


The history of rail transport in Serbia began in the mid-19th century when most of the territory was still held by the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires. The first rail line on the present-day territory of Serbia was inaugurated on 20 August 1854, between Lisava-Oravica-Bazijaš and the train operated on horse-drawn traffic which were replaced in 1856 by steam locomotives. Part of the line is located in Serbia passing trough Bela Crkva while the rest is in Romania. All subsequently built lines were laid towards Budapest as the territory was still part of Austro-Hungar back then. On the territory which was under the Otomans, the line Skopje-Kosovska Mitrovica was inaugurated in 1874. However, the major expansion begins after the Berlin Cogress and the formation of the Kingdom of Serbia during the second half of the 19th century.[3]

Serbian Railways as a company is traced back to 1881 when King Milan I declared formation of the Serbian National Railways. The first train departed from Belgrade to Niš on 23 August 1884, which is considered by Serbian Railways as the official year when the company was created. From the 1920s to the dissolution of Yugoslavia it operated under the name Yugoslav Railways. The first electrified line was opened between Belgrade and Šid in 1970.

The Blue Train which was a luxorious train specially built and used by the former Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito,[4] is still in service for the Serbian Railways on special services.[5]


In 2010, Serbian Railways joined Cargo 10, a joint venture with other railways in the region.[6] The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has given a series of four loans to Zeleznice Srbije to support modernisation.[7]

After decades of neglect, new investments took place since 2010. Twelve new trains from the Metrovagonmash were ordered and are in service, with additional 35 on order. Because of this, there are preliminary reports that the passenger ridership has skyrocketed on the services operated by the new trains. Currently there are ongoing talks of purchasing a dozen more from the Swiss company Staedler. Railroad tracks are also under reconstruction, and new tracks are being built. Under new management, the Serbian railways were able to cut operating costs by 2.8 billion Serbian dinars for Q1 2013. Previously, the newly appointed CEO referred to the overall situation in Serbian railways as "disastrous".

In July 2013, Serbian Railways signed a modernisation agreement with RZD International, funded by the Russian government, worth US$800m. This will focus on improving key sections of railway, doubling tracks, and the purchase of several Russian-built DMUs.[8]

Rolling stock

The rolling stock consists mostly of fast electric train sets (EMU class 412) and of electric locomotives built in the cooperation between Mašinska Industrija Niš (MIN) and KONČAR Group (classes 441 and 444), under the Swedish licence, as well as Romanian built Electroputere Craiova (classes 461 which is used mainly for cargo transport due to its moderate speed), built under the same licence. Some of these locomotives recently underwent comprehensive modernization either by MIN or Končar Zagreb. In March 2013 an order was put for 21 FLIRT3 EMUs for regional traffic, and the vehicles are expected to be delivered between 2014 and 2015.[9]

The diesel traction is powered by locomotives built by General Motors Company (classes 645, 661, 664, 666), MIN (classes 741, 742, 734), Macosa (class 644), Đuro Đaković Company (class 662, 643, 642), Metrovagonmash 711, as well as by some other, mostly European suppliers. Diesel trainsets (DMU classes 710, 712 and 812) are used mainly on local lines.

The Belgrade suburban railway system uses 16 RVR 412 trains built by Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca.

Metrovagonmash Class 711

On 14 April 2010, Serbian railways director Milovan Marković and manager of the Russian company Metrovagonmash signed a contract for the delivery of 12 new diesel motor train sets.[10] The first of the new diesel trains began commercial service from Belgrade to Vršac on 7 March 2012.[11] The acquirement of the Class 711 trains was regarded as historic by some Serbian media as it was the first time in over 30 years that a new train was purchased by a Serbian railroad operator.[12] The train (on Serbian tracks) travels up to 74 miles per hour (120 km/h).[13] The duration of the Belgrade-Vršac line with the new Class 711 trains is just under 2 hours.[14][15]


Serbian Railways offers many services which include local intra-city routes, domestic inter-city routes, and international routes.

The Avala inter-city train serves destinations like Venice, Munich, Vienna, Budapest and Moscow[16] and they all pass through Mala Krsna, the second biggest railroad knot in Serbia.

The direct service between Belgrade and Sarajevo, which was cut in the early 1990s during the Yugoslav Wars, was reopened in December 2009 and then canceled again in January 2013. [17]


The city of Belgrade has its own commuter rail transit system called Beovoz which is operated by Serbian Railways. Beovoz is a portmanteau of the Serbian words Beograd ("Belgrade" in Serbian) and voz ("Train" in Serbian).[18] While Beovoz is currently a comparable system to the Tehran Metro, the Belgrade Metro rapid subway system will open in 2017 and therefore overlap and replace some Beovoz operations.[19] The Belgrade tram system, a similar system to many rapid transit systems around the world, is operated by GSP Beograd as opposed to Serbian Railways.[20]

Belgrade-Bar Line

The Belgrade-Bar line is a famous railway line that operates from Belgrade, Serbia, to Bar, Montenegro. A part of the line actually passes into Bosnia and Herzegovina at the Štrpci station.[21] It is an important railway as it possesses a large share in passenger travel between Belgrade and Podgorica which is heavily competed by air, bus, and automobile travel. The line is also operated by Railways of Montenegro.[22] As of 2011, the tracks on the Belgrade-Bar line are said to be alarmingly neglected as some sections of the track are so deteriorated that they prevent passing trains from traveling faster than 18 miles per hour.[23][24] As of March 2012 the duration of the Belgrade-Bar trip is slightly over 11 hours.[25]

The line is famous for being one of the most scenic long-distance railways in the world in part due to the Mala Rijeka Viaduct, which is not only the longest bridge on the Belgrade-Bar route,[26] but also the second tallest in the world; it stands 656 feet above the Mala Rijeka (Serbian: Little River).[27]

Balkan Express

The Balkans Express line is a railway line that operates from Belgrade, Serbia, to Istanbul in Turkey.[28] It goes through Bulgaria and serves many cities like Sofia, Plovdiv, and Dimitrovgrad in between before crossing the Turkish border.[29] The line is operated by Serbian Railways, Turkish State Railways, and Bulgarian State Railways.

ICS – Inter-City Serbia

The ICS is a service that offers domestic connections from Belgrade to Novi Sad, Subotica and Prijepolje stopping in each line to all the important local stations.[30]

Šargan Eight

The Šargan Eight is one of Serbia's domestic railroad line which operate in the Zlatibor district. It is a narrow gauge railway which is classified as a heritage railway. It operates passenger travel from Mokra Gora to Šargan Vitasi Station. Originally, the Šargan Eight connected Serbia with Bosnia and Herzegovina when it was first constructed in 1916; the original link extended all the way to Višegrad. Today, however, the train only uses 9.6 miles of track on its trips from Mokra Gora to Šargan.[31]

One of the Prophecies of Kremna supposedly envisioned by controversial peasant Mitar Tarabić predicted the construction of a railroad in southwestern Serbia several decades before it was first constructed during the First World War.[32]

Through the Gypsy's descent the iron road will pass with the fiery iron car that will always stop in locations where there are now Gypsy tents...many years will pass before people will again remember the iron road and they will renew it again.
Mitar Tarabic (1829-1899)[33]

Incidents and accidents

Rail links with adjacent countries


See also


External links

  • Official website
  • Clip about the Belgrade railway hub and Beovoz commuter network
  • Clip about the new central railway station
  • Serbian Rail Map (passenger lines)

ru:Железнодорожный транспорт в Сербии

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