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Ram Singh

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Title: Ram Singh  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Indian independence movement, City Palace, Jaipur, Albert Hall Museum, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Gujarat Sabha
Collection: 1816 Births, 1872 Deaths, Indian Activists, Indian Sikhs
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ram Singh

Motto "ਕਿਰਤ ਕਰੋ, ਵੰਡ ਛਕੋ ਅਤੇ ਨਾਮ ਜਪੋ"
- Civilize the world !
Formation 1857
Type Religious and Spiritual
Legal status Active
Purpose EducationalReligious StudiesSpirituality
Headquarters India, Punjab, Sri Bhaini Sahib
Leader Ram Singh
Website .info.satgururamsinghwww
Formerly called
WorldHeritage:WikiProject Caves

Ram Singh (known by his followers as Satguru) (3 February 1816-) was born at the village of Raiyan,(Bhaini Sahib) in Ludhiana district of Punjab. He was a religious leader and social reformer, a spiritual teacher and national leader and the first Indian to use non-cooperation and boycotting of British merchandise and services as a political weapon. He was the religious leader of the Namdhari (Kuka) sect of Sikhism. Ram Singh launched his revolt against the British on 12 April 1857 by hoisting a white flag of freedom and announcing a programme of far-reaching significance.

Early life

His father was Jassa Singh, a carpenter by profession and Ramgarhia by caste. He got his early education at Bhaini Sahib in Gumukhi and Gurbani. He joined the Khalsa army and served for several years under Kanwar Naunihal Singh, the grandson of Ranjit Singh. While serving in the army he came across Baba Balak Singh . The word and teaching of Baba Balak Singh sank deep into his mind. One day Ram Singh said goodbye to his job and started his spiritual life.


Singh called for the people to boycott British government services, British-run educational institutions and law courts, and foreign-manufactured goods as well as defy British laws. He was the originator of the nonviolent civil disobedience movement in Punjab in 1872.


Ram Singh's fight for independence was a turning point in world history for it eventually sounded the death-knell of colonial rule in the British empire. Mahatma Gandhi later used the concepts of non-cooperation and civil disobedience propounded by Ram Singh as political weapons against the British . His ideas played a key part in securing India's Independence from the British.

Malerkotla massacre

In 1872 after the Malerkotala Massacre the whole Kuka movement was outlawed, Bhaini sahib was surrounded. Ram Singh was taken into custody and was deported first to Alahabad and then to Burma, where he remained as state prisoner Even in exile Ram Singh continued to have contact with his followers.


External links

  • Ram Singh's escape from Burma
  • Sikh history - Namdhari
  • Namdhari history
  • Origin of Non-Violence

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