World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ramsar Convention

Article Id: WHEBN0000195228
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ramsar Convention  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Water resources management in Nicaragua, Lake Bisina, Tubbataha Reef, Holkham National Nature Reserve
Collection: 1971 in Iran, 1975 in the Environment, Environmental Treaties, Ramsar Convention, Treaties Concluded in 1971, Treaties Entered Into Force in 1975, Treaties Extended to Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Treaties Extended to Aruba, Treaties Extended to Bermuda, Treaties Extended to British Antigua and Barbuda, Treaties Extended to British Honduras, Treaties Extended to British Hong Kong, Treaties Extended to Brunei (Protectorate), Treaties Extended to Gibraltar, Treaties Extended to Greenland, Treaties Extended to Guernsey, Treaties Extended to Jersey, Treaties Extended to Montserrat, Treaties Extended to Niue, Treaties Extended to Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan Da Cunha, Treaties Extended to the British Indian Ocean Territory, Treaties Extended to the British Solomon Islands, Treaties Extended to the Cayman Islands, Treaties Extended to the Cook Islands, Treaties Extended to the Falkland Islands, Treaties Extended to the Faroe Islands, Treaties Extended to the Netherlands Antilles, Treaties Extended to the Pitcairn Islands, Treaties Extended to the Turks and Caicos Islands, Treaties Extended to Tokelau, Treaties Extended to West Berlin, Treaties of Albania, Treaties of Algeria, Treaties of Andorra, Treaties of Antigua and Barbuda, Treaties of Argentina, Treaties of Armenia, Treaties of Australia, Treaties of Austria, Treaties of Azerbaijan, Treaties of Bahrain, Treaties of Bangladesh, Treaties of Barbados, Treaties of Belarus, Treaties of Belgium, Treaties of Belize, Treaties of Benin, Treaties of Bhutan, Treaties of Bolivia, Treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Treaties of Botswana, Treaties of Brazil, Treaties of Burkina Faso, Treaties of Burundi, Treaties of Cambodia, Treaties of Cameroon, Treaties of Canada, Treaties of Cape Verde, Treaties of Chad, Treaties of Chile, Treaties of Colombia, Treaties of Croatia, Treaties of Cuba, Treaties of Cyprus, Treaties of Denmark, Treaties of Djibouti, Treaties of Ecuador, Treaties of Egypt, Treaties of El Salvador, Treaties of Equatorial Guinea, Treaties of Estonia, Treaties of Fiji, Treaties of Finland, Treaties of France, Treaties of Gabon, Treaties of Georgia (Country), Treaties of Ghana, Treaties of Greece, Treaties of Grenada, Treaties of Guatemala, Treaties of Guinea, Treaties of Guinea-Bissau, Treaties of Honduras, Treaties of Iceland, Treaties of India, Treaties of Indonesia, Treaties of Iraq, Treaties of Ireland, Treaties of Israel, Treaties of Italy, Treaties of Ivory Coast, Treaties of Jamaica, Treaties of Japan, Treaties of Jordan, Treaties of Kazakhstan, Treaties of Kenya, Treaties of Kiribati, Treaties of Kuwait, Treaties of Kyrgyzstan, Treaties of Laos, Treaties of Latvia, Treaties of Lebanon, Treaties of Lesotho, Treaties of Liberia, Treaties of Liechtenstein, Treaties of Lithuania, Treaties of Luxembourg, Treaties of Madagascar, Treaties of Malawi, Treaties of Malaysia, Treaties of Mali, Treaties of Malta, Treaties of Mauritania, Treaties of Mauritius, Treaties of Mexico, Treaties of Moldova, Treaties of Monaco, Treaties of Mongolia, Treaties of Montenegro, Treaties of Morocco, Treaties of Mozambique, Treaties of Myanmar, Treaties of Namibia, Treaties of Nepal, Treaties of New Zealand, Treaties of Nicaragua, Treaties of Niger, Treaties of Nigeria, Treaties of Norway, Treaties of Oman, Treaties of Pakistan, Treaties of Palau, Treaties of Panama, Treaties of Papua New Guinea, Treaties of Paraguay, Treaties of Peru, Treaties of Portugal, Treaties of Romania, Treaties of Rwanda, Treaties of Saint Lucia, Treaties of Samoa, Treaties of São Tomé and Príncipe, Treaties of Senegal, Treaties of Serbia and Montenegro, Treaties of Seychelles, Treaties of Sierra Leone, Treaties of Slovakia, Treaties of Slovenia, Treaties of South Africa, Treaties of South Korea, Treaties of South Sudan, Treaties of Spain, Treaties of Sri Lanka, Treaties of Suriname, Treaties of Swaziland, Treaties of Sweden, Treaties of Switzerland, Treaties of Syria, Treaties of Tajikistan, Treaties of Tanzania, Treaties of Thailand, Treaties of the Bahamas, Treaties of the Central African Republic, Treaties of the Comoros, Treaties of the Czech Republic, Treaties of the Dominican Republic, Treaties of the Gambia, Treaties of the Hungarian People's Republic, Treaties of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Treaties of the Marshall Islands, Treaties of the Netherlands, Treaties of the Pahlavi Dynasty, Treaties of the People's Republic of Bulgaria, Treaties of the People's Republic of China, Treaties of the Philippines, Treaties of the Polish People's Republic, Treaties of the Republic of MacEdonia, Treaties of the Republic of the Congo, Treaties of the Republic of the Sudan (1985–2011), Treaties of the Soviet Union, Treaties of the United Arab Emirates, Treaties of the United Kingdom, Treaties of the United States, Treaties of Togo, Treaties of Trinidad and Tobago, Treaties of Tunisia, Treaties of Turkey, Treaties of Turkmenistan, Treaties of Uganda, Treaties of Ukraine, Treaties of Uruguay, Treaties of Uzbekistan, Treaties of Venezuela, Treaties of Vietnam, Treaties of West Germany, Treaties of Yemen, Treaties of Zaire, Treaties of Zambia, Treaties of Zimbabwe, Unesco Treaties
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ramsar Convention

Ramsar Convention
Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat
}
Ramsar logo
Signed February 2, 1971
Location Ramsar (Iran)
Effective December 21, 1975
Condition Ratification by 7 states
Parties 169
Depositary Director General of UNESCO
Languages

English, French, German and Russian

.org.ramsarwww

The Ramsar Convention (formally, the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands,[1] recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971.

Contents

  • Convention 1
  • List of contracting parties 2
  • International Organization Partners 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Convention

The convention was developed and adopted by participating nations at a meeting in Ramsar, Mazandaran, Iran, on February 2, 1971, hosted by the Iranian Department of Environment, and came into force on December 21, 1975.

The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance now includes 2208 Sites (known as Ramsar Sites) covering over 210,734,269.41 ha (520,735,720.3 acres). The country with the highest number of Sites is the United Kingdom at 170 and the country with the greatest area of listed wetlands is Bolivia, with over 140,000 km2 (54,000 sq mi).[2] The Ramsar definition of wetlands is fairly wide, including "areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters" as well as fish ponds, rice paddies and salt pans.[3]

Presently there are 169 contracting parties, up from 21 initial signatory nations in 1971. The state parties meet every three years as the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP), the first held in Cagliari, Italy in 1980. Amendments to the original convention have been agreed to in Paris (in 1982) and Regina (in 1987).[4]

There is a standing committee, a scientific review panel, and a secretariat. The headquarters is located in Gland, Switzerland, shared with the IUCN.

List of contracting parties

International Organization Partners

The Ramsar Convention works closely with five other organisations known as International Organization Partners (IOPs). These are Birdlife International, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Wetlands International and WWF International. These support the work of the Convention by providing expert technical advice, helping implement field studies and providing financial support. The IOPs also participate regularly as observers in all meetings of the Conference of the Parties and as full members of the Scientific and Technical Review Panel. For example, at the 2008 Convention of Parties, IWMI scientists contributed directly to a number of resolutions including those relating to wetlands' links to human health, biofuels, poverty reduction, biogeographic regionalization and biodiversity in rice paddies.

See also

References

  1. ^ Ramsar official website, retrieved 2011-07-10
  2. ^ Ramsar Contracting Parties, retrieved 2009-11-07
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Ramsar: A brief history, retrieved 2009-11-07

External links

  • The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
  • Ramsar Sites Information Service, web service by a non-profit organisation Wetlands International, providing access to Ramsar database
  • United States National Ramsar Committee
  • Peace Palace Library, bibliography on Water Resources and International Law.
  • Ramsar sites (Wetlands)and Ramsar sites in Brazil - Instituto Socioambiental
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.