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Randolph Blackwell

Randolph T. Blackwell (born March 10, 1927 in

  1. ^ a b c Chafe, William Henry (1981), Civilities and civil rights: Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Black struggle for freedom, Oxford University Press, p. 21,  .
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Blackwell, Randolph T. (1927-1981)", Martin Luther King, Jr., and the global freedom struggle (The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute, Stanford University) .
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Randolph T. Blackwell", Civil Rights Greensboro ( .
  4. ^ Campbell, Colin (May 23, 1981), "Randolph T. Blackwell, a leader in helping poor blacks in the South",  .
  5. ^ "Unsung giant of civil rights Dr Randolph Blackwell dies",  .
  6. ^ "Shooting angers rights leader; big campaign set in Mississippi",  .
  7. ^ Lytle, Mark H. (2006), America's uncivil wars: the Sixties era from Elvis to the fall of Richard Nixon, Oxford University Press, p. 133,  .
  8. ^ "Rural Action Helps to Give Poor Southern Blacks Jobs and Pride",  .
  9. ^ Mitchell, Grayson (January 1975), "Southern Rural Action, Inc., spurs blacks to create and maintain small industries",  .
  10. ^  .


In 1976 he was given the Martin Luther King, Jr. Nonviolent Peace Prize, and in 1978 the National Bar Association gave him their Equal Justice Award.[2][3]

From 1977 to 1979, in the presidency of Jimmy Carter, Blackwell was director of the Office of Minority Business Enterprise in the U.S. Department of Commerce,[2][3] but was beset there by charges of mismanagement.[10]

While at Alabama A & M, Blackwell became a leader of the 1962 student Deep South.[1][2][3][8][9]

In the late 1920s and early 1930s, Blackwell's father was active in Marcus Garvey's United Negro Improvement Association; Randolph attended association meetings with his father, and visited the prison where Garvey was held. In 1943, inspired by hearing Ella Baker speak, he founded a youth chapter of the NAACP in Greensboro. As a student in sociology at North Carolina A & T University (from which he graduated in 1949) he made an unsuccessful run for the state assembly. He earned a law degree from Howard University in 1953, took an assistant professorship at Winston-Salem Teacher’s College and then became an associate professor in 1954 at Alabama A & M College, where he taught government.[1][2][3]

[5][4] described him as an "unsung giant" of nonviolent social change.Coretta Scott King [3][2][1]

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