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Reserved forests and protected forests of India

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Title: Reserved forests and protected forests of India  
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Subject: Forestry in India, Communal forests of India, Fauna of India, Conservation areas of India, List of mammals of India
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Reserved forests and protected forests of India

A reserved forest tells to save the forest resources in India.

Reserved Forests

Land rights to forests declared to be Reserved forests or Protected forests are typically acquired (if not already owned) and owned by the Government of India. Similar to [national parks of India] or [wildlife sanctuaries of India], reserved forests and protected forests are declared by the respective [Government of India State and local governments state governments]. As of present, reserved forests and protected forests differ in one important way: Rights to all activities like hunting, grazing, etc. in reserved forests are banned unless specific orders are issued otherwise. In protected areas, rights to activities like hunting and grazing are sometimes given to communities living on the fringes of the forest, who sustain their livelihood partially or wholly from forest resources or products. The first reserve forest in India was Satpura National Park.

Protected forests

Protected forests are of two kinds - demarcated protected forests and undemarcated protected forests, based on whether the limits of the forest have been specified by a formal notification.

Typically, reserved forests are often upgraded to the status of wildlife sanctuaries, which in turn may be upgraded to the status of national parks, with each category receiving a higher degree of protection and government funding. For example, Sariska National Park was declared a reserved forest in 1955, upgraded to the status of a wildlife sanctuary in 1958, becoming a Tiger Reserve in 1978. Sariska became a national park in 1992, though primary notification to declare it as a national park was issued as early as 1982.[1]

For the entire list, see List of Protected areas in India.

Effect of tribal population growth on forest flora and fauna

Due to faster population growth in forest and tribal areas, naturally available forest resources (NTFP) are becoming inadequate for their basic livelihood. Many tribal people are giving up their traditional livelihoods and taking up farming and cattle ranching in the forest areas causing irreparable damage. Such people, formerly the protectors of forests, are gradually becoming threats to the forests and their wildlife. Governments should devise schemes to avert this harm and save the dwindling forest areas, their flora and fauna. Tribal people have extraordinary understanding of forest flora and fauna which can be productively utilized. All the tribal people should be employed by the government in the expansion and protection of forests and its wildlife until their descendants become better educated and diversify into industrial and service sectors. [2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sariska information sheet, Sanctuary Asia website
  2. ^

External links

  • “Legislations on Environment, Forests, and Wildlife” from the Official website of: Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests
  • “India’s Forest Conservation Legislation: Acts, Rules, Guidelines”, from the Official website of: Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests
  • Wildlife Legislations, including - “The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act” from the Official website of: Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests
  • Official website of: Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests
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