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Robert Holgate

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Robert Holgate

The Most Reverend
Robert Holgate
Archbishop of York
Installed 1545
Term ended 1554
Predecessor Edward Lee
Successor Nicholas Heath
Personal details
Born 1481/1482
Died 1555

Robert Holgate (1481/1482 – 1555) was Bishop of Llandaff and then Archbishop of York (from 1545 to 1554). He recognised Henry VIII as head of the Church of England.

Although a protege of Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, Holgate had a career in the Gilbertine Order of which he became master. Most of the Gilbertine houses were lesser establishments which should have been dissolved under the Suppression of Religious Houses Act 1535 (only four out of twenty-six houses had revenues over £200 a year). However, Holgate is credited with using his influence to save them for a few years. For example, Malton Priory, one of the lesser Gilbertine houses, was the last of them to surrender in December 1539,[1] whereas Sempringham Priory, worth more than £200 a year, surrendered in 1538.[2]

In 1550 Holgate married Barbara Wentworth, who was about 25 at the time. This may however have been a second marriage to make it fully legal, and Holgate and Wentworth may have first married in late 1547 with Roger Tongue officiating. In 1551 Arthur Norman claimed that he was already married to Barbara Wentworth, but the courts decided that their marriage when she was about seven had not been a binding legal transaction. Robert and Barbara remained married until 1553, when shortly after Mary I of England came to the throne she imprisoned Holgate on various charges, with his being a married clergy being central to these. In 1554 Holgate renounced his marriage claiming he had only entered it to avoid suspicion as a papist. In January 1555 Holgate was released from prison, but he was not restored to priestly office. He died later that year.[3]

In 1558 a Robert Holgate from Yorkshire entered the University of Cambridge. He may have been a son of Holgate, since there are some claims he had two children by Barbara, but there is no conclusive evidence on the matter.

References

This article contains public domain text from William Page's Houses of the Gilbertine order: The priory of Sempringham, A History of the County of Lincoln: Volume 2 (1906)
  1. ^ Gilbertine houses: Priory of Malton. A History of the County of York: Volume 3 (1974), pp. 253-254 (Public domain text), accessed via British History Online.
  2. ^ Page, William, 'Houses of the Gilbertine order: The priory of Sempringham', A History of the County of Lincoln: Volume 2 (1906), pp. 179–187, (Public domain text), accessed via British History online
  3. ^ A. G. Dickens, "The Marriage and Character of Archbishop Holgate," English Historical Review Vol. 52, no. 207 (Jul 1937) p. 428-442

External links

  • Archbishop Holgate's School
  • H.L. Parish, ‘Holgate, Robert (1481/2–1555)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 5 June 2007
Church of England titles
Preceded by
George de Athequa
Bishop of Llandaff
1537–1545
Succeeded by
Anthony Kitchin
Preceded by
Edward Lee
Archbishop of York
1545–1554
Succeeded by
Nicholas Heath
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