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Robert Horne, 1st Viscount Horne of Slamannan

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Title: Robert Horne, 1st Viscount Horne of Slamannan  
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Subject: Stanley Baldwin, Auckland Geddes, 1st Baron Geddes, Austen Chamberlain, Lloyd George ministry, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1918
Collection: 1871 Births, 1940 Deaths, Alumni of the University of Glasgow, Chancellors of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom, Conservative Party (Uk) Hereditary Peers, Conservative Party (Uk) Peers, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Lords of the Admiralty, Members of the Faculty of Advocates, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Glasgow Constituencies, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Scottish Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People Educated at George Watson's College, People from Falkirk (Council Area), Rectors of the University of Aberdeen, Royal Engineers Officers, Scottish Businesspeople, Uk Mps 1918–22, Uk Mps 1922–23, Uk Mps 1923–24, Uk Mps 1924–29, Uk Mps 1929–31, Uk Mps 1931–35, Uk Mps 1935–45, Unionist Party (Scotland) Mps, Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
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Robert Horne, 1st Viscount Horne of Slamannan

The Right Honourable
The Viscount Horne of Slamannan
GBE PC KC
Lord Horne of Slamannan, October 1925.
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
1 April 1921 – 19 October 1922
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Austen Chamberlain
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
President of the Board of Trade
In office
19 March 1920 – 1 April 1921
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Sir Auckland Geddes
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
Minister of Labour
In office
10 January 1919 – 19 March 1920
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by George Henry Roberts
Succeeded by Thomas James Macnamara
Personal details
Born (1871-02-28)28 February 1871
Slamannan, Stirlingshire
Died 3 September 1940(1940-09-03) (aged 69)
Political party Unionist
Spouse(s) Unmarried
Alma mater University of Glasgow
Profession Advocate
Religion Church of Scotland

Robert Stevenson Horne, 1st Viscount Horne of Slamannan Minister of Labour between 1919 and 1920, as President of the Board of Trade between 1920 and 1921 and as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1921 and 1922. In 1937 he was ennobled as Viscount Horne of Slamannan.

Contents

  • Background and education 1
  • Career until 1918 2
  • Political career 3
  • Personal life 4
  • References 5

Background and education

Horne was born at Edinburgh, and the University of Glasgow, where he studied Law[1] and was President of the Students' Representative Council.

Career until 1918

Horne then spent a year teaching philosophy at the University College of North Wales, before being elected to the Faculty of Advocates (Scottish Bar) in 1896.[1] He became a successful advocate, specialising in commercial and shipping cases, and became a King's Counsel in 1910. He also served as Examiner in Philosophy (1896–1900)[1] and Rector (1921–1924) at the University of Aberdeen. He was also a director of the Suez Canal Company, chairman of the Great Western Railway Company and director of several other companies and banks.

During the First World War, Horne became Director of Railways on the Western Front with the honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Engineers. In 1917 he joined the Admiralty as Assistant Inspector-General of Transportation, becoming Director of Materials and Priority in 1918, and Director of Labour and Third Civil Lord later the same year.

Political career

Having unsuccessfully stood for Stirlingshire in both general elections of 1910, Horne was elected as Minister of Labour between 1919 and 1920, as President of the Board of Trade between 1920 and 1921 and as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1921 and 1922.[1] It was in this capacity that he signed the Anglo-Soviet Trade Agreement, the first recognition by Britain of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

When the Andrew Bonar Law. Two years later, Stanley Baldwin offered to make Horne Minister of Labour once more, but Horne declined, preferring to concentrate on work in the City. Although he remained a Member of Parliament until 1937,[2] he never again held ministerial office. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 1918 for his war services, and raised to Knight Grand Cross (GBE) in the 1920 civilian war honours for his services as Minister of Labour.[1] In 1919 he was also sworn of the Privy Council.[3] He was ennobled as Viscount Horne of Slamannan, of Slamannan in the County of Stirling, on 9 June 1937.[4]

Personal life

Horne, a womanising bachelor, was famously referred to by Baldwin as a "Scots cad", a remark that has stuck. He died in September 1940, aged 69, when the viscountcy became extinct.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e thepeerage.com Robert Stevenson Horne, 1st Viscount Horne of Slamannan
  2. ^ a b leighrayment.com House of Commons: Hertford to Honiton
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31174. p. 2147. 11 February 1919.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34408. p. 3856. 15 June 1937.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Glasgow Hillhead
19181937
Succeeded by
James Reid
Political offices
Preceded by
George Henry Roberts
Minister of Labour
1919–1920
Succeeded by
Thomas James Macnamara
Preceded by
Sir Auckland Geddes
President of the Board of Trade
1920–1921
Succeeded by
Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by
Austen Chamberlain
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Stanley Baldwin
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Cowdray
Rector of the University of Aberdeen
1921–1924
Succeeded by
The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Horne of Slamannan
1937–1940
Extinct
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