World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Robert Nelson Stanfield

Article Id: WHEBN0004975138
Reproduction Date:

Title: Robert Nelson Stanfield  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate Committee on Civil Service
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Robert Nelson Stanfield

For the Canadian politician, see Robert L. Stanfield.

Robert N. Stanfield, Jr.
United States Senator from Oregon
In office
March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1927
Preceded by George E. Chamberlain
Succeeded by Frederick Steiwer
27th Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives
In office
Preceded by Ben Selling
Succeeded by Seymour Jones
Constituency Umatilla County
Personal details
Born (1877-07-09)July 9, 1877
near Umatilla, Oregon
Died April 13, 1945(1945-04-13) (aged 67)
Weiser, Idaho
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Inez Hill
Profession sheep and cattle rancher
Religion nominally Epsicopalian

Robert Nelson Stanfield (July 9, 1877 – April 13, 1945) was an American politician and rancher from the state of Oregon. A native of the state, he was a rancher before entering politics and serving in the Oregon House of Representatives, including one session as Speaker. A Republican, he served one term in the United States Senate from 1921 to 1927.

Early life

Robert Stanfield was born near the city of Umatilla, in Eastern Oregon on July 9, 1877.[1] He lived in Umatilla until 1882 when his family moved to Pendleton where his father ran a freight forwarding business. In 1885, the family moved to the former Buel Atwood place on Butter Creek, near Echo, Oregon. After the family moved to Butter Creek, he attended school at the Thomson School and then at the Butter Creek School built on land his father donated to the school district.[2]

In the fall of 1895, he enrolled in the state normal school at neighboring Weston.[1] His education was interrupted by the death of his father, Robert N. Stanfield, Sr., on April 15, 1896. He left school in 1897, after completing two years, and took over management of the Stanfield ranch on Butter Creek from his mother. From the original ranch on Butter Creek, he and his brothers built up a large livestock organization with multiple ranches.[3] He was also involved in banking in Echo and Baker.[1] He started with cattle and then switched mainly to sheep.[4] During World War I his herd was estimated to include 350,000 head of sheep, making him the world's largest sheep rancher.[4]

Political career

In 1912, Stanfield was elected to the Oregon House of Representatives as a Republican representing District 22 which included Morrow and Umatilla counties.[5] He continued in the state house through 1917, serving as Speaker during the 1917 session.[1] The next year, he ran against Charles L. McNary for the Republican nomination to the U.S. Senate, losing in the May primary.[4]

In 1920, Stanfield was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate and served from March 4, 1921, to March 4, 1927.[1] While in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee to Examine Branches of the Civil Service (Sixty-eighth Congress) and a member of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys (Sixty-ninth Congress).[1] During his time in Congress, he took hearings about public land use to the western states for the first time. He considered his greatest success the construction of the Owyhee Dam and irrigation projects in Malheur County, one of the first desert land reclamation projects. His reputation was rough and ready. In the midst of prohibition, he was arrested following a drunken bar fight in Baker, Oregon.[6] When he ran for re-election, his major opponents were the WCTU and the KKK. His admiring cowboy constituency could not elect him.[7]

Later years

He ran for the Republican nomination in 1926. He lost in the May primary election to Frederick Steiwer. He then earned a position on the general election ballot as an independent candidate.[7] He lost to Steiwer a second time.

He ran in the 1928 primary to be a candidate for Representative and was defeated again.[8]

After Congress he returned to Oregon and resumed his former business pursuits, and in 1945 died in Weiser, Idaho.[1] Robert Stanfield was buried in Hillcrest Cemetery.[1] He was survived by his wife, Inez Hill and one daughter, Barbara.[8]

See also


External links

  • Find a Grave
  • American Legislative Leaders in the West, 1911–1994
Preceded by
George E. Chamberlain
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Oregon
Succeeded by
Frederick Steiwer

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.