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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich and Freising

 

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich and Freising

Archdiocese of Munich and Freising
Archidioecesis Monacensis et Frisingensis
Bistum München und Freising
Frauenkirche, Munich
Location
Country Germany
Ecclesiastical province Munich and Freising
Metropolitan Munich, Bavaria
Statistics
Area 11,998 km2 (4,632 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
3,603,361
1,759,896 (48.8%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established 739
Cathedral Frauenkirche
Co-cathedral Freising Cathedral
Patron saint St. Corbinian
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Reinhard Marx
Archbishop of Munich and Freising
Auxiliary Bishops Wolfgang Bischof, Bernhard Haßlberger
Emeritus Bishops Friedrich Wetter, Franz Dietl, Engelbert Siebler
Map
Website
erzbistum-muenchen-und-freising.de
Freising Cathedral
The Freising Cathedral's pipe organ
Palais Holnstein, the Archbishop's residence

The Archdiocese of Munich and Freising (German: Erzbistum München und Freising, Latin: Archidioecesis Monacensis et Frisingensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Bavaria, Germany. It is governed by the Archbishop of Munich and Freising, who administers the see from the co-cathedral in Munich, the Frauenkirche, which is never called in German Munich Cathedral. The other, much older co-cathedral is Freising Cathedral.

The see was canonically erected in about 739 by Saint Boniface as the Diocese of Freising and later became a prince-bishopric. The diocese was dissolved in 1803 following the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, although a titular bishop ruled until April 1, 1818, when Pope Pius VII elevated the diocese to an archdiocese with its new seat in Munich, rather than Freising.

The archdiocese is divided into forty deaneries with 758 parishes. Its suffragan bishops are the Bishop of Augsburg, the Bishop of Passau, and the Bishop of Regensburg.

The most famous archbishop was Joseph Ratzinger, who was elected as Pope Benedict XVI.

Contents

  • Ordinaries 1
    • Bishops of Freising 1.1
    • Prince-bishops of Freising 1.2
    • Archbishops of Munich and Freising 1.3
    • Auxiliary Bishops 1.4
  • Residence 2
  • See also 3
  • Sources and external links 4
  • References 5

Ordinaries

The following is a selection of notable ordinaries of the Bishopric and Prince-Bishopric of Freising and the Archbishopric and Archdiocese of Munich and Freising

Bishops of Freising

  • Saint Corbinian (723-730; founded the Benedictine abbey in Freising, although the diocese was not organized until 739 by Saint Boniface)
  • Erembert (739-747; sometimes referred to as Corbinian's half brother[1])
  • Joseph of Freising, also known as Joseph of Verona (747-764)
  • Otto I (1138–1158)
  • Albert I (1158–1184)
  • Otto II (1184–1220)
In 1294, the Bishop's status as a prince of the Holy Roman Empire was confirmed.

Prince-bishops of Freising

Archbishops of Munich and Freising

Auxiliary Bishops

Residence

The residence of the Archbishops of Munich and Freising is the Palais Holnstein in Munich.

See also

Sources and external links

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich (German)
  • Catholic Hierarchy Profile of the Archdiocese of Munich
  • Catholic Encyclopedia article (history of the diocese up to Archbishop von Bettinger)


References

  1. ^ Maß, Josef (2005). "Der hl. Bonifatius und das Bistum Freising". Beiträge zur altbayerischen Kirchengeschichte (in German) 48: 9–27. 
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