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Romance Flanders

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Title: Romance Flanders  
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Subject: Low Countries, Tournai, Politics of Flanders, French Flanders, Cougnou
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Romance Flanders

Romance Flanders or Gallicant Flanders is the part of the county of Flanders where people speak Romance languages, like varieties of Picard. It currently straddles the border of France and Belgium.


In early modern English, it was also called Welch Flanders or Gallike Flanders. The original French name is Flandre Gallicane or Flandre Gallicante, derived from the Latin term : Gallo Flandria or Flandria Gallica.

The term Walloon Flanders should not be used to designate the entire region, as it refers only to a part of Gallicant Flanders around Lille. A better name for that region is Lilloise Flanders. The use of Walloon Flanders is political, not linguistic as Romance Flanders or Gallicant Flanders.


In France :

    • The Lilloise Flanders (in French Flandre Lilloise, in Dutch Rijsels-Vlaanderen) ;
    • The northern part of the Scarpe plain with the Pévèle and the bailiwick of Douai (Douaisis);

In Belgium :

    • The historical Tournaisis (in Dutch Doornikse);
    • The regions of Mouscron and Comines, bilingual communes of (or part of) the old castelleny of Courtray;

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