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Rouen manufactory

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Title: Rouen manufactory  
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Subject: Porcelain, Etiolles porcelain, Mennecy-Villeroy porcelain, Saint-Cloud porcelain, Sinceny manufactory
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Rouen manufactory

French porcelain

Rouen soft-paste porcelain vase,
end of the 17th century.

The Rouen manufactory (1673-1696) was an early French manufactory for faience and soft-paste porcelain, located in Rouen, Normandy.

Soft-paste porcelain (1673–1696)

Rouen soft-paste porcelain mustard cup, end of the 17th century, with the arms of Asselin de Villequiers.

The first soft-paste porcelain of France, and specifically frit porcelain, was produced at Rouen in 1673, in order to mimic "la véritable porcelaine de Chine" ("The true porcelain of China").[1][2] The new soft-paste porcelain material was invented by the potter Louis Poterat.[1] The soft porcelain used blue designs of the type already used in the faiences of the period.[1]

The porcelain at Rouen became known as "Porcelaine française".[1] These were developed in an effort to imitate high-valued Chinese hard-paste porcelain.[1] These events followed the creation of the French East India Company in 1664, and the influx of Chinese wares it generated.

The Rouen paste was very light, lighter than any other French make except Sèvres porcelain, and clearly less amber than Saint-Cloud porcelain.[1]

The Rouen porcelain manufactory closed in 1696.[3] Contrary to the Saint-Cloud manufactory, Rouen porcelain was only produced on a small scale, and failed to be commercially viable.[4] It was characterized by an intense blue glaze, and minimalist blue decorations which only occupied a small portion of the available space in any given object.[4]

Rouen faience

After the end of porcelain production, various faience products continued to be produced however.

Rouen ceramics were copied extensively, by manufactories such as the Sinceny manufactory, founded in 1713, when potters from Rouen moved there to establish their own venture, or by Saint-Cloud manufactory.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Edwin Atlee Barber p.5-6Artificial Soft Paste Porcelain - France, Italy, Spain and England
  2. ^ Edward Dillon p.239Porcelain
  3. ^ Edward Wenham p.105Antiques a to Z - a Pocket Handbook for Collectors and Dealers
  4. ^ a b Metropolitan Museum of Art
  5. ^ by James Ward p.64Historic Ornament - Treatise on Decorative Art and Architectural Ornament

External links

  • A rare example of Rouen porcelain
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