World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Royal Victorian Order

Royal Victorian Order
Breast Star of the Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Awarded by the

monarch of the United Kingdom
(foundation – 1931)
the

monarch of the United Kingdom and the Dominions
(1931–1952)
the

monarch of the Commonwealth realms
(since 1952)
Type Dynastic order
Motto VICTORIA
Day 20 June
Eligibility All living citizens of the Commonwealth realms
Awarded for Personal service to the sovereign.
Status Currently constituted
First Sovereign Queen Victoria
Sovereign Queen Elizabeth II
Grand Master Anne, Princess Royal
Chancellor The Earl Peel
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Knight/Dame Grand Cross (GCVO)
Knight/Dame Commander (KCVO/DCVO)
Commander (CVO)
Lieutenant (LVO)
Member (MVO)
Established 21 April 1896
Precedence
Next (higher) Dependent on state
Next (lower) Dependent on state

Ribbon of an ordinary member of the order

Ribbon of an honorary member of the order

The Royal Victorian Order (French: Ordre royal de Victoria)[n 1] is a dynastic order of knighthood recognising distinguished personal service to the monarch of the Commonwealth realms[1] or to members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy of the monarch.[2][3] The present monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the sovereign of the order.

Since the order was established in 1896 by Queen Victoria, the order's chapel has been the Savoy Chapel in London; the order's official day is 20 June,[n 2] and its motto is Victoria.

There are no limits on the number honoured,[1] and admission remains the personal gift of the monarch,[1] with each of the order's five grades and one medal with three levels representing different levels of service. While all those honoured may use the prescribed styles of the order—the top two grades grant titles of knighthood, and all grades accord distinct post-nominal letters—the Royal Victorian Order's precedence amongst other honours differs from realm to realm, and admission to some grades may be barred to citizens of those realms by government policy.

Though similarly named, the Royal Victorian Order is not related to the Royal Victorian Chain.

Contents

  • Creation 1
  • Officers and grades 2
  • Insignia and vestments 3
  • Chapel and associations 4
  • Eligibility and appointment 5
  • Precedence 6
  • Current Knights and Dames Grand Cross 7
  • See also 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10
  • Further reading 11
  • External links 12

Creation

Queen Victoria pictured at age 81, four years after she founded the Royal Victorian Order

Prior to the close of the 19th century, most general honours within the Diamond Jubilee, so as to give the Queen time to complete a list of first inductees. The order's official day was made 20 June of each year, marking the anniversary of Queen Victoria's accession to the throne.[6]

After 1931, when the Statute of Westminster came into being and the Dominions of the British Empire became independent states, equal in status to Britain,[7][8] the Royal Victorian Order remained an honour open to all the King's realms; thus, as with the monarch who conferred it, the order ceased to be purely British.[1] The order was open to foreigners since its inception, the Prefect of Alpes-Maritimes and the Mayor of Nice being the first to receive the honour in 1896.[1]

Officers and grades

The reigning Chancellor, held by the Lord Chamberlain; the Secretary, held by the Keeper of the Privy Purse and Treasurer to the Queen; the Registrar, held by the Secretary to the Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood; the Chaplain, held by the Chaplain of the Queen's Chapel of the Savoy; and the Genealogist.[10]

Thereafter follow those honoured with different grades of the order, divided into five levels—the highest two conferring Windsor Castle and Westminster Abbey are customarily inducted as Knights Commander; clergymen appointed to the higher levels of the Royal Victorian Order do not use the associated styles, however, and honorary members are not permitted to hold them at all.

Prior to 1984, the grades of Lieutenant and Member were classified as Members (fourth class) and Members (fifth class), respectively, but both with the post-nominals MVO. On 31 December of that year, Queen Elizabeth II declared that those in the grade of Member (fourth class) would henceforth be Lieutenants with the post-nominals LVO.[10]

Grades of the Royal Victorian Order:
Grade Knight/Dame Grand Cross Knight/Dame Commander Commander Lieutenant Member Medal
(associated)
Prefix Sir/Dame Sir/Dame
Post-nominal letters GCVO KCVO/DCVO CVO LVO MVO RVM
Insignia

Insignia and vestments

Mantle of the order bearing the star of a Knight Grand Cross

Upon admission into the Royal Victorian Order, members are given various insignia of the organization, each grade being represented by different emblems and robes. Common for all members is the badge, which is a Maltese cross with a central medallion depicting on a red background the Royal Cypher of Queen Victoria surrounded by a blue ring bearing the motto of the order—VICTORIA—and surmounted by a Tudor crown.[10] However, there are variations on the badge for each grade of the order: Knights and Dames Grand Cross wear the badge on a sash passing from the right shoulder to the left hip; Knight Commanders wear the badge on a ribbon at the neck; male Commanders, Lieutenants, and Members wear the badge from a ribbon on the left chest;[6] and women in all grades below Dame Grand Cross wear the badge on a bow pinned at the left shoulder. For Knights and Dames Grand Cross, Commanders, and Lieutenants, the Maltese cross is rendered in white enamel with gold edging, while that for Knights and Dames Commander and Members is in silver.[6] Further, the size of the badge varies by rank, that for the higher classes being larger, and Knights and Dames Grand Cross and Knights and Dames Commander have their crosses surrounded by a star: for the former, an eight-pointed silver star, and for the latter, an eight-pointed silver Maltese cross with silver rays between each arm.

The Countess of Wessex (right) wearing the riband of a Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order

The medal bears the effigy and name of the reigning sovereign at the time of its awarding, as well as the phrase DEI • GRATIA • REGINA (or REX) • F.D. (by the grace of God, Queen (or King), Defender of the Faith), and on the reverse is the Royal Cypher upon an ornamental shield within a laurel wreath. Bars may be awarded to each class of medal for further services, and should recipients be awarded a higher level of medal or be appointed to a grade of the order itself, they may continue to wear their original medal along with the new insignia.

The order's ribbon is blue with red-white-red stripe edging, the only difference being that for foreigners appointed into the society, their ribbon bearing an additional central white stripe. For Knights Grand Cross, the ribbon is 82.5 millimetres (3.25 in) wide, for Dames Grand Cross 57.1 millimetres (2.25 in), for Knights and Dames Commander 44.4 millimetres (1.75 in), and for all other members 31.7 millimetres (1.25 in).[10]

At formal events, or collar days, of which there are 34 throughout the year, such as New Year's Day and royal anniversaries,[9] Knights and Dames Grand Cross wear the Royal Victorian Order's livery collar, consisting of an alternating string of octagonal gold pieces depicting a gold rose on a blue field and gold oblong frames within which are one of four inscriptions: Victoria, Britt. Reg. (Queen of the Britons), Def. Fid. (fidei defensor, or Defender of the Faith), and Ind. Imp. (Empress of India). The chain supports a larger octagonal medallion with a blue enamel surface edged in red and charged with a saltire, over which is an effigy of Queen Victoria; members of the order suspend from this medallion their insignia as a badge apendant.[9][10] Though after the death of a Knight or Dame Grand Cross their insignia may be retained by their family, the collar must be returned. Knights and Dames Grand Cross also wear a mantle of dark blue satin edged with red satin and lined with white satin, bearing a representation of the order's star on the left side.[10]

Chapel and associations

The Queen's Chapel of the Savoy, which acts as the chapel of the Royal Victorian Order

Since 1938, the chapel of the Royal Victorian Order has been the Windsor Castle is now employed for the event.[1][9]

The Sovereign and Knights and Dames Grand Cross of the order are allotted stalls in the Savoy chapel's choir, and on the back of each stall is affixed a

External links

Further reading

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h
  2. ^ a b c d e f
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26733. p. 2455. 24 April 1896.
  6. ^ a b c d
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c d e f
  10. ^ a b c d e f
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 55939. p. 8923. 11 August 2000.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 58465. p. 14061. 28 September 2007.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59001. p. 4181. 9 March 2009.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59312. p. 831. 20 January 2010.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59407. p. 7849. 30 April 2010.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59705. p. 3089. 21 February 2011.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59945. p. 20159. 21 October 2011.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 60112. p. 6929. 10 April 2012.
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^

References

  1. ^ For use in Canada, in accordance with the country's policy of official bilingualism.
  2. ^ 20 June 1837 was Victoria's Accession Day.

Notes

See also

  1. King Michael I, appointed 1937[21]
  2. Prince Harald (later King Harald V), appointed 1955[22]
  3. Henrik, Prince Consort, appointed 1974[23]
  4. Hereditary Grand Duke Henri (later Grand Duke Henri) appointed 1976
  5. Qaboos bin Said Al Said, appointed 1979[24]
  6. Crown Prince Mohammed (later King Mohammed VI), appointed 1980
  7. Queen Beatrix (later Princess Beatrix), appointed 1982
  8. Prince Felipe (later King Felipe VI), appointed 1988[25]
  9. Khaled Al-Duwaisan, appointed 1995[26]
  10. Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn, appointed 1996
  11. Princess Sirindhorn, appointed 1996
  12. Princess Chulabhorn, appointed 1996
  13. / Archbishop Luigi Barbarito, appointed 1996[27]
  14. Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah, appointed 1998
  15. King Albert II[28]
  16. Emperor Akihito
  17. Prince Hassan bin Talal
Honorary Knights and Dames Grand Cross
  1.  The Duke of Kent KG GCMG GCVO ADC(P) FBCS, appointed 1960
  2.  Princess Alexandra KG GCVO CD, appointed 1960
  3. : The Earl of Snowdon GCVO RDI, appointed 1969
  4.  The Duke of Gloucester KG GCVO SSI, appointed 1974
  5.  The Duchess of Kent GCVO, appointed 1977
  6. : The Duchess of Grafton GCVO, appointed 1980
  7. Sir Ninian Stephen KG AK GCMG GCVO KBE QC, appointed 1982
  8. The Earl of Airlie KT GCVO PC JP, appointed 1984
  9.  The Duchess of Gloucester GCVO, appointed 1989
  10. Sir William Heseltine GCB GCVO AC QSO PC, appointed 1990
  11. Sir Antony Acland KG GCMG GCVO, appointed 1991
  12. Sir Ewen Fergusson GCMG GCVO, appointed 1992
  13. Sir Christopher Mallaby GCMG GCVO, appointed 1992
  14. The Lord Waddington GCVO PC QC DL, appointed 1994
  15. Sir Brian Fall GCVO KCMG, appointed 1994
  16. Sir Matthew Farrer GCVO, appointed 1994
  17. Dame Catherine Tizard ONZ GCMG GCVO DBE QSO, appointed 1995
  18. The Lord Fellowes GCB GCVO QSO PC, appointed 1996
  19. Sir Shane Blewitt GCVO, appointed 1996
  20. The Lord Camoys GCVO GCSG PC DL, appointed 1998
  21. Sir Simon Cooper GCVO, appointed 2000[13]
  22. The Lord Luce KG GCVO PC DL, appointed 2000
  23. Sir Brian McGrath GCVO, appointed 2000
  24. Sir Hew Hamilton-Dalrymple Bt GCVO, appointed 2001
  25. The Lord Sterling of Plaistow GCVO CBE, appointed 2002
  26. The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres KT GCVO PC, appointed 2002
  27.  Prince Michael of Kent GCVO CD, appointed 2003
  28. Sir John Holmes GCVO KBE CMG, appointed 2004
  29. Sir Peter Torry GCVO KCMG, appointed 2004
  30. Sir Malcolm Ross GCVO OBE, appointed 2005
  31. The Earl Peel GCVO PC DL, appointed 2006
  32. The Lord Janvrin GCB GCVO QSO PC, appointed 2007[14]
  33. Sir Donald McKinnon ONZ GCVO PC, appointed 2009[15]
  34.  The Countess of Wessex GCVO, appointed 2010[16]
  35. Sir Hugh Roberts GCVO, appointed 2010[17]
  36. / Brigadier Sir Miles Hunt-Davis GCVO CBE, appointed 2010
  37.  The Duke of York KG GCVO CD ADC(P),[18] appointed 2011
  38.  The Earl of Wessex KG GCVO SOM ADC(P), appointed 2011
  39. Sir Michael Peat GCVO, appointed 2011[19]
  40.  The Duchess of Cornwall GCVO,[20] appointed 2012
  41. Sir Alan Reid GCVO, appointed 2012
  42. The Lady Hussey of North Bradley GCVO, appointed 2013
  43. Dame Mary Anne Morrison GCVO, appointed 2013
  44. Sir Peter Ricketts GCMG GCVO, appointed 2014
Knights and Dames Grand Cross
  • Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II
  • Grand Master: Anne, Princess Royal KG KT GCVO QSO GCL CD FRCVS FRS, appointed Dame Grand Cross in 1974; Grand Master since 2007.
Star and riband of a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
A detailed view of a stumpwork and goldwork embroidered star of a Knight or Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order

Current Knights and Dames Grand Cross

In the United Kingdom, the wives of male members of all classes also feature on the order of precedence, as do sons, daughters and daughters-in-law of Knights Grand Cross and Knights Commanders; relatives of Dames, however, are not assigned any special precedence. As a general rule, individuals can derive precedence from their fathers or husbands, but not from their mothers or wives.

Country Preceding RVO grade Following
Australia
Order of precedence[* 1]
Knight/Dame of the Order of Australia (AK/AD) Knight/Dame Grand Cross Companion of the Order of Australia (AC)
Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) Knight/Dame Commander Officer of the Order of Australia (AO)
Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) Commander Star of Gallantry (SG)
Member of the Order of Australia (AM) Lieutenant Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO)
Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order (LVO) Member Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC)
Australian Antarctic Medal (AAM) Medal Commendation for Gallantry
Canada
Order of precedence[* 2]
Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces (COM) Commander Officer of the Order of Military Merit (OMM)
Officer of the Order of Military Merit (OMM) Lieutenant Member of the Order of Military Merit (MMM)
Member of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces (MOM) Member Venerable Order of Saint John (GC/K/D/C/O/M/SB/SSStJ)
Meritorious Service Medal (MSM) Medal Sacrifice Medal
New Zealand
Order of precedence
Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) Knight/Dame Grand Cross Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE)
Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG/DCMG) Knight/Dame Commander Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE/DBE)
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) Commander Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Lieutenant Companion of the Queen's Service Order (QSO)
Companion of the Imperial Service Order (ISO) Member Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit (MNZM)
New Zealand Bravery Medal (NZBM) Medal Queen's Service Medal (QSM)
United Kingdom England and
Wales

Order of precedence
Knight/Dame Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE) Knight/Dame Grand Cross Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE)
Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE/DCIE) Knight/Dame Commander Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE/DBE)
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) Commander Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Lieutenant Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Eldest son of Knight Bachelor Member Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Scotland
Order of precedence
Knight/Dame Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE) Knight/Dame Grand Cross Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE)
Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE/DCIE) Knight/Dame Commander Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE/DBE)
Sheriffs Commander Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)
Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) Lieutenant Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Eldest son of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire Member Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Northern Ireland
Order of precedence
Knight/Dame Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE) Knight/Dame Grand Cross Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE)
Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE/DCIE) Knight/Dame Commander Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE/DBE)
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) Commander Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Lieutenant Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Eldest son of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire Member Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
  1. ^ The order is different for honours received prior to 6 October 1992.
  2. ^ The order is different for honours received prior to 1 June 1972.

As the Royal Victorian Order is open to the citizens of sixteen different countries, each with their own system of orders, decorations, and medals, the RVO's place of precedence varies from country to country. Some are as follows:

Precedence

Persons have been removed from the order at the monarch's command. Anthony Blunt, a former surveyor of the Queen's Pictures, was in 1979 stripped of his knighthood, after it was revealed that he had been a spy. Also, William Pottinger, a senior civil servant, in 1975 lost his membership in both the Order of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Order when he was jailed for corruptly receiving gifts from the architect John Poulson.

Membership in the Royal Victorian Order is conferred by the reigning monarch without Canadian ministry adheres to the Nickle Resolution of 1919. The appointment of Canadians to the order resumed in 1972 and eligibility has been extended to those who render services to the monarch's representatives in the country.[2] It was reported in 2008 that some in the Chancellery of Honours at Rideau Hall wished to eliminate the Royal Victorian Order from the Canadian honours system and sometimes contested when a Canadian was appointed; however, no formal changes were ever planned.[2] In Canada, the order has come to be colloquially dubbed as the "Royal Visit Order", as the majority of appointments are made by the sovereign during her tours of the country.[2] Similarly, foreign members will generally be admitted as honorary members of the Royal Victorian Order when the Queen is making a state visit to the individual's country or a head of state is paying a state visit to one of the Queen's realms.[9]

Coat of arms of the Lord Baden-Powell, showing the ribbon of the Royal Victorian Order around the escutcheon and the order's insignia suspended at bottom

Eligibility and appointment

[11] the group has, since 2008, gathered biennially.[12] Founded by Dr. Michael Jackson,[11]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.