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Rudolf Kittel

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Title: Rudolf Kittel  
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Subject: Biblia Hebraica (Kittel), Otto Eissfeldt, New English Bible, Kittel (surname), Südfriedhof (Leipzig)
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Rudolf Kittel

Gravestone of Rudolf Kittel, Südfriedhof (Leipzig)

Rudolf Kittel (28 March 1853, Eningen, Württemberg - 20 October 1929, Leipzig) was a German Old Testament scholar. Kittel studied at Tübingen University. He became Professor of Old Testament at Breslau and Leipzig. He produced commentaries and histories of the Israelites and the Near East, but his most enduring work was his critical edition of the Hebrew scriptures, Biblia Hebraica, which has remained a standard text.

Kittel's son was the theologian and Nazi apologist Gerhard Kittel.[1]

Literary works

  • Geschichte der Hebräer, 2 volumes, 1888-1892.
  • Biblia Hebraica (BHK), 1909. (Hebrew Bible)
  • Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft in ihren wichtigsten Ergebnissen mit Berücksichtigung des Religionsunterrichts, 1910.
  • Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft in ihren wichtigsten Ergebnissen dargestellt, 1917.
  • Die Religion des Volkes Israel, 1921.
  • Geschichte des Volkes Israel, 1923.
  • Gestalten und Gedanken in Israel, 1925.


  1. ^ Theologians under Hitler (documentary)

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